Paasselkä

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Paasselkä
Location Southern Savonia, Finland
Coordinates 62°09′N 29°25′E / 62.150°N 29.417°E / 62.150; 29.417Coordinates: 62°09′N 29°25′E / 62.150°N 29.417°E / 62.150; 29.417
Type crater lake
Basin countries Finland
Max. length 13 km
Max. width 9 km
Max. depth 75 m
Surface elevation 60 m
Settlements Savonranta

Paasselkä (earlier Paasivesi, both names roughly mean 'Stone lake') is an oval-shaped lake formed in an eroded impact crater in Southern Savonia, Finland. The lake, which is a part of Orivesi, which is in turn part of the Greater Saimaa, is devoid of islands which makes it different from other lakes in the region. Paasselkä is also unusually deep, 75 m at the deepest point.

The Paasselkä impact occurred about 231 million years ago (Carnian time stage of the Triassic) and affected Paleoproterozoic crystalline rocks and some overlying sandstones of the Baltic Shield. Because of the unusual shape and associated magnetic anomalies, Paasselkä was suspected to have an impact origin long until it was confirmed after a deep drilling in 1999 making it the ninth known impact crater in Finland. Unlike many Finnish craters, it does not seem to have been buried under layers of sediment.[1]

Light phenomenon[edit]

Paasselän pirut, or Paasselkä devils, is a claimed will-o'-the-wisp phenomenon which sometimes occurs at the lake and the marsh and forest area in the immediate vicinity. One has described the light as a ball that moves at different speeds, or are completely at rest, and sometimes there are several spheres. The phenomenon has been known for a long time, written down from the 18th century but has been there "always", and is part of the local folk tales, which have given the name "devils". The locals thought the shining spheres were created by evil beings. The magnetic anomalies in connection with the impact crater might be related to the phenomenon.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Pesonen, L. J.; Kuivasaari, T.; Lehtinen, M.; Elo, S. (1999). "Paasselkä: A New Meteorite Impact Structure in Eastern Finland". Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34: A90 – A91. Bibcode:1999M&PSA..34R..90P. 
  • Schmieder, M.; Moilanen, J.; Buchner, E. (2008). "Impact melt rocks from the Paasselkä impact structure (SE Finland): Petrography and geochemistry". Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43 (7): 1189–1200. Bibcode:2008M&PS...43.1189S. doi:10.1111/j.1945-5100.2008.tb01122.x. 

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