Pacific-12 Conference

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Pacific-12 Conference
(Pac-12)
Pacific-12 Conference logo
Established 1959; 55 years ago (1959)
1915; 99 years ago (1915)
(as Pacific Coast Conference)
Association NCAA
Division Division I FBS
Members 12
Sports fielded 23 (men's: 11; women's: 12)
Region
Former names Pacific Coast Conference
(PCC, 1915–1959)
Athletic Association of Western Universities (AAWU, 1959–68)
Pacific-8 (1968–78)
Pacific-10 (1978–2011)
Headquarters San Francisco, California
Commissioner Larry Scott (since 2009)
Website www.pac-12.com
Locations
Pacific-12 Conference locations

The Pacific-12 Conference (Pac-12) is a collegiate athletic conference that operates in the Western United States. It participates in the NCAA's Division I; its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS; formerly Division I-A), the higher of two levels of NCAA Division I football competition. The conference's 12 members, which are primarily flagship research universities in their respective regions, well-regarded academically, and with relatively large student enrollment, compete in 22 NCAA sports. It was created after the disbanding of the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC), whose principal members founded the Athletic Association of Western Universities (AAWU) in 1959, and went by the names Big Five, Big Six, Pacific-8, Pacific-10, and became the Pacific-12 in 2011.

Nicknamed the "Conference of Champions," the Pac-12 has won more NCAA National Team Championships than any other conference in history; the three schools with the most NCAA team championships belong to the Pac-12 (UCLA, Stanford, and USC, in that order). With Arizona State's softball title in 2011, the conference won its 400th NCAA Championship.

The current commissioner of the conference is Larry Scott who replaced Thomas C. Hansen, who retired in July 2009 after 26 years in that position.[1] Prior to joining the Pac-10, Scott was Chairman and CEO of the Women's Tennis Association.[2]

Member schools[edit]

Full members[edit]

The Pac-12 has twelve full member institutions. Football currently is the only sport where the conference is divided evenly into two geographic divisions, the North Division and the South Division. The Pac-12 spans six states in the Western United States: Arizona, California, Colorado, Oregon, Utah, and Washington.

Unusual for a major conference, the Pac-12's members are spread evenly between 3 regions, with 4 schools each in California, the Pacific Northwest, and the Four Corners region.

Institution Location
(Population)
Founded Joined Type Enrollment Endowment [3] Nickname Colors Varsity Teams NCAA Team
Championships [4]
University of Arizona Tucson, Arizona
(520,116)
1885 1978 Public 40,223 [5] $563,655,000 Wildcats           [6] 22 18
Arizona State University Tempe, Arizona
(161,719)
1885 1978 Public 59,794 [7] $500,667,000 Sun Devils           [8] 23 23
University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, California
(112,580)
1868 1915 Public 36,142 [9] $3,031,896,000 [10] Golden Bears           [11] 30 34
University of California, Los Angeles Los Angeles, California
(3,729,621)
1919 1928 Public 40,675 [12] $2,590,000,000 Bruins           [13] 26 112
University of Colorado Boulder Boulder, Colorado
(97,385)
1876 2011 Public 31,702 [14] $1,500,000,000 Buffaloes                [15] 17 26
University of Oregon Eugene, Oregon
(156,323)
1876 1915 Public 24,447 [16] $600,000,000[17] Ducks           [18] 20 28
Oregon State University Corvallis, Oregon
(54,460)
1868 1915 Public 26,393 [19] $403,606,000 Beavers           [20] 18 3
University of Southern California Los Angeles, California
(3,729,621)
1880 1922 Private 38,010 [21] $3,488,933,000 Trojans           [22] 21 98
Stanford University Stanford, California
(13,809)
1891 1918 Private 19,945 [23] $17,035,804,000 Cardinal           [24] 37 106
University of Utah Salt Lake City, Utah
(186,440)
1850 2011 Public 32,388 [25] $670,411,000 Utes           [26] 20 20
University of Washington Seattle, Washington
(612,100)
1861 1915 Public 43,762 [27] $2,111,332,000 Huskies           [28] 22 6
Washington State University Pullman, Washington
(29,799)
1890 1917 Public 21,406 [29] $737,409,000 Cougars           [30] 17 2

Affiliate members[edit]

The Pac-12 has five affiliate member institutions, four in California and Boise State University in Idaho.

