Chakobo language

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Chácobo
Chokobo-Pakawara
Native to Bolivia
Region Magdalena
Ethnicity 1,100 Chacobo (2006), possibly 50 Pacahuara (2007)[2]
Native speakers
600  (2000–2007)[2]
Panoan
  • Mainline Panoan
    • Nawa
      • Bolivian
        • Chácobo
Dialects
Chakobo
Pakawara
Karipuna?
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
cao – Chácobo
pcp – Pakawara
snh – Shinabo?
Glottolog chac1251  (Chakobo)[3]
paca1246  (Pacahuara)[4]
kari1312  (Karipuna)[5]
shin1267  (Shinabo)[6]

Chácobo-Pakawara is a Panoan language spoken by about 550 of 860 ethnic tribal Chácobo people of the Beni Department of northwest of Magdalena, Bolivia, and (as of 2004) 17 of 50 Pakawara. Chácobo children are learning the language as a first language, but Pakawara is moribund.[7] Extinct Karipuna may have been a dialect; alternative names are Jaunavô (Jau-Navo) and Éloe.[8]

Several extinct and unattested languages were reported to have been related, perhaps dialects. These include Capuibo and Sinabo/Shinabo of the Mamoré River. However, nothing is actually known of these purported languages.[9]

Examples[10][edit]

Numerals[edit]

nicatsu 1
dafuira 2
unamarana 3
atchayuna 4
chayuna 5

Pronouns[edit]

hiasro I
miani you
zonihua he/she/it/they
noquirzo we
zunimato you (pl.)

Vocabulary[edit]

chii fire
huisruhuaina rain
jini water
mai earth
oriquiti food
osse moon
rsepo chicha
rsiqui maize
vari sun
vistima star

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. '^ Montaño Aragon, M. Guía etnográfica lingüística de Bolivia' La Paz: Editorial Don Bosco, 1987
  2. ^ a b Chácobo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Pakawara at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Shinabo? at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Chakobo". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Pacahuara". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  5. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Karipuna". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  6. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Shinabo". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  7. ^ "BBC News". 
  8. ^ Distinguish Karipuna language (Rondônia), a Tupian language, across the border in Brazil
  9. ^ David Fleck, 2013, Panoan Languages and Linguistics, Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History #99
  10. '^ Montaño Aragon, M. Guía etnográfica lingüística de Bolivia' La Paz: Editorial Don Bosco, 1987