PRR O1

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PRR O1
PRR O1.jpg
PRR official photo of #7850
Type and origin
Power type electric
Builder PRR Altoona Works[1]
Build date 1930–1931
Total produced 8
Specifications
Configuration 4-4-4
AAR wheel arr. 2-B-2
UIC classification 2'B2'
Leading wheel
diameter
36 in (910 mm)
Driver diameter 72 in (1,800 mm)
Trailing wheel
diameter
36 in (910 mm)
Wheelbase 40 ft (12 m) (overall)
10 ft (3.0 m) (fixed)[1]
Length 52 ft 8 in (16.05 m)[2]
Width 10 ft 6 in (3.20 m)[3]
Height 15 ft (4.6 m) (over locked-down pantographs)[2]
Axle load O1,O1b,O1c: 75,000 lb (34,000 kg)[3]
O1a: 78,000 lb (35,000 kg)[2]
Weight on drivers O1,O1b,O1c: 150,000 lb (68,000 kg)[3]
O1a: 156,000 lb (71,000 kg)[2]
Locomotive weight O1,O1b,O1c: 300,000 lb (140,000 kg)[1]
O1a: 309,400 lb (140,300 kg)[1]
Electric system(s) 11 kV 25 Hz AC[1]
Current collection
method
Pantograph
Traction motors 4 (2 per axle), power output each - O1: 500 hp (370 kW); O1a,O1c: 625 hp (466 kW); O1b: 550 hp (410 kW)[1]
Transmission AC current fed via transformer tap changers to paired motors driving geared quill drive[1]
Performance figures
Maximum speed 90 mph (140 km/h)[1]
Power output O1: 2,000 hp (1,500 kW); O1a,O1c: 2,500 hp (1,900 kW); O1b: 2,200 hp (1,600 kW)[1]
Tractive effort O1: 28,500 lbf (127 kN);
O1a,O1c: 37,500 lbf (167 kN);
O1b: 35,000 lbf (160 kN)[1]
Factor of
adhesion
O1: 5.26; O1a: 4.16; O1b: 4.29; O1c: 4.00
Train heating Steam generator
Locomotive brake Air
Train brakes Air
Safety systems Cab signalling
Career
Operator(s) Pennsylvania Railroad
Class 7850–7857
Retired 1948–49 (6), 1961 (2)
Disposition All scrapped

The Pennsylvania Railroad's class O1 comprised eight experimental boxcab electric locomotives[4] built in 1930 and 1931.[1] They had the wheel arrangement classified as 4-4-4 in the Whyte notation (UIC: 2'B2'; AAR: 2-B-2). Although successful, they were not powerful enough for the railroad's increasingly heavy trains. For production, the PRR chose to concentrate on the P5 class, effectively an enlarged and more powerful version of the O1 with an additional pair of driving wheels.

The eight locomotives were divided into four sub-classes — O1, O1a, O1b, and O1c.[5] Each sub-class was fitted with a different combination of traction motor power output and drive gear ratio. In addition, three O1 locomotives were fitted with General Electric equipment, three with Westinghouse, and two with Brown Boveri. The O1b locomotives used a Buchli drive system to link the traction motors to the driving wheels.

Class Numbers Motors Power Gear Ratio Maximum Tractive Effort Continuous Tractive Effort
O1 7850–1 4 × 500 hp (370 kW) 2,000 hp (1,500 kW) 31:91 28,500 lbf (127 kN) 13,200 lbf (59 kN) @ 56 mph (90 km/h)
O1a 7852–3 4 × 625 hp (466 kW) 2,500 hp (1,900 kW) 36:103 37,500 lbf (167 kN) 14,900 lbf (66 kN) @ 63 mph (101 km/h)
O1b 7854–5 4 × 550 hp (410 kW) 2,200 hp (1,600 kW) 49:114 35,000 lbf (160 kN) 17,800 lbf (79 kN) @ 46 mph (74 km/h)
O1c 7856–7 4 × 625 hp (466 kW) 2,500 hp (1,900 kW) 31:91 37,500 lbf (167 kN) 14,900 lbf (66 kN) @ 63 mph (101 km/h)

They were generally employed in pairs by sub-class, generally on short-distance passenger trains between Newark, New Jersey and New York City's Pennsylvania Station. During World War II they were used on the "Susquehannock" between Harrisburg, Pennsylvania and New York City. Later in life, they were used for transfer work around Penn Station and Sunnyside Yard, mostly hauling empty passenger stock. They were all out of service and scrapped by the mid 1960s.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Barris, Wes (2007). "The O-1". Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  2. ^ a b c d Pennsylvania Railroad (1932-08-18). "PRR Equipment Diagrams: Tracing #E-93844: O1a". PRR.Railfan.net. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  3. ^ a b c Pennsylvania Railroad (1933-09-27). "PRR Equipment Diagrams: O1, O1b, O1c". PRR.Railfan.net. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  4. ^ Staufer, Alvin F. (1962). Pennsy Power: Steam and Electric Locomotives of the Pennsylvania Railroad, 1900–1957. Alvin F. Staufer. 
  5. ^ Schafer, Mike; Brian Solomon (1997). Pennsylvania Railroad. Osceola, WI: MotorBooks International. p. 10. ISBN 0760303797. OCLC 36676055.