Pacific Coast League

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For the high school sports league, see Pacific Coast League (California).
Pacific Coast League
Pacific coast league.png
Pacific Coast League logo
Sport Baseball
Founded 1903
No. of teams 16
Country USA
Most recent champion(s) Omaha Storm Chasers
Most titles San Francisco Seals (14)
Official website www.pclbaseball.com

The Pacific Coast League (PCL) is a minor-league baseball league operating in the Western, Midwestern, and Southeastern United States. Along with the International League and the Mexican League, it is one of three leagues playing at the Triple-A level, which is one step below Major League Baseball. It is officially named the Pacific Coast League of Professional Baseball Clubs, Inc.

The PCL maintains its headquarters in Austin, Texas.

History[edit]

The PCL has had a long tradition on the West Coast, with teams with evocative names such as the Albuquerque Isotopes, Hawaii Islanders, Hollywood Stars, Las Vegas 51s, Los Angeles Angels, Mission Reds (representing San Francisco's Mission District), Oakland Oaks, Phoenix Giants, Portland Beavers, Sacramento Solons, Salt Lake Bees, San Diego Padres, San Francisco Seals, Seattle Rainiers, Spokane Indians, Vancouver Canadians, and Vernon Tigers (later the Tacoma Tigers).[1]

A near-major league[edit]

In the first half of