Pabasa (ritual)

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Pabása ng Pasyón (Tagalog for "Reading of the Passion"), known simply as Pabása is a Catholic devotion in the Philippines popular during Holy Week involving the uninterrupted chanting of the Pasyón, an early 16th-century epic poem narrating the life, passion, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.[1]

Description[edit]

Readers are usually groups of individuals taking turns in chanting verses from the book known as the Pasyon, as a devotion made in fulfilment of a panatà (vow or votive offering in request or thanksgiving).[1] The modern-day Pabasa may be chanted a capella or with the accompaniment of musical instruments such as the guitar, accordion, piano, or by a rondalla ensemble.

There are two common styles of chanting, the first of which is the alternate singing of two persons or two groups of people. The second method has each chanter or group of chanters taking turns in singing the stanzas.

Origins[edit]

Before evolving into the contemporary ritual, early forms of the Pabasa were introduced to the various indigenous peoples of the archipelago by Spanish friars spreading the Roman Catholic faith.[2] Over the period of Spanish colonial rule from the late 16th century until 1898, indigenous Filipinos adapted the religious chanting of the Spanish priests and incorporated it to the ancient custom of singing epics during celebrations. The vocal singing style has in many ways, preserved the pre-Hispanic singing techniques of the main groups of the country, like the Tagalog, Ilocano and Visayan ethnic groups.[3]

Duration[edit]

The reading and chanting ritual, which is more common in rural areas, may be sponsored by local religious organisations. The Pabasa is done continuously day and night and usually lasts for three consecutive days.[4] The Pabasa may begin on Holy Monday, the second day of Holy Week;[4] or it may also start in the afternoon of Maundy Thursday.[1] If started on Holy Thursday, the pabasa usually ends on the morning of Good Friday.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Pazzibugan, Dona. "‘Pabasa’ is for meditating, not loud wailing". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  2. ^ "Pabasa in New Jersey". Philippine News. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  3. ^ "Pabasa, Golgotha Part of Bangus Festival 2011". Dagupan City Bangus Festival 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Hermoso, Christina. "'Pabasa' begins this Monday". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 

External links[edit]