PRR 1361

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PRR 1361
Specifications
Power type Steam
Builder Altoona Works
Serial number 3475
Build date 1918
Configuration 4-6-2
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Leading wheel
diameter
36 in (914.4 mm)
Driver diameter 80 in (2,032 mm)[1]
Trailing wheel
diameter
50 in (1,270 mm)
Wheelbase 13 ft 10 in (4.2 m) between driving axles
Length 83 ft 6 in (25.5 m)
Locomotive weight 274,500 lb (124,511 kg)
Fuel capacity 22 short tons (20 t)[2]
Water capacity 11,300 US gallons (43,000 l)[2]
Boiler pressure 205 psi (1,413 kPa)[1]
Firegrate area 69.89 sq ft (6.49 m2)[1]
Heating surface:
– Total
4,041 square feet (375 m2)[2]
Cylinder size 27 in × 28 in (686 mm × 711 mm)[1]
Tractive effort 44,460 lbf (197,770 N)[1]
Career
Operator(s) Pennsylvania Railroad
Class K4s
Nicknames "Spirit of Altoona"
Delivered May 1918
First run May 1918
Last run 1988
Retired 1956
Restored 1987, 1996 – 2010
Current owner Railroaders Memorial Museum
Disposition In storage, dismantled

PRR 1361 is a Pennsylvania Railroad K4s steam locomotive owned by the Railroaders Memorial Museum in Altoona, Pennsylvania and located in Scranton, where it underwent restoration at the Steamtown National Historic Site. It is one of the two remaining K4s locomotives and, along with PRR 3750, was designated the official state steam locomotive in 1987 by the Pennsylvania General Assembly.

Background[edit]

The K4s is considered the Pennsylvania Railroad's most famous class of steam locomotives, with a total of 425 engines produced from 1917 to 1928, and including the prototype that was built in 1914.[3] The last of K4s stayed in service well into the late 1950s, until being replaced with diesel locomotives.

History[edit]

1361 was constructed in 1918 by the Altoona Works. On June 8, 1957, 1361 was dedicated and placed on exhibit at the Horseshoe Curve outside of Altoona. It had clocked an estimated 2.5 million miles (0 million kilometers) over its career.[4] 1361 remained at Curve until 1985 when it moved back to the Altoona Works. It was replaced, at the curve, with the EMD GP9 diesel locomotive 7048, painted in Pennsylvania Railroad colors. 1361 was restored in 1987 to haul excursion trains. A year later, the main bearing and the drive axle suffered a catastrophic failure. The Pennsylvania General Assembly designated 3750 and 1361 the official state steam locomotives on December 18, 1987, while also designating the GG1 4859 the state electric locomotive in the same bill.[5]

Restoration efforts[edit]

1361 was dismantled in 1996 and moved to Steamtown in Scranton. It was to be restored through a partnership between Steamtown, the University of Scranton and the Railroaders Memorial Museum in Altoona.[4] After an initial grant of $420,000, Governor of Pennsylvania Tom Ridge released an additional $600,000 in March 2000.[4] The restoration was forced to slow exponentially because "every broken pin and bolt had to be replaced with handmade duplicates."[4] Scheduled completion dates kept being pushed back and, after 13 years, the restoration had cost $1.7 million.[2][6] Most of the smaller components of 1361 were inventoried and returned to Altoona in 2007, when the museum stopped paying out funding until the rest of the locomotive, consisting mostly of the boiler, is back at the museum.[7]

In April 2010, it was decided to cancel the current restoration plans for 1361.[6] Instead of rebuilding it and placing the locomotive back into service as an excursion train, the museum will settle for a "semi-static display."[6] The museum hopes to still be able to reconstruct the boiler, such that it could still fired and produce enough steam pressure to blow the whistle.[6] The restoration was eventually canceled, not because of the rising cost and, seemingly, little progress, but that the boiler would have had to have been built to specifications required by the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), specification that 1361 would not have met when it was completed in 1918, and that Norfolk Southern was not going to allow steam locomotives to run on its Pittsburgh Line anyway, as it was already busy enough.[6] After construction of a "quarter-roundhouse" is finished at the museum, plans would be drawn up to move 1361 from Scranton, back to Altoona, where it will be reassembled.[7] The museum, however, has not ruled out expanding their plans back to their original scope sometime in the future.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Stauffer 1962, p. 163.
  2. ^ a b c d Kaufman, Dirk W (March 18, 2007). "Altoona awaits refurbished steam locomotive". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ Stauffer 1962, p. 159.
  4. ^ a b c d Conway, Rachael (July 16, 2000). "Train repair picks up steam". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. B2. 
  5. ^ Act of Dec. 18, 1987, P.L. 421, No. 89.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Kibler, William (April 14, 2010). "Official: Working K-4 plans derailed". Altoona Mirror. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Kibler, William (May 18, 2008). "K-4 to return — in pieces". Altoona Mirror. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

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