PZL-130 Orlik

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PZL-130 Orlik
PZL-130 Orlik 2b.jpg
Role trainer
National origin Poland
Manufacturer PZL Warszawa-Okecie
First flight 24 October 1984
Introduction 1994
Primary user Polish Air Force
Number built 50 + 9 prototypes

The PZL 130 Orlik (English: Eaglet) is a Polish turboprop, single engine, two seat trainer.

Development and design[edit]

The Orlik was designed by PZL Warszawa-Okecie as a trainer for the Polish Air Force, intended as a replacement for its PZL-110 Kolibers. It was also designed to meet the American FAR 23 standard. The project was under the supervision of Andrzej Frydrychewicz, head engineer of PZL Warszawa-Okecie. It was fitted with a low-aspect ratio wing to better simulate the handling characteristics of jet fighters.[1] The aircraft was designed to be powered by a Soviet-designed and built Vedeneyev M14Pm radial engine with the intention of replacing it by a modified Polish built Ivchenko AI-14 engine in production aircraft.[2] The first prototype Orlik flew on 12 October 1984, with a second prototype following in December and a third in January 1985.[2]

While the Polish Air Force planned to power its Orliks with locally produced radial engines, PZL planned a turboprop powered version, the PZL-130T Turbo Orlik for export purposes.[3] The third prototype was therefore re-fitted with a 410 kW (550 shp) Pratt & Whitney PT6A-25P turboprop, flying in this form on 13 July 1986, but was destroyed in a crash in January 1987 while being demonstrated to a representative of the Colombian Air Force.[4] Two further turboprop prototypes followed in 1989 and 1990, powered by a Czech-built 560 kW (750 shp) Walter M-601E and a PT6A-25 as the PZL-130TB and PZL-130TP respectively.[5]

In 1990, development of the piston-engined Orlik was abandoned, as the Polish built radial engines gave insufficient power, with Polish interest switching to the M-601 powered PZL-130TB.[5]

Operational history[edit]

Deliveries of PZL-130TBs to the Polish started in 1994, with the aircraft equipping the Military Pilot Academy at Dęblin and the 60th Training Air Regiment at Radom. All of Poland's PZL-130TBs were upgraded to TC-1 standard, with better ejection seats and avionics.[6]

Variants[edit]

PZL 130 TC-1
PZL-130 TC-2
PZL-130 Orlik
The original aircraft with one Vedeneyev M14Pm piston engine
PZL-130T Turbo Orlik
Variant with a Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-25P turboprop engine
PZL-130TM Orlik
Variant with a Walter M601E turboprop engine
PZL-130TB Orlik
Variant with a Walter M601T turboprop engine
PZL-130TC I Orlik
Variant with added Martin-Baker Mk.11, zero-zero class ejection seats and modernized avionics
PZL-130TC II Orlik
Variant with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-25C turboprop, added winglets, modernized avionics and changed tutor's seat position
PZL-130TC III Orlik
Variant with modernized avionics (for example: added Head-Up Display)

Operators[edit]

 Poland

Specifications (PZL-130TC II Orlik)[edit]

PZL 130 Orlik.svg

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 9.3 m (30 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 10 m (32 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 3.53 m (11 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 14.56 m2 (156.7 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,825 kg (4,023 lb)
  • Gross weight: 2,400 kg (5,291 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 2,950 kg (6,504 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-25C turboprop, 560 kW (750 shp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 550 km/h (342 mph; 297 kn)
  • Cruising speed: 490 km/h (304 mph; 265 kn)
  • Range: 2,200 km (1,367 mi; 1,188 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 10,000 m (32,808 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 14.4 m/s (2,830 ft/min)

Armament

  • Hardpoints: 6 with a capacity of 700 kg (1,500 lb),

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ Air International October 1985, pp. 167–170.
  2. ^ a b Air International October 1985, p.170.
  3. ^ Air International October 1985, p.172.
  4. ^ Taylor 1988, pp. 195–196.
  5. ^ a b Lambert 1993, p.246.
  6. ^ Taylor 1999, pp. 48–49.
  • Lambert, Mark. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993-94. Coulsdon, UK:Jane's Data Division, 1993. ISBN 0-7106-1066-1.
  • "Orlik…A Polish Fledgeling". Air International, October 1985, Vol 29 No 4. pp. 167–172. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1988-89. Coulsdon, UK:Jane's Defence Data, 1988. ISBN 0-7106-0867-5.
  • Taylor, Michael J.H. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000. London: Brassey's, 1999. ISBN 1-85753-245-7.

External links[edit]