Motor Torpedo Boat PT 617

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PT Boat at Battleship Cove.JPG
PT-617
Career (USA)
Name: PT-617
Builder: Electric Launch Company
Laid down: 29 March 1945
Launched: 28 July 1945
Completed: 21 September 1945
Out of service: 28 January 1946
Nickname: Big Red Cock, Dragon Lady
Status: Museum ship from 1 September 1985
General characteristics
Displacement: 55 long tons (56 t)
Length: 80 ft (24 m)
Beam: 20 ft (6.1 m)
Draft: 5 ft 6 in (1.68 m)
Installed power: 3 × 1,350 shp (1,007 kW) Packard 4M-2500 12-cylinder engines
Propulsion: 3 shafts
Speed: 40 knots (74 km/h; 46 mph)
Range: 500 nmi (930 km; 580 mi)
Armament:
PT 617
Motor Torpedo Boat PT 617 is located in Massachusetts
Motor Torpedo Boat PT 617
Location Battleship Cove, Fall River, Massachusetts
Coordinates 41°42′19″N 71°9′48″W / 41.70528°N 71.16333°W / 41.70528; -71.16333Coordinates: 41°42′19″N 71°9′48″W / 41.70528°N 71.16333°W / 41.70528; -71.16333
Built 1945
Architect Electric Boat Co.
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 89002465
Significant dates
Added to NRHP 20 December 1989[1]
Designated NHL 20 December 1989[2]

PT 617, also known as Torpedo Boat PT-617, Big Red Cock and Dragon Lady, "is the sole surviving 80' Elco type PT boat and represents the USA's most heavily used, highly favored, and combat-tested PT boat type in World War II."[2] She is a museum ship at the PT Boat Museum in Fall River, Massachusetts. The 80-foot (24 m) Elco type boat was the predominant type and is the same type as the famous PT-109 commanded by John F. Kennedy; the 78-foot (24 m) "Higgins" boat is the other type.

PT-617 was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1989.[2][3]

Design[edit]

PT-617 is a PT-103-class ELCO motor torpedo boat. The hull was constructed of two layers of mahogany planking laid diagonally over laminated spruce, white oak, and mahogany frames, reinforced with longitudinal battens, secondary transverse frames, and clamps. A layer of fabric, impregnated with marine glue, was laid between the two layers of planking.[3]

The boat had a displacement of 55 long tons (56 t) (fully loaded) and was 80 ft (24 m) in length, with a beam of 20 ft (6.1 m), and a draft of 5 ft 6 in (1.68 m). Her three liquid-cooled, supercharged, 12-cylinder 1,350 shp (1,007 kW) Packard 4M-2500 engines each drove a single shaft, giving the boat a top speed of 40 knots (74 km/h; 46 mph). With a full load of 3,000 gallons (9 tons) of high octane aviation fuel she had a maximum cruising radius of 500 nautical miles (930 km; 580 mi).[3]

PT-617 was very heavily armed for her size with four 22.5 in (570 mm) Mark 13 torpedoes, a 37 mm (1.5 in) and two 20 mm (0.79 in) guns in the bows, a Bofors 40 mm gun at the stern, and two twin .50 caliber M2 Browning machine guns in mounts each side of the cockpit. There were also two depth charges mounted on racks on the stern, along with a smoke generator. Two Mark 50 rocket launchers and a 60 mm (2.4 in) mortar were also installed. In addition the crew were issued with small arms, each man carrying a M1911.45 caliber pistol, and the boat carried a .30 caliber Browning Automatic Rifle, M1903 Springfield .30-06 bolt-action rifles, .45 caliber Thompson submachine guns, 3-inch rockets, and Mk 2 grenades.[3]

Ship history[edit]

PT-617 was built by the Electric Launch Company of Bayonne, New Jersey. Laid down on 29 March 1945, and launched on 28 July, she was not completed until 21 September, after the end of the war. The boat was assigned to MTB Squadron 42 and slated for service with the Pacific Fleet, but this was later cancelled. The boat was placed out of service on 28 January 1946, and finally sold on 23 October 1947.[4]

In private hands the boat served as a yacht, and as a salvage[clarification needed] and as a diving platform. She was bought by PT Boats, Inc. in 1979, and after restoration to her World War II configuration officially went on display on 1 September 1985.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b c "PT 617". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 
  3. ^ a b c d Delgado, James P. (28 June 1989). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Motor Torpedo Boat PT 617 / "Big Red Cock," Dragon Lady" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-09-11.  and
    "Accompanying six photos, exterior and interior, from 1945, 1989, and undated" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-09-11. 
  4. ^ Radigan, Joseph M. "PT-617". navsource.org. Retrieved 2012-06-09. 
  5. ^ "PT-617". Historic Naval Ships Association. Retrieved 2012-06-09. 

External links[edit]