Institution Location Founded Joined Type Enrollment Nickname Colors Primary Conference Pac-12 Sports
Boise State University Boise, Idaho 1932 1987-88 Public 19,667 Broncos           [31] Mountain West Wrestling
California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo, California 1901 2010-11m.sw;
1986-87wr.
Public 19,777 Mustangs           [32] Big West Men's swimming & diving;
Wrestling
California State University, Bakersfield Bakersfield, California 1965 1987-88 Public 8,002 Roadrunners           [33] WAC Wrestling
San Diego State University San Diego, California 1897 2005-06 Public 34,500 Aztecs           [34] Mountain West Men's soccer
University of California, Santa Barbara Santa Barbara, California 1909 2010-11 Public 20,559 Gauchos           [35] Big West Men's swimming & diving
Note

Cal State Bakersfield initially announced it would become a men's soccer affiliate starting in 2013,[36] but never went through with those plans, accepting an invitation to become an all-sports member of the Western Athletic Conference, which sponsors men's soccer, also in 2013. The school will maintain its Pac-12 affiliation in wrestling, which the WAC does not sponsor.[37]

Former members[edit]

No school has left the Pac-12 since its founding as the AAWU in 1959. Two members of the PCC were not invited to join the AAWU or its successors.

Institution Location Founded Joined Left Type Enrollment Nickname Colors Current Conference
University of Idaho Moscow, Idaho 1889 1922 1959 Public 11,957 Vandals           [38] Big Sky / Sun Belt (football only)
University of Montana Missoula, Montana 1893 1924 1950 Public 14,921 Grizzlies Maroon, Silver, & Light Gray
               [39]
Big Sky

Former affiliate members[edit]

Institution Location Founded Joined Left Type Enrollment Nickname Primary Conference Pac-12 Sports
University of California, Davis Davis, California 1905 1992-93 2009-10 Public 34,155 Aggies Big West Wrestling
California State University, Fresno Fresno, California 1911 1986-87 1990-91 Public 23,060 Bulldogs Mountain West Wrestling
California State University, Fullerton Fullerton, California 1957 1986-87 2010-11 Public 38,325 Titans Big West Wrestling
Portland State University Portland, Oregon 1946 1998-99 2008-09 Public 29,452 Vikings Big Sky Wrestling
San Jose State University San Jose, California 1857 1986-87 1987-88 Public 31,278 Spartans Mountain West Wrestling
Utah State University Logan, Utah 1888 1986-87 1988-89 Public 28,796 Aggies Mountain West Wrestling

Facilities[edit]

School Football stadium Capacity Basketball arena Capacity Baseball stadium Capacity
Arizona Arizona Stadium 56,037 [40] McKale Center 14,655 [41] Hi Corbett Field 9,500 [42]
Arizona State Frank Kush Field at Sun Devil Stadium 65,870 [43] Wells Fargo Arena 10,754 [44] Phoenix Municipal Stadium 8,775 [45]
California California Memorial Stadium 62,467 [46] Haas Pavilion 11,877 [47] Evans Diamond 2,500 [48]
Colorado Folsom Field 53,613 [49] Coors Events Center 11,064 [50] Non-baseball school
Oregon Rich Brooks Field at Autzen Stadium 54,000 [51] Matthew Knight Arena 12,346 [52] PK Park 3,600 [53]
Oregon State Reser Stadium 45,674 [54] Gill Coliseum 9,604 [55] Goss Stadium at Coleman Field 3,248 [56]
Stanford Stanford Stadium 50,424 [57] Maples Pavilion 7,233 [58] Klein Field at Sunken Diamond 4,000 [59]
UCLA Rose Bowl 91,936 [60] Pauley Pavilion 13,800 [61][62] Jackie Robinson Stadium 1,820 [63]
USC Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum 93,607 [64] Galen Center 10,258 [65] Dedeaux Field 2,500 [66]
Utah Rice–Eccles Stadium 45,807 [67] Jon M. Huntsman Center 15,000 [68] Smith's Ballpark 15,411 [69]
Washington Husky Stadium 70,138 [70] Hec Edmundson Pavilion 10,000 [71] Husky Ballpark 2,212 [72]
Washington State Martin Stadium 32,740 [73] Beasley Coliseum 11,671 [74] Bailey-Brayton Field 3,500 [75]

Key personnel[edit]

