Pa (Javanese)

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pa
Aksara nglegena Aksara pasangan
Javanese script
Latin ortography pa
Phoneme [p]
Unicode U+A9A5

is one of syllable in Javanese script that represent the sound /pɔ/, /pa/. It is transliterated to Latin as "pa", and sometimes in Indonesian orthography as "po". It has another form (pasangan), which is ◌꧀ꦥ, but represented by a single Unicode code point, U+A9A5.[1][2][3]

Pasangan[edit]

It's pasangan form ◌꧀ꦥ, is one of six pasangan that's located on the right hand side of the previous syllable. Therefore it is allowed to write two pasangan at the time time without having to resort to use pangkon ().

The location of the sandhangan ꦶ, ꦼ, or ꦁ is on top the pasangan, not on the previous syllable. (See glyph table below)

Extended form[edit]

The letter ꦥ has a murda form, which is .

Using cecak telu (ꦥ꦳), the syllable represents /f/.

ꦥ with a cerek () is called Pa cerek.

Glyphs[edit]

Nglegena forms Pasangan forms
ꦥ pa ꦥꦃ pah ꦥꦁ pang ꦥꦂ par ◌꧀ꦥ -pa ◌꧀ꦥꦃ -pah ◌꧀ꦥꦁ -pang ◌꧀ꦥꦂ -par
ꦥꦺ pe ꦥꦺꦃ peh ꦥꦺꦁ peng ꦥꦺꦂ per ◌꧀ꦥꦺ -pe ◌꧀ꦥꦺꦃ -peh ◌꧀ꦥꦺꦁ -peng ◌꧀ꦥꦺꦂ -per
ꦥꦼ pê ꦥꦼꦃ pêh ꦥꦼꦁ pêng ꦥꦼꦂ pêr ◌꧀ꦥꦼ -pê ◌꧀ꦥꦼꦃ -pêh ◌꧀ꦥꦼꦁ -pêng ◌꧀ꦥꦼꦂ -pêr
ꦥꦶ pi ꦥꦶꦃ pih ꦥꦶꦁ ping ꦥꦶꦂ pir ◌꧀ꦥꦶ -pi ◌꧀ꦥꦶꦃ -pih ◌꧀ꦥꦶꦁ -ping ◌꧀ꦥꦶꦂ -pir
ꦥꦺꦴ po ꦥꦺꦴꦃ poh ꦥꦺꦴꦁ pong ꦥꦺꦴꦂ por ◌꧀ꦥꦺꦴ -po ◌꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦃ -poh ◌꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦁ -pong ◌꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦂ -por
ꦥꦸ pu ꦥꦸꦃ puh ꦥꦸꦁ pung ꦥꦸꦂ pur ◌꧀ꦥꦸ -pu ◌꧀ꦥꦸꦃ -puh ◌꧀ꦥꦸꦁ -pung ◌꧀ꦥꦸꦂ -pur
ꦥꦿ pra ꦥꦿꦃ prah ꦥꦿꦁ prang ꦥꦿꦂ prar ◌꧀ꦥꦿ -pra ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦃ -prah ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦁ -prang ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦂ -prar
ꦥꦿꦺ pre ꦥꦿꦺꦃ preh ꦥꦿꦺꦁ preng ꦥꦿꦺꦂ prer ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦺ -pre ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦺꦃ -preh ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦺꦁ -preng ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦺꦂ -prer
ꦥꦽ prê ꦥꦽꦃ prêh ꦥꦽꦁ prêng ꦥꦽꦂ prêr ◌꧀ꦥꦽ -prê ◌꧀ꦥꦽꦃ -prêh ◌꧀ꦥꦽꦁ -prêng ◌꧀ꦥꦽꦂ -prêr
ꦥꦿꦶ pri ꦥꦿꦶꦃ prih ꦥꦿꦶꦁ pring ꦥꦿꦶꦂ prir ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦶ -pri ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦶꦃ -prih ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦶꦁ -pring ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦶꦂ -prir
ꦥꦿꦺꦴ pro ꦥꦿꦺꦴꦃ proh ꦥꦿꦺꦴꦁ prong ꦥꦿꦺꦴꦂ pror ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦺꦴ -pro ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦺꦴꦃ -proh ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦺꦴꦁ -prong ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦺꦴꦂ -pror
ꦥꦿꦸ pru ꦥꦿꦸꦃ pruh ꦥꦿꦸꦁ prung ꦥꦿꦸꦂ prur ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦸ -pru ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦸꦃ -pruh ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦸꦁ -prung ◌꧀ꦥꦿꦸꦂ -prur
ꦥꦾ pya ꦥꦾꦃ pyah ꦥꦾꦁ pyang ꦥꦾꦂ pyar ◌꧀ꦥꦾ -pya ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦃ -pyah ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦁ -pyang ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦂ -pyar
ꦥꦾꦺ pye ꦥꦾꦺꦃ pyeh ꦥꦾꦺꦁ pyeng ꦥꦾꦺꦂ pyer ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦺ -pye ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦺꦃ -pyeh ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦺꦁ -pyeng ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦺꦂ -pyer
ꦥꦾꦼ pyê ꦥꦾꦼꦃ pyêh ꦥꦾꦼꦁ pyêng ꦥꦾꦼꦂ pyêr ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦼ -pyê ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦼꦃ -pyêh ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦼꦁ -pyêng ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦼꦂ -pyêr
