|Pablo S. Antonio|
January 25, 1901|
|Died||June 14, 1975(aged 74)|
|Alma mater||University of London|
|Awards||National Artist of the Philippines (1976)|
|Buildings||Ideal Theater, Life Theater,
Manila Polo Club
|Projects||Far Eastern University Campus|
Pablo S. Antonio (January 25, 1901 – June 14, 1975) was a Filipino architect. A pioneer of modern Philippine architecture, he was recognized in some quarters as the foremost Filipino modernist architect of his time. He was conferred the rank and title of National Artist of the Philippines by President Ferdinand Marcos in 1976.
Antonio was born in Binondo, Manila in 1901. He was orphaned by the age of 12, and had to work in the daytime in order to finish his high school education at night. He studied architecture at the Mapua Institute of Technology but dropped out of school in order to assist in the design and construction of the Legislative Building (now, the National Museum of the Philippines).
Ramon Arevalo, the engineer in charge of the Legislative Building project, funded Antonio's education at the University of London. He completed a five-year architecture course in three years, graduating in 1927.
Antonio first came into prominence in 1933 with the construction of the Ideal Theater along Avenida Rizal in Manila. His work caught the eye of the founder of the Far Eastern University in Manila, Nicanor Reyes, Sr., who was looking to build a school campus that was modern in style. Between 1938 to 1950, he designed several buildings on the university campus in the Art Deco style. The FEU campus is considered as the largest ensemble of surviving Art Deco architecture in Manila, and in 2005, it received an Honorable Mention citation from the UNESCO for the body's 2005 Asia-Pacific Heritage Awards for Culture Heritage Conservation.
Antonio also designed the White Cross Sanitarium (1938) along Santolan Road in San Juan City, and the Manila Polo Club (1950) in Makati City. He likewise designed the Ramon Roces Publications Building (now Guzman Institute of Electronics) in Soler Street in Manila, the Capitan Luis Gonzaga Building, and the Boulevard-Alhambra (now called Bel-Air) Apartments Building in Roxas Boulevard & where Manila Bay Hostel is located on the 4th floor, this Bel-Air Apartments is near T. M. Kalaw Avenue & beside Miramar Hotel. Bel-Air Apartments building was designed by Pablo Santonio and built in 1937.
Apart from the Ideal Theater, Antonio also designed several other theaters in Manila, including the Life Theater, the Scala Theater, the Lyric Theater, and the Galaxy Theater. As of 2008, only the Galaxy Theater remains standing, though it is threatened with demolition.
Antonio's architecture and its adoption of Art Deco techniques was radical for its day, neoclassicism being the dominant motif of Philippine architecture when he began his career. His style was noted for its simplicity and clean structural design. He was cited for taking Philippine architecture into a new direction, with "clean lines, plain surfaces, and bold rectangular masses." Antonio strove to make each building unique, avoiding obvious trademarks.
Antonio was also conscious of adapting his buildings to the tropical climate of the Philippines. In order to highlight natural light and also avoid rain seepage, he utilized sunscreens, slanted windows and other devices.
Antonio himself has been quoted as stating that "buildings should be planned with austerity in mind and its stability forever as the aim of true architecture, that buildings must be progressive, simple in design but dignified, true to a purpose without resorting to an applied set of aesthetics and should eternally recreate truth" .
- Rodrigo D. Perez (1994). "Philippine Architecture". In Nicanor Tiongson. CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Art III (1st ed.). Manila: Cultural Center of the Philippines. p. 298. ISBN 971-8546-26-X.
- CCP Encyclopedia, p. 298
- "Culture Profile: Pablo Antonio". National Commission for the Culture and Arts. Archived from the original on 2008-03-17. Retrieved 2008-04-12.
- Augusto Villalon (2007-03-19). "Monumental legacy". Pride of Place (Philippine Daily Inquirer). Retrieved 2008-04-12.
- Vicky Veloso-Barrera (2006-09-11). "National Artist Pablo S. Antonio: Architecture that speaks". Daily Tribune.
- Ivan Man Dy (2007-06-24). "Manila confidential". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2008-04-12.
- "UNESCO Hails FEU for Heritage Conservation". National Commission for the Culture and Arts. 2005-09-30. Archived from the original on 2008-03-29. Retrieved 2008-04-12.
- Jerome Aning (2007-05-20). "Preservation, modernity come together in Manila". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2008-04-12.