School Athletic Director Football coach (2013 salary) [76] Men's Basketball coach Women's Basketball coach Baseball coach
Arizona Greg Byrne Rich Rodriguez ($2,150,000) Sean Miller Niya Butts Andy Lopez
Arizona State Ray Anderson Todd Graham ($2,303,020) Herb Sendek Charli Turner Thorne Tracy Smith
California Sandy Barbour Sonny Dykes ($2,394,000) Cuonzo Martin Lindsay Gottlieb David Esquer
Colorado Rick George Mike MacIntyre ($2,403,500) Tad Boyle Linda Lappe No team
Oregon Rob Mullens Mark Helfrich ($1,800,000) Dana Altman Kelly Graves George Horton
Oregon State Bob De Carolis Mike Riley ($1,417,843) Wayne Tinkle Scott Rueck Pat Casey
Stanford Bernard Muir David Shaw (unpublished) Johnny Dawkins Tara VanDerveer Mark Marquess
UCLA Dan Guerrero Jim L. Mora ($2,300,000) Steve Alford Cori Close John Savage
USC Pat Haden Steve Sarkisian (new hire) Andy Enfield Cynthia Cooper-Dyke Dan Hubbs
Utah Chris Hill Kyle Whittingham ($2,427,100) Larry Krystkowiak Anthony Levrets Bill Kinneberg
Washington Scott Woodward Chris Petersen (new hire) Lorenzo Romar Mike Neighbors Lindsay Meggs
Washington State Bill Moos Mike Leach ($2,250,000) Ernie Kent June Daugherty Donnie Marbut

As private schools, Stanford and USC are not obligated to publish employees' salaries.

Academics[edit]

Eight of the twelve member schools are members of the Association of American Universities (AAU), including all of the conference's California schools.[77] The only FBS conference with more AAU members is the Big Ten with 13 out of 14 member institutions having AAU membership.

Additionally, these member schools are also highly ranked nationally and globally by various groups, including the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) and Times Higher Education World University Rankings (Times). As of 2014, four Pac-12 institutions are ranked in the top 20 universities in the world, the most out of all conferences outside the Ivy League with Stanford ranked 2nd, UC Berkeley ranked 4th (the highest ranking of any public university), UCLA ranked 12th, and the University of Washington ranked at 15th. In 2014, of the twelve member schools, nine were ranked in the top 100 universities in the world.[78]

Schools ranked by revenue[edit]

Total revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, food and novelties. Total expenses includes coaching/staff, scholarships, buildings/ground, maintenance, utilities and rental fees and all other costs including recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues and insurance costs. Net profit is calculated using the total revenue and total expenses data provided by USA Today, individual institutions and the United States Department of Education.[79]

Conference
Rank
(2012)
National
Rank
(2012)
Institution 2012
Total Revenue
from Athletics [80]
2012
Total Expenses
on Athletics [80]
1 16 University of Oregon $94,635,829 $89,709,350
2 24 University of Washington $82,594,783 $73,833,643
3 30 University of Arizona $78,024,219 $76,802,678
4 32 University of California, Los Angeles $71,731,776 $71,731,776
5 33 University of California, Berkeley $71,183,404 $68,578,362
6 40 Arizona State University $59,855,508 $65,587,903
7 43 Oregon State University $58,706,837 $57,819,032
8 49 University of Colorado $57,098,868 $54,257,246
9 59 Washington State University $42,729,548 $47,962,255
10 49 University of Utah $40,838,218 $43,719,503
Stanford University Not reported
(private university)
Not reported
(private university)
University of Southern California Not reported
(private university)
Not reported
(private university)

History[edit]

Locations of current Pac-12 Conference full member institutions.

Pacific Coast Conference[edit]

The roots of the Pacific-12 Conference go back to December 2, 1915, when the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC) was founded at a meeting at the Imperial Hotel in Portland, Oregon.[81] Charter members were the University of California (now University of California, Berkeley), the University of Washington, the University of Oregon, and Oregon Agricultural College (now Oregon State University). The conference began play in 1916.

One year later, Washington State College (now Washington State University) joined the league, followed by Stanford University in 1918.

In 1922, the PCC expanded to eight teams with the admission of USC and Idaho. Montana joined the Conference in 1924, and in 1928, the PCC grew to 10 members with the addition of UCLA.

