The Pacific Building
Portland Historic Landmark
The Pacific Building.
|Location||520 SW Yamhill Street
|Area||less than one acre|
|Architect||A.E. Doyle & Associates|
|Architectural style||Renaissance, other|
|NRHP Reference #||92000091 |
|Added to NRHP||March 5, 1992|
This building was the second of three similarly-Italianate buildings built in Portland by prolific local architect A.E. Doyle's firm. The project's primary designer, Charles K. Greene, worked on the trio of Italianate Doyle-commissioned buildings in Portland: the smaller Bank of California Building (also completed in 1924), The Pacific Building, and the Public Service Building (a skyscraper completed in 1928). A young Pietro Belluschi started his career with A.E. Doyle working on this building, and later in it. Upon its opening in 1926, Doyle moved his firm's headquarters into the Pacific Building.
The lobby of the 10-story building was designed by Belluschi, and connected to Portland's first underground parking garage. The connection to the parking garage was lost in 2000 when the former bus station to the south (which sat on top of the garage) was torn down and replaced by an annex to the nearby Hilton Hotel. Architecturally, the Pacific Building appears to combine the Chicago School with Italian Renaissance architecture. The red tile roof and dormers combine with geometric windows that are almost flush with the facade to achieve this effect.
The lot upon which the Pacific Building stands is across Yamhill Street from Pioneer Courthouse, in the heart of downtown Portland. The entire lot once was the grounds of the Henry Corbett mansion (built 1875), which remained until construction began on the Pacific Building. Corbett's widow kept a cow on the grounds at one time while a major city grew around it. This juxtapositioning of the old and new earned the lot a nickname: "The Million Dollar Cowpasture".
- Architecture of Portland, Oregon
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Southwest Portland, Oregon
- Portland Historic Landmarks Commission (July 2010), Historic Landmarks -- Portland, Oregon (XLS), retrieved November 13, 2013.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "National Register of Historic Places: Multnomah County, Oregon, pg. 4". Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- King, Bart (2001). An Architectural Guidebook to Portland, p. 12. Gibbs Smith.
- "Emporis: Pacific Building". Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- King, Bart (2001). An Architectural Guidebook to Portland, p. 11. Gibbs Smith.
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