Pachna

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Pachna
Πάχνα
Location of Pachna
Coordinates: 34°46′N 32°47′E / 34.767°N 32.783°E / 34.767; 32.783Coordinates: 34°46′N 32°47′E / 34.767°N 32.783°E / 34.767; 32.783
Country Cyprus
District Limassol District
Government
 • Mayor Panayiotis Panayiotou
Elevation 745 m (2,444 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 865
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 4700
Website http://www.pachnavillage.com

Pachna (Pakhna, Πάχνα) is a village in the Limassol District of the Republic of Cyprus. It is situated on the south slopes of the Troödos mountain range at an altitude of 745 m (2447 ft).

The name Pachna is thought to originate from the ancient Greek word “πάχνη” (pachni) which relates to the morning white frost found on leaves following a chilly night. Another explanation could come from the alternative meaning of “πάχνη”, a manger, in reference to its protected location amidst the surrounding high hills. During the Frankish and Venetian occupations of Cyprus the village appeared on maps under the name of Padena.

Chalky soil, its elevation and climate, have made Pachna an ideal location for viticulture. By 1985 statistics 830 hectares of land were registered with the agriculture department as cultivated with wine or table vines, making it the largest grape producing village on the island. Evidence that vines have been cultivated here since ancient times came from pottery found in excavations nearby (at Ayia Marina settlement). The vast majority of the cultivated grapes are the local varieties of mavro and xynisteri. Less common is the cultivation of olives, carobs, apples, pears and lentils.

Pachna with Mount Olympus in the background

Census statistics show that from 1881 to 1960 (during the British occupation of the island) the population increased steadily from 595 to 1564. Currently the population stands at 865 (October 2011 census).[1]

The village has two main churches, St George (Ayios Yeorgios) and St Paul (Apostolos Pavlos). The first primary school was established in 1855 and moved to its current location in 1938. Most of these older buildings (and many houses) are built in the local Pachna stone which has its own unique chalky yellow character.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Pachna (745 metres above sea level)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 11.8
(53.2)
12.3
(54.1)
16.9
(62.4)
19.7
(67.5)
22.5
(72.5)
26.6
(79.9)
28.9
(84)
29.4
(84.9)
26.4
(79.5)
21.2
(70.2)
15.5
(59.9)
13.6
(56.5)
20.4
(68.72)
Average low °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
3.6
(38.5)
7.2
(45)
11.4
(52.5)
14.8
(58.6)
17.6
(63.7)
19.2
(66.6)
18.8
(65.8)
16.8
(62.2)
14.1
(57.4)
8.9
(48)
6.2
(43.2)
11.89
(53.41)
Precipitation mm (inches) 137.3
(5.406)
99.4
(3.913)
75.1
(2.957)
40.3
(1.587)
15.5
(0.61)
2.2
(0.087)
0.9
(0.035)
3.5
(0.138)
13.2
(0.52)
40.7
(1.602)
85.1
(3.35)
150.4
(5.921)
663.6
(26.126)
Avg. precipitation days 15.6 13.1 10.4 8.1 3.5 1.5 0.7 1.8 3.2 7.5 9.9 16.2 91.5
Avg. snowy days 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 6
[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistical Service of the Republic of Cyprus, 2001 Population Census, MS Excel document [1]