For many years, the conference split into two divisions for basketball (and baseball) – a Southern Division comprising the four California schools and a Northern Division comprising the six schools in the Pacific Northwest.

In 1950, Montana departed to join the Mountain States Conference. The PCC continued as a nine-team league through June 1959.

AAWU (Big Five and Big Six)[edit]

Following "pay-for-play" scandals at California, USC, UCLA and Washington, the PCC disbanded in June 1959. Ten months earlier in August 1958, the four schools formed a new conference to take effect the following summer.[82][83] When those four and Stanford started talking about forming a new conference, retired Admiral Thomas J. Hamilton interceded and suggested the schools consider creating a national "power conference." (Hamilton had been a key player, head coach, and athletic director at Navy, and was the AD at Pittsburgh.) Nicknamed the "Airplane Conference,"[84][85][86] the five PCC schools would have played with other major academically oriented schools, including Army, Navy, Air Force, Notre Dame, Penn, Penn State, Duke, and Georgia Tech among others.[84][87] The effort fell through when a Pentagon official vetoed the idea and the service academies backed out.[88] Hamilton left Pittsburgh in 1959 to become the first commissioner of the AAWU,[89][90] and remained for a dozen years.[91]

On July 1, 1959, the new Athletic Association of Western Universities was launched, with California, UCLA, USC, and Washington as the four charter members,[89] and Stanford was added during the first month.[83][92] The conference also was popularly known as the Big Five from 1960 to 1962;[93] when Washington State joined in 1962,[94] the conference was then informally known as the Big Six.[93][95]

Pacific-8[edit]

Oregon and Oregon State rejoined in the summer of 1964.[96][97] With the addition of the two Oregon schools, the conference was known unofficially as the Pacific Athletic Conference (PAC),[98][99][100][101][102] and then the Pacific-8 (as there already was a Big Eight Conference). Idaho was never invited to join the AAWU; the Vandals were independent for four years until the formation of the Big Sky Conference in 1963, and were independent in football until 1965.

In 1968, the AAWU formally renamed itself the Pacific-8 Conference, or Pac-8 for short. The Pac-8 did not allow a second bowl team from the conference until the 1975 season.[103]

Pacific-10[edit]

Final Pac-10 Conference logo

In 1978, the conference added WAC schools Arizona and Arizona State on July 1, creating the Pacific-10 Conference or Pac-10. The invitations to the schools were extended in December 1976,[104] and expansion was formally announced in May 1977.[105]

In 1986, the Pac-10 began sponsoring women's athletics. Prior to this time members' women's teams competed with other large universities on the Pacific coast in either the Northern Pacific Conference or the Western Collegiate Athletic Association.

In the mid-1990s the conference expressed interest in admitting the University of Colorado, as well as the University of Texas after the collapse of the Southwest Conference. Texas expressed an interest in joining a strong academic conference, but joined three fellow SWC schools (Texas A&M, Texas Tech, and Baylor) to combine with the Big Eight Conference to form the Big 12 Conference in 1996. Colorado elected at the time to remain in the newly formed Big 12 Conference.[106]

Before the addition of Colorado and Utah in 2011, only one Division I conference, the Ivy League, had maintained its membership for a longer time than the Pac-10. Commissioner Larry Scott said on February 9, 2010, that the window for expansion by the conference was open for the next year as the conference began negotiations for a new television deal. Speaking on a conference call to introduce former Big 12 commissioner Kevin Weiberg as his new deputy, Scott talked about possibly adding new teams to the conference and launching a new television network. Scott, the former head of the Women's Tennis Association, took over the conference in July 2009. In his first eight months on the job, he saw growing interest from the membership over the possibility of adding teams for the first time since Arizona and Arizona State joined the conference in 1978.

Pacific-12[edit]

In early June 2010, there were reports that the Pac-10 would be considering adding up to six teams to the conference, including Texas Tech University, University of Texas at Austin, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State University, University of Colorado Boulder, or possibly Baylor University and Texas A&M University.[107][108]

On June 10, 2010, the University of Colorado Boulder officially accepted an invitation to join the Pac-10 Conference, effective in the 2012–2013 academic year.[109][110] The school later announced it would join the conference a year earlier than previously announced, in the 2011–2012 academic year.

