This gene encodes a mitochondrial DNA-directed RNA polymerase. The gene product is responsible for mitochondrial gene expression as well as for providing RNA primers for initiation of replication of the mitochondrial genome. Although this polypeptide has the same function as the three nuclear DNA-directed RNA polymerases, it is more closely related to RNA polymerases of bacteriophage and mitochondrial polymerases of lower eukaryotes.
^Tiranti V, Savoia A, Forti F, D'Apolito MF, Centra M, Rocchi M, Zeviani M (Jul 1997). "Identification of the gene encoding the human mitochondrial RNA polymerase (h-mtRPOL) by cyberscreening of the Expressed Sequence Tags database". Hum Mol Genet6 (4): 615–25. doi:10.1093/hmg/6.4.615. PMID9097968.
Suzuki Y, Yoshitomo-Nakagawa K, Maruyama K, et al. (1997). "Construction and characterization of a full length-enriched and a 5'-end-enriched cDNA library". Gene200 (1–2): 149–56. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(97)00411-3. PMID9373149.
Falkenberg M, Gaspari M, Rantanen A, et al. (2002). "Mitochondrial transcription factors B1 and B2 activate transcription of human mtDNA". Nat. Genet.31 (3): 289–94. doi:10.1038/ng909. PMID12068295.