PZL Bielsko SZD-55

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SZD-55
Glider SZD-55-1.jpg
An SZD-55 at SOSA Gliding Club, Rockton_Airport
Role Standard-class sailplane
National origin Poland
Manufacturer PZL Bielsko
Designer mgr inż. Tadeusz Łabuć
First flight 15 August 1988
Introduction 1988
Status in production
Number built ~110
Developed from SZD 48M "Bravo"

The PZL Bielsko SZD-55 is a Standard Class sailplane produced by PZL Bielsko since 1988. It was built in direct competition with the Schempp-Hirth Discus. The SZD-55 is still in production with approximately 20 registered in the United States.

Design and development[edit]

The SZD-55 is built of fiberglass and has an elliptical wing. It has top surface Schempp-Hirth type airbrakes. It is a glider with pleasant handling [1] that is easy to assemble, due to automatic controls hookup. With an empty weight of about 215 kg, it is the lightest of the current standard class gliders and is known for its excellent climbing and thermalling characteristics.[2] The SZD-55 has a fairly cambered wing-section and performs well at lower speeds, but with plenty of water ballast (it can take 200 liters) it can also keep up well at higher speeds.

Main designer of the SZD-55 was mgr Tadeusz Łabuć. Since the mid-eighties, the best glider in the standard class was undoubtedly the German standard Discus, whose excellent performance was attributed to its unusual triple trapeze wing shape. So it was logical to adopt a similar idea for use of this outline of the new construction: the elliptical contour of the wing leading edge. Documentation of the glider was developed in 1987 same as prototypes for factory numbers X-144 (SP-P501) and X-145 (SP-P502) and flew 15.08.1988 and 03.01.1989 by January Roman.

Despite enormous difficulties in obtaining advanced materials (carbon fabric, kevlar) and the need for glass-epoxy laminates, the manufacturer managed to create a glider with an unladen weight of just over 200 kg. Klaus Holighaus, one of the finest manufacturers of gliders (Nimbus and Discus family) stated that if using a fiberglass technology PZL Bielsko factory reached less weight than gliders constructed using carbon fiber and Kevlar that means that they developed a new technology.[3] This technology was later improved upon during the design and building of the SZD-56 Diana.

Specifications[edit]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Capacity: 195 kg (429 lb) of water ballast, plus 6 kg (13 lb) in tail
  • Length: 6.41 m (21 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 15.00 m (49 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 1.30 m (4 ft 3 in)
  • Wing area: 9.6 m2 (103 ft2)
  • Aspect ratio: 23.4
  • Empty weight: ca. 215 kg (473 lb)
  • Gross weight: 500 kg (1,100 lb)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 255 km/h (159 mph)
  • Maximum glide ratio: ca. 44.1
  • Rate of sink: 0.53 m/s (106 ft/min)

See also[edit]

Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ Polskie Szybowce 1945-2011 Problemy rozwoju - ISBN978-83-932826-0-9
  2. ^ Polskie Szybowce 1945-2011 Problemy rozwoju - ISBN978-83-932826-0-9
  3. ^ Polskie szybowce 1945-2011 - Problemy rozwoju - ISBN 978-83-932826-0-9