On June 15, 2010, a deal was reached between Texas and the Big 12 Conference to keep Texas, Texas Tech, Texas A&M, Oklahoma and Oklahoma State in the Big 12. Following Texas' decision, the other Big 12 schools that had been rumored candidates to join the Pac-10 announced they would remain in the Big 12. This deal effectively ended the Pac-10's ambition to potentially become a sixteen-team conference.[111]

On June 17, 2010, the University of Utah officially accepted an invitation to join the Pac-10 Conference, effective in July 2011.[109] Utah was a member of the WAC with Arizona and Arizona State before those two left for the Pac-10 in 1978. The Utes left an expanded WAC in 1999 to form the new Mountain West Conference. Utah is also the first "BCS Buster" to join a BCS conference, having played in (and won) two BCS games beforehand, and one of the first to leave the MWC, of which Utah was a charter member.

On July 27, 2010, the conference unveiled a new logo and announced that the Pac-10 would be renamed the Pac-12 when two new universities would join the conference. On October 21, the Pac-12 announced that it would be divided into two divisions for purposes of football, with the North Division consisting of the schools in Oregon, Washington, and Northern California and the South Division consisting of Colorado, Utah, and the schools in Arizona and Southern California. On July 1, 2011, the Pac-12 assumed its current alignment when both Colorado and Utah officially joined as full members.

To this day, the Pac-12 claims the PCC's history as its own. It inherited the PCC's berth in the Rose Bowl, and the eight largest schools in the old PCC all eventually joined the new league. However, the older league had a separate charter.

The Pac-12 is one of the founding members of the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation, a conference organized to provide competition in non-revenue Olympic sports. All Pac-12 members except Oregon State participate in at least one MPSF sport (men's and women's indoor track and field both actually have enough participating Pac-12 schools for the conference to sponsor a championship, but the Pac-12 has opted not to do so), and for certain sports, the Pac-12 admits certain schools as Associate Members.

Membership timeline[edit]

University of Utah University of Colorado at Boulder Arizona State University University of Arizona University of California, Los Angeles University of Montana University of Idaho University of Southern California Stanford University Washington State University Washington State University Oregon State University Oregon State University University of Oregon University of Oregon University of Washington University of California, Berkeley

 Full members 

[edit]

The Pac-12 Conference sponsors championship competition in eleven men's and twelve women's NCAA sanctioned sports. Five schools are associate members in three men's sports.[112]

Pac-12 teams in conference competition
Sport Men's Women's
Baseball 11 -
Basketball 12 12
Cross Country 9 12
Football 12 -
Golf 12 11
Gymnastics - 8
Rowing 6 7
Sand Volleyball - 7
Soccer 6 12
Softball - 9
Swimming & Diving 8 9
Tennis 8 11
Track and Field (Outdoor) 10 12
Volleyball - 12
Wrestling 6 -

† Men's rowing is sanctioned by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association, not by the NCAA, while women's rowing is sanctioned by both.
‡ Sand volleyball is an NCAA "emerging sport" which is fully sanctioned, but does not yet have a national championship.[113]

Men's sponsored sports by school[edit]

Member-by-member sponsorship of the 11 men's Pac-12 sports for the 2012-2013 academic year. (NCAA sponsors only 10 of the 11)

School Baseball Basketball Cross
Country
Football Golf Rowing † Soccer Swimming
& Diving
Tennis Track
& Field
(Outdoor)
Wrestling Total
Sports
Arizona Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN 8
Arizona State Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY 8
California Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN 10
Colorado Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY^ Red XN Red XN Red XN Green tickY Red XN 5
Oregon Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN 7
Oregon State Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Red XN Green tickY 7
Stanford Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 11
UCLA Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY^ Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN 8
USC Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY^ Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN 7
Utah Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN 6
Washington Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN 9
Washington State Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY^ Red XN Red XN Red XN Green tickY Red XN 6
Totals 11 12 9 12 12 4 (4^) 5 6 8 10 3 93

† Men's rowing is sanctioned by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association, not by the NCAA.
^ Indicates men's rowing team with "club" status, but team still competes in Pac-12 Conference rowing championships.

