PRR 460

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Coordinates: 39°58′56″N 76°9′40″W / 39.98222°N 76.16111°W / 39.98222; -76.16111

PRR 460
RRMOP 460.JPG
Specifications
Power type Steam
Builder Altoona Works
Build date 1914
Configuration 4-4-2
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 80 in (2,032 mm)
Length 71 ft 11 in (22 m)
Weight on drivers 136,000 lb (62,000 kg)
Locomotive weight 243,600 lb (110,500 kg)
Tender weight 167,000 lb (76,000 kg)
Tender type 70P66
Tender capacity 7,000 US gal (26,000 l)
Boiler pressure 205 psi (1,413 kPa)
Heating surface:
– Firebox
218 sq ft (20 m2)
Superheater area 613 sq ft (57 m2)
Tractive effort 31,275 lbf (139 kN)
Career
Railroad(s) Pennsylvania Railroad
Class E6s
Nicknames "Lindbergh Engine"
Retired January 11, 1956
Restored 1982–1984, 2010–present
Current owner

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission

Official name: Passenger Locomotive No. 460
Designated: December 17, 1979
Part of: Pennsylvania Railroad Rolling Stock Thematic Resource
Reference No. 78001421[1]

PRR 460, nicknamed the "Lindbergh Engine", is a Pennsylvania Railroad E6s steam locomotive now located in the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, outside of Strasburg, Pennsylvania in the United States. It was built in 1914 and became famous after racing an aircraft to New York City carrying newsreels of Charles Lindbergh's return to the United States after his transatlantic flight in 1927. In the late 1930s, No. 460 was operated by the Long Island Rail Road, and the Pennsylvania–Reading Seashore Lines in the early 1950s, before being retired in 1953. No. 460 is the only surviving locomotive of its class and was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1979. Since mid-2010, 460 has been undergoing restoration at the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania.

Background[edit]

An experimental Model E6 was developed in 1910 and, after two other "sample" locomotives and four years of tests, it was found that the 4-4-2 Atlantic's speed equaled that of the larger 4-6-2 Pacific's.[2] An additional 80 E6 locomotives were ordered with superheaters and classified as the E6s.[2]

History[edit]

No. 460 was the last of the E6s model to be built, out of a total of 80 locomotives. From their construction in 1914 until 1920, the E6s ran mostly on the corridor between New York City and Washington, D.C.[3] After being replaced by the K4s model, the E6s locomotives were relegated to charter services because of their high speed.

After returning from Europe and his transatlantic flight on June 11, 1927, Charles Lindbergh was promoted to colonel and awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross by President Calvin Coolidge. Two rival newsreel companies, who were each vying to be the first to have their films of the ceremony shown in New York theaters, chartered a train and an aircraft, respectively, from Washington to New York City.[4] No. 460 headed up the charter train, pulling only its tender, a baggage car and a passenger car.[5] The train departed Washington at 1:14 PM and arrived at the Manhattan Transfer, outside of New York City, 2 hours and 56 minutes later.[3][6] The final leg, through the tunnels underneath the Hudson River, was completed by an electric DD1. No. 460 averaged 82.7 miles per hour (133.1 km/h) and attained a maximum speed of 115 miles per hour (185 km/h).[3][6] Even though the aircraft arrived in New York first, the film brought by No. 460 was in theaters hours before the other, thanks to a film processing lab on board the baggage car.[3]

After the race, No. 460 went back to its normal duties until March 1937, when it was loaned to the Long Island Rail Road. In January 1939, No. 460 was returned to the Pennsylvania, but was still occasionally used on Long Island as a "short term 'loaner'".[3] Starting in 1942, it hauled trains between Camden and Bay Head, New Jersey. In 1951, parts were taken of other E6s locomotives that were going to be scrapped: the drivers on the engineer's (right) side are from PRR 1565, the air reservoir on the fireman's (left) side was from PRR 690 and the reservoir on the engineer's side was from PRR 782.[7] 460's tender was replaced in 1952 with one from 1565; the original tender had been transferred to maintenance-of-way service.[8] 460 was leased to the Pennsylvania–Reading Seashore Lines in 1953 before being retired in 1955 and added to the Pennsylvania's collection of historic locomotives in Northumberland, Pennsylvania.

Preservation[edit]

No. 460 was moved from Northumberland in October 1969 to the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania in Strasburg. Although a part of the museum, it was not owned by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission until it was officially donated to the museum in December 1979, by the Penn Central Transportation Company, which received ownership when the Pennsylvania was merged with the New York Central Railroad. No. 460 was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on December 17, 1979. From 1982 to 1984, volunteers at the museum cleaned the locomotive, replaced wooden window frames and doors, applied rust inhibitor primer and repainted the metal. The locomotive's "asbestos lagging" was removed in 2008.[3] A $400,000 restoration, lasting 3 to 4 years, is planned and is expected to start once an unrelated project at the museum is completed in the summer of 2011.[9] 460 was moved into the museum restoration shops on March 17, 2010 after raising $50,000 and receiving an additional $50,000 donation. From July to August 2010, 460 was "blasted" to remove the several layers of lead paint from the locomotive.[10] The blasting uncovered original timing marks and stamped numbers showing that the origins of some of the parts on 460 were cannibalized from other E6s locomotives.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved February 2, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Stauffer, Alvin W (1962). Pennsy Power. Carrollton, OH: Standard Print & Publishing. p. 126. LCCN 6220878 Check |lccn= value (help). 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "PRR E6s Atlantic No. 460, The Lindbergh Engine". Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania. Retrieved March 11, 2010. 
  4. ^ Hart & Zacher 1978, § 7 p. 5.
  5. ^ Hart & Zacher 1978, § 7 p. 6.
  6. ^ a b "Pictures rushed by plane and train". The New York Times. June 12, 1927. p. 16. 
  7. ^ Martin 2010, p. 14.
  8. ^ Martin 2010, p. 15.
  9. ^ Alexander, Larry (March 12, 2010). "Grants wrap up 1 project, start 2nd at Railroad Museum". Intelligencer Journal/Lancaster New Era. Retrieved February 2, 2013. 
  10. ^ Martin 2010, pp. 13, 15.
  11. ^ Martin 2010, pp. 14–15.

Sources[edit]

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