Pablo Vicente de Solá
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|Pablo Vicente de Solá|
|Governor of Alta California|
|Preceded by||José Darío Argüello|
|Succeeded by||Luis Antonio Argüello|
Pablo Vicente de Solá, (1761–1826), was a Basque Spanish colonial governor of Spanish Alta California 1815-1822, the last under the Viceroyalty of New Spain. He was born in Mondragón, Gipuzkoa (Spain).
Solá granted in 1821 the 3,127-acre (1,265 ha) Rancho Rincon de los Bueyes to Bernardo Higuera and Cornelio Lopez. It lay in present day Los Angeles County, California, encompassing contemporary Cheviot Hills, Rancho Park, the northeast extension of Culver City, and a small section of Baldwin Hills with Ballona Creek.
Other Spanish land grants of Solá include:
- Rancho La Puente
- Rancho El Conejo
- Rancho Los Tularcitos
- Rancho Bolsa del Potrero y Moro Cojo
- Rancho San Antonio (Peralta)
- Rancho Vega del Rio del Pajaro
New Spain ceases
Solá served under the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The viceroyalty ceased to exist after its 1821 defeat in the Mexican War of Independence; the First Mexican Empire replaced it. The transfer of Spanish California to Mexico rule was completed with little disruption, and Solá himself presided over the official ceremony (1821).
News of Mexico's victory slowly reached north to Alta California, and not until 1822 did Luis Antonio Argüello replace Solá as the Mexican provisional governor, and then as the first appointed Mexican colonial governor. Argüello was also the first native-born Californian to govern the state.
Solá kept in line with Borica's Enlightenment outlook. He imported schoolteachers and he even supported two of them with his personal funding.
During his term in office, another Basque, Vicente Francisco de Sarría, was the president of the California missions. However, their relationship was not as close as that of Diego de Borica and Lasuén, due to their differing stance on contemporary events affecting the Basque Country and Spain.
- Douglass, William A.; Bilbao, Jon (1975(2005)). Amerikanuak: Basques in the New World. Reno, NV: University of Nevada Press. p. 194. ISBN 0-87417-625-5. Retrieved 16 February 2014. Check date values in:
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Rancho Rincon de los Bueyes