Men's sports that are not sponsored by the Pac-12 but are fielded as a varsity sport at Pac-12 schools:

School Fencing † Gymnastics Rugby † ^ Sailing † Skiing Track & Field
(Indoor)
Volleyball Water Polo
Arizona No No PAC No No MPSF No No
Arizona State No No PAC No No MPSF No No
California No MPSF PAC No No MPSF No MPSF
Colorado No No No No RMISA MPSF No No
Oregon No No No No No MPSF No No
Oregon State No No PAC No No No No No
Stanford Independent MPSF No PCCSC No MPSF MPSF MPSF
UCLA No No PAC No No MPSF MPSF MPSF
USC No No No No No No MPSF MPSF
Utah No No PAC No RMISA No No No
Washington No No No No No MPSF No No
Washington State No No No No No MPSF No No

† Indicates a non-NCAA sponsored sport.
^ Indicates men's rugby team — some are varsity and some have "club" status. These six rugby teams compete in the PAC Rugby Conference, which was modeled after the Pac-12 conference, and rugby is featured on the Pac-12 website.[114]

Women's sponsored sports by school[edit]

Member-by-member sponsorship of the 11 women's Pac-12 sports for the 2012-13 academic year.

School Basketball Cross
Country
Golf Gymnastics Rowing Soccer Softball Swimming
& Diving
Tennis Track
& Field
(Outdoor)
Volleyball Total
Sports
Arizona Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 10
Arizona State Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 10
California Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 11
Colorado Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 7
Oregon Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 8
Oregon State Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY 10
Stanford Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 11
UCLA Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 11
USC Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 9
Utah Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 10
Washington Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 10
Washington State Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 9
Totals 12 12 12 8 7 12 9 9 11 12 12 116

Women's sports that are not sponsored by the Pac-12 but are fielded as a varsity sport at Pac-12 schools:

School Acrobatics and
Tumbling †
Fencing † Field Hockey Lacrosse Sailing † Sand Volleyball ^ Skiing Squash † Synchronised
Swimming †
Track & Field
(Indoor)
Water Polo
Arizona No No No No No Independent No No No MPSF No
Arizona State No No No No No Independent No No No MPSF MPSF
California No No NorPac[w 1] MPSF No Independent No No No MPSF MPSF
Colorado No No No MPSF No No RMISA No No MPSF No
Oregon NCATA No No MPSF No Independent No No No MPSF No
Oregon State No No No No No No No No No No No
Stanford No Independent NorPac[w 1] MPSF PCCSC Independent No Independent Independent MPSF MPSF
UCLA No No No No No Independent No No No MPSF MPSF
USC No No No MPSF No Independent No No No No MPSF
Utah No No No No No No RMISA No No MPSF No
Washington No No No No No Independent No No No MPSF No
Washington State No No No No No No No No No MPSF No

† Indicates a non-NCAA sponsored sport. ^ Indicates an NCAA emerging sport.

  1. ^ a b Following the demise of the Northern Pacific Field Hockey Conference at the end of the 2014–15 school year, Cal and Stanford will become single-sport members of the America East Conference in July 2015.

NCAA national titles[edit]

NCAA National Championship trophies, rings, watches won by UCLA teams
School Team Individual
Men Women Total Men Women Total
Arizona 8 11 19 62 84 146
Arizona State 11 12 23 61 43 104
California 26 6 32 135 62 197
Colorado 20 2 22 106 12 118
Oregon 15 13 28 78 24 103
Oregon State 3 0 3 32 7 39
Stanford 61 41 102 262 177 439
UCLA 73 39 112 162 100 262
USC 84 16 100 303 60 363
Utah 11 9 20 70 24 94
Washington 1 6 7 55 15 70
Washington State 2 0 2 80 6 86
Conference total 308 147 464 1406 614 2020
  • through 2012–13 season (updated at end of school year) [4][115][116]
  • combined championships are counted in the men column

These totals do not include football national championships, which the NCAA does not officially declare at the FBS level. Various polls, formulas, and other third-party systems have been used to determine national championships, not all of which are universally accepted. These totals also do not include championships prior to the inception of the NCAA.

