Paciano Rizal

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Paciano Rizal
Pacianojf9029 13.JPG
Born Paciano Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda
(1851-03-09)March 9, 1851
Calamba City, Laguna, Philippines
Died April 13, 1930(1930-04-13) (aged 79)
Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines
Other names Paciano Rizal Mercado
Paciano R. Mercado
Paciano M. Rizal
Paciano Rizal
Organization Katipunan
Philippine Revolutionary Army

Paciano Rizal (full name: Paciano Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda) (March 9, 1851 – April 13, 1930) was a Filipino general and revolutionary, and the older brother of José Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines.

Early life[edit]

Paciano Rizal Valdez was born to Francisco Engracio Rizal Mercado y Alejandro (1818–1897) and Teodora Morales Alonso y Quintos (1827-1911; whose family later changed their surname to "Realonda"), as the second of eleven children born to a wealthy family in the town of Calamba City, Laguna, and grew up witnessing the abuses of the clergy and the Spanish colonial government. His teacher and close friend, Fray José Burgos was implicated in the Cavite Mutiny of 1872 and summarily executed.[1]

Revolutionary[edit]

Paciano joined and actively supported Propaganda Movement for social reforms, and supported the Movement's newspaper, Diariong Tagalog. An avid supporter of the movement, he did tasks such as collecting funds to finance the said organization, and solicited money for the nationalist paper.

In January 1897, after his younger brother's execution, Paciano joined General Emilio Aguinaldo in Cavite. He was appointed brigadier general of the revolutionary forces, and was elected Secretary of Finance in the Departmental Government of Central Luzon.[1]

During the Philippine-American War (1899–1913), he commanded the Filipino forces in Laguna. U.S. troops captured him in Laguna on 1900.[1] He was released soon after, and he settled in the town of Los Banos, Laguna.

Death[edit]

He lived a quiet life as a gentleman farmer, and died at the age of 79 of tuberculosis.[1][2]

Popular culture[edit]

He was portrayed by actor Ping Medina as the younger Paciano and at the same time by his real life father Pen Medina as the older Paciano, in the award-winning 1998 film, José Rizal.

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d The National Historical Institute, Paciano A. Rizal, retrieved 2010-08-02 
  2. ^ Smbea Mabelle, A Rizal in Los Baños, Wired! Philippines, msc.edu.ph, retrieved 2008-07-04 

{{navbox |name = Ancestry of José Rizal |title = Part of José Rizal's ancestry |state = expanded |list1 =

{{familytree | | SA |!| NA |!| LU |!| JR |!| JO |!| SO | |SA=[[Saturnina Hidalgo|Saturnina Mercado] |NA=Narcisa Mercado |LU=Lucia Mercado |JR=José Mercado |JO=Josefa Mercado |SO=Soledad Mercado }}

 
 
Domingo Lam-co
 
 
 
Inez de la Rosa
 
 
 
 
Eugenio Ursua
 
 
 
Benigna Ochoa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Josefa
 
Francisco Mercado
 
 
 
Bernarda Monicha
 
Manuel de Quintos
 
 
 
Regina Ochoa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Juan Mercado
 
 
 
Cirila Alejandro
 
Clemente Mercado
 
 
Lorenzo Alberto Alonso
 
 
 
Brígida de Quintos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Francisco Rizal Mercado
 
 
 
 
Manuel Alonso
 
Juan Alonso
 
Gregorio Alonso
 
Teodora Alonso
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Paciano Mercado
 
Olympia Mercado
 
María Mercado
 
Concepción Mercado
 
Trinidad Mercado
 
 
 

|below = This does not include all of the ancestor's siblings, only the notable ones. }}