ꦥꦾꦶ pyi ꦥꦾꦶꦃ pyih ꦥꦾꦶꦁ pying ꦥꦾꦶꦂ pyir ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦶ -pyi ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦶꦃ -pyih ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦶꦁ -pying ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦶꦂ -pyir
ꦥꦾꦺꦴ pyo ꦥꦾꦺꦴꦃ pyoh ꦥꦾꦺꦴꦁ pyong ꦥꦾꦺꦴꦂ pyor ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦺꦴ -pyo ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦺꦴꦃ -pyoh ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦺꦴꦁ -pyong ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦺꦴꦂ -pyor
ꦥꦾꦸ pyu ꦥꦾꦸꦃ pyuh ꦥꦾꦸꦁ pyung ꦥꦾꦸꦂ pyur ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦸ -pyu ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦸꦃ -pyuh ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦸꦁ -pyung ◌꧀ꦥꦾꦸꦂ -pyur
Other forms
Nglegena forms Pasangan forms
ꦥ꦳ fa ꦥ꦳ꦃ fah ꦥ꦳ꦁ fang ꦥ꦳ꦂ far ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ -fa ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦃ -fah ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦁ -fang ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦂ -far
ꦥ꦳ꦺ fe ꦥ꦳ꦺꦃ feh ꦥ꦳ꦺꦁ feng ꦥ꦳ꦺꦂ fer ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦺ -fe ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦺꦃ -feh ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦺꦁ -feng ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦺꦂ -fer
ꦥ꦳ꦼ fê ꦥ꦳ꦼꦃ fêh ꦥ꦳ꦼꦁ fêng ꦥ꦳ꦼꦂ fêr ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦼ -fê ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦼꦃ -fêh ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦼꦁ -fêng ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦼꦂ -fêr
ꦥ꦳ꦶ fi ꦥ꦳ꦶꦃ fih ꦥ꦳ꦶꦁ fing ꦥ꦳ꦶꦂ fir ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦶ -fi ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦶꦃ -fih ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦶꦁ -fing ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦶꦂ -fir
ꦥ꦳ꦺꦴ fo ꦥ꦳ꦺꦴꦃ foh ꦥ꦳ꦺꦴꦁ fong ꦥ꦳ꦺꦴꦂ for ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦺꦴ -fo ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦺꦴꦃ -foh ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦺꦴꦁ -fong ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦺꦴꦂ -for
ꦥ꦳ꦸ fu ꦥ꦳ꦸꦃ fuh ꦥ꦳ꦸꦁ fung ꦥ꦳ꦸꦂ fur ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦸ -fu ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦸꦃ -fuh ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦸꦁ -fung ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦸꦂ -fur
ꦥ꦳ꦿ fra ꦥ꦳ꦿꦃ frah ꦥ꦳ꦿꦁ frang ꦥ꦳ꦿꦂ frar ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿ -fra ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦃ -frah ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦁ -frang ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦂ -frar
ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺ fre ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺꦃ freh ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺꦁ freng ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺꦂ frer ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺ -fre ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺꦃ -freh ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺꦁ -freng ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺꦂ -frer
ꦥ꦳ꦽ frê ꦥ꦳ꦽꦃ frêh ꦥ꦳ꦽꦁ frêng ꦥ꦳ꦽꦂ frêr ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦽ -frê ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦽꦃ -frêh ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦽꦁ -frêng ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦽꦂ -frêr
ꦥ꦳ꦿꦶ fri ꦥ꦳ꦿꦶꦃ frih ꦥ꦳ꦿꦶꦁ fring ꦥ꦳ꦿꦶꦂ frir ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦶ -fri ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦶꦃ -frih ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦶꦁ -fring ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦶꦂ -frir
ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺꦴ fro ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦃ froh ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦁ frong ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦂ fror ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺꦴ -fro ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦃ -froh ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦁ -frong ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦂ -fror
ꦥ꦳ꦿꦸ fru ꦥ꦳ꦿꦸꦃ fruh ꦥ꦳ꦿꦸꦁ frung ꦥ꦳ꦿꦸꦂ frur ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦸ -fru ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦸꦃ -fruh ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦸꦁ -frung ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦿꦸꦂ -frur
ꦥ꦳ꦾ fya ꦥ꦳ꦾꦃ fyah ꦥ꦳ꦾꦁ fyang ꦥ꦳ꦾꦂ fyar ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾ -fya ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦃ -fyah ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦁ -fyang ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦂ -fyar
ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺ fye ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺꦃ fyeh ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺꦁ fyeng ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺꦂ fyer ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺ -fye ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺꦃ -fyeh ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺꦁ -fyeng ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺꦂ -fyer
ꦥ꦳ꦾꦼ fyê ꦥ꦳ꦾꦼꦃ fyêh ꦥ꦳ꦾꦼꦁ fyêng ꦥ꦳ꦾꦼꦂ fyêr ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦼ -fyê ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦼꦃ -fyêh ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦼꦁ -fyêng ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦼꦂ -fyêr
ꦥ꦳ꦾꦶ fyi ꦥ꦳ꦾꦶꦃ fyih ꦥ꦳ꦾꦶꦁ fying ꦥ꦳ꦾꦶꦂ fyir ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦶ -fyi ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦶꦃ -fyih ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦶꦁ -fying ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦶꦂ -fyir
ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺꦴ fyo ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦃ fyoh ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦁ fyong ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦂ fyor ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺꦴ -fyo ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦃ -fyoh ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦁ -fyong ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦂ -fyor
ꦥ꦳ꦾꦸ fyu ꦥ꦳ꦾꦸꦃ fyuh ꦥ꦳ꦾꦸꦁ fyung ꦥ꦳ꦾꦸꦂ fyur ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦸ -fyu ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦸꦃ -fyuh ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦸꦁ -fyung ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ꦾꦸꦂ -fyur

References[edit]

  1. ^ Campbell, George L. Compendium of the World's Languages. Vol. 1. New York: Routledge, 2000.
  2. ^ Soemarmo, Marmo. "Javanese Script." Ohio Working Papers in Linguistics and Language Teaching 14.Winter (1995): 69-103.
  3. ^ Daniels, Peter T and William Bright. The World's Writing Systems. Ed. Peter T Daniels and William Bright. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

See also[edit]

Javanese[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+A98x
U+A99x
U+A9Ax
U+A9Bx ꦿ
U+A9Cx
U+A9Dx
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 7.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points