USC claims 11 national football championships,[117] California claims 5,[118][119] Washington and Stanford claim 2,[120][121] and Colorado and UCLA claim 1.[122][123][124][124][125][126]

Conference champions[edit]

Football[edit]

Big Game, 2004 between California and Stanford

Rivalries[edit]

Each of the 10 schools that were conference members before 2011 has its own in-state, conference rivalry. One is an intra city rivalry (UCLA-USC), and another is within the same metropolitan area (California-Stanford). The two schools that joined in 2011 were historic rivals in the Rocky Mountain region, prior to 1962 when they suspended the series. These rivalries (and the name given to the football forms) are:

The two newest members, Colorado and Utah, have a football rivalry as well that had been dormant since 1962 – both were conference rivals previously in the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference (now a Division II conference), and later the now-defunct Mountain States Conference (also known as the Skyline Conference). Even after Colorado joined what became the Big 12 in 1948 (the conference was then known popularly as the Big 7 Conference), the two schools continued their football rivalry for over a decade before ending it after the 1962 season. With the two schools being placed in the same division for football starting in 2011, the rivalry was revived with their 58th meeting during the 2011 Pac-12 season. Colorado leads the series 31–24–3.

There are other notable football rivalries within the Pac-12.

All of the California schools consider each other major rivals, due to the culture clash between Northern and Southern California. For USC, the big game is UCLA. For Stanford, their big game is California. But for both Stanford and California, their second biggest game is USC.[127] California and UCLA have a rivalry rooted in their shared history as the top programs within the University of California system. Stanford and USC have a rivalry rooted in their shared history as the only private schools in the Pac-12. California and USC also have a long history, having played each other every year in football since 1916.

Oregon, Oregon State, Washington, and Washington State all consider each other major rivals due to the proximity and long history. The Oregon – Washington rivalry is sometimes referred to as the Border War.[128]

Arizona and New Mexico have a recently renewed rivalry game, based upon when they were both members of the WAC and both states were longtime territories before being admitted as states in 1912. They played for the Kit Carson Rifle trophy, which was no longer used starting with their meeting in the 1997 Insight Bowl.[129][130]

USC and Notre Dame have an intersectional rivalry (See Notre Dame – USC rivalry). The games in odd-numbered years in Indiana are played in mid-October, while the games in even-numbered years in Los Angeles are usually played in late November.

The isolated rural campuses of Washington State and Idaho are eight miles (13 km) apart on the Palouse, creating a natural border war. Idaho rejoined FBS in 1996; the football rivalry has been dubbed Battle of the Palouse.

Utah and BYU have a fierce rivalry that goes back to 1896 that until recently was an intra-conference rivalry nicknamed the Holy War.

Colorado also has a rivalry with in-state rival Colorado State which is called the Rocky Mountain Showdown.

With the NCAA permanently approving 12-game schedules in college football beginning in 2006, the Pac-10 – alone among major conferences in doing so – went to a full nine-game conference schedule. Previously, the schools did not play one non-rival opponent, resulting in an eight-game conference schedule (four home games and four away). In 2010, the last season before the arrival of Colorado and Utah, the only other BCS conference that played a round-robin schedule was the Big East. The schedule consisted of one home and away game against the two schools in each region, plus the game against the primary rival.

Divisions[edit]

On October 21, 2010 the Pacific-10 announced the football divisions to be used when Utah and Colorado move from the Mountain West Conference and Big 12 Conference respectively, forming the new Pac-12 effective July 1, 2011. Divided into "North" and "South" divisions, each has the following schools in the divisions only for football – a North Division comprising the Pacific Northwest and Bay Area schools, and a South Division comprising the Mountain Time Zone and Los Angeles schools.[131] However, the four California schools (gray background below) will still play each other every season.

North Division South Division
Oregon Arizona
Oregon State Arizona State
Washington Colorado
Washington State Utah
California UCLA
Stanford USC

A nine-game conference schedule is being maintained, with five games within the assigned division and four games from the opposite division. The four California teams will play each other every season. Thus, the four non-California teams in each division will only play one of the two California teams from the opposite division each year, facing the same school every other year on average.

The Pacific-12 Football Championship Game features the North Division Champion against the South Division Champion. The divisional champions are determined based on record in all conference games (both divisional and cross-divisional). Through the 2013 edition, the Championship Game was played at the home stadium of the divisional champion with the best record in all conference games (both divisional and cross-divisional).[132] The first Championship Game was played on December 2, 2011 at Autzen Stadium in Eugene, Oregon, between Oregon and UCLA with the Ducks winning 49-31 over the Bruins. The 2014 Championship Game will be the first played at a neutral site—Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, California.

