Socialist Party of the Basque Country – Basque Country Left
|Socialist Party of the Basque Country – Basque Country Left|
|Headquarters||c/ Alameda de Rekalde 27, 4ª planta
|National affiliation||Spanish Socialist Workers' Party|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
|European affiliation||Party of European Socialists|
|European Parliament group||Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats|
|Politics of Basque Country
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Socialist Party of the Basque Country – Basque Country Left (Basque: Euskadiko Alderdi Sozialista – Euskadiko Ezkerra, Spanish: Partido Socialista de Euskadi – Euskadiko Ezkerra, PSE-EE) is a social-democratic political party in the Basque country that acts as the regional affiliate of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE). Although local Socialist groups had been active since 1886, and many affiliated with the PSOE (being Biscay one of the strongholds of Spanish social democracy, along with Madrid and Asturias), the PSE was actually established as a branch of the main party only in 1977, during the Spanish transition to democracy.
During the violent years of the 1980s in the Basque Country, mid- and high-ranking party officials held government positions in Spain and the region, as civil governors. The Basque nationalist left—Herri Batasuna and related groups—denounced during that period the collusion of the party with police abuses—especially pointing to the Guardia Civil—and in early 1984 blamed directly the Socialists for the state terrorism of the GAL death squads (1984-1987).
In early 1990s some of them were eventually convicted for their participation on it. Ricardo Damborenea, head of the party in Biscay, even confessed on a press release to his involvement in the criminal pursuit in the early 1990s. All of them have been released from prison way earlier than their due term without apologising for their illegal actions—Damborenea nowadays gets a hefty monthly allowance from the Spanish state.
Initially in a close alliance with the Basque Country Left (EE), a party connected with Basque nationalism, begun in 1991 with a move promoted by the respective secretaries - Ramón Jáuregui for the PSE and Mario Onaindia for the EE. It aimed to become the major Basque force in the 1993 election. The fusion of the two groups was made possible by the split of Basque Left from EE: prepared by the leadership of Nicolás Redondo Terreros (1998–2002), it was confirmed with the mandate of Patxi López in 2002.
During the 2012 elections to the parliament of the Basque Autonomous Community, the PSE-EE came up third in number of MPs (16), lagging behind the Basque Nationalist Party and EH Bildu. Throughout its recent history, it fluctuated between second and third, depending on the success of the People's Party or the Abertzale Left).
- Gabriel Gatti; Ignacio Irazuzta; Iñaki Martínez de Albeniz (1 January 2005). Basque Society: Structures, Institutions, and Contemporary Life. University of Nevada Press. pp. 177–. ISBN 978-1-877802-25-6.
- "Dirigentes de Herri Batasuna relacionan a altos funcionarios policiales con los GAL". El País. 4 January 1984.
- "Juicio por el secuestro de Segundo Marey". El Mundo.
- "Más de 2,5 millones al año en pensiones y complementos". Público. 9 September 2011.