Bowl games[edit]

Starting in the 2014 college football season, the following is the bowl selection order and the teams involved in each bowl:

Pick Name Location Opposing
conference
Opposing
pick
1 Rose Bowl Pasadena, California Big Ten 1
2 Alamo Bowl San Antonio, Texas Big 12 2
3 Holiday Bowl San Diego, California Big Ten 4
4 Foster Farms Bowl Santa Clara, California Big Ten 6
5 Sun Bowl El Paso, Texas ACC 4
6 Las Vegas Bowl Las Vegas, Nevada MWC 1
7 Cactus Bowl (Tempe) Tempe, Arizona Big 12 5

See also[edit]

Men's basketball[edit]

As of 2014, Pac-12 schools have won a record 16 Division I national titles.[a] Oregon won the first NCAA Tournament in 1939.[136] UCLA has won 11 national titles, the most of any Division I team.[137]

Rivalries in other sports[edit]

All of the intra-conference rivalries in football are carried over into other sports.

During the 1970s, UCLA and Notre Dame had an intense men's basketball rivalry. For several years, it was one of a small number of non-conference games in Division I basketball that was played twice a season (home-and-away). The most famous game in the rivalry was on January 19, 1974, when Notre Dame scored the last 12 points of the game to nip UCLA and end the Bruins' record 88-game winning streak. This rivalry is now dormant, partly because Notre Dame is no longer independent in sports other than football (now in the ACC).

In baseball, there are intense rivalries between the four southern schools. Arizona, Arizona State, and USC have long and successful histories in baseball and all have won national titles in the sport. The most intense series is widely regarded to be the "Basebrawl" series between USC and Arizona State in 1990. Arizona State swept the series and in the final game a bench clearing brawl spread quickly to the stands and made national headlines. Several were injured and riot police were called to end the fracas.

Washington and California have a longstanding rivalry in men's crew as the two traditionally dominant programs on the West Coast.

Due to the unique geographic nature of the Pac-12 teams, the teams travel in pairs for road basketball games. For example, on Thursday, February 28, 2008, USC played Arizona and UCLA played Arizona State. Two nights later the teams switched and USC played Arizona State and UCLA played Arizona. The teams are paired as follows: USC and UCLA (the L.A. teams), Arizona and Arizona State (the Arizona teams), California and Stanford (the Bay Area teams), Washington and Washington State (the Washington teams), Oregon and Oregon State (the Oregon teams), and Colorado and Utah (the Rocky Mountain teams). Usually, the games are played on Thursdays and Saturdays with a game or occasionally two on Sundays for television purposes. This pairing formula is also used in women's volleyball. To make scheduling simpler for men and women's basketball (a sport in which each conference member uses a single venue for both teams' home games), the schedule for women's basketball is the opposite of the men's schedule. For example, when the Oregon schools are hosting the men's teams from the Arizona schools, the Arizona schools host the women's teams from Oregon schools the same weekend.

This formula has made a tradition in conference play to keep track of how a team does against a particular region; and stats are kept at to how successful a team is against, for example, "the Bay Area schools" at home or away. Effective in the 2011-12 season, with the expansion into 12 teams, a 10-year rotation model has been developed to maintain the existing 18-game conference schedule. Teams remained paired with their regional rival. Each school plays its regional rival and six other teams both home and away, and the other four teams once – two at home and two away. The newest members, Colorado and Utah, are paired with each other. The single play opponents rotate every two years.[138]

Recently, Cal Poly and UCLA has grown into a competitive Men's Soccer rivalry with Cal Poly hosting UCLA in a 0-0 tie in front of a crowd of 8,717 which at the time was the 9th largest regular season, on-campus attendance in the history of college soccer.[139] The schools have played several times since however UCLA has not returned to San Luis Obispo for a Friday or Saturday game since tying Cal Poly in front of a record crowd. UCLA leads the series 6-2-2.[140]

Commissioners[edit]

Since re-starting in 1959 as the AAWU, the Pac-12 has had only four commissioners:

Name Years Tenure Conference name(s)
Thomas J. Hamilton [89] 1959–1971 12 years  AAWU / Pacific-8
Wiles Hallock [91] 1971–1983 12 years  Pacific-8 / Pacific-10
Thomas C. Hansen [141] 1983–2009 26 years  Pacific-10
Larry Scott 2009–present 5 years  Pacific-10 / Pacific-12

PCC[edit]

Commissioners of the forerunner PCC

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Includes Utah's title in 1944, prior to its joining the Pac-12 in 2011.[133][134][135]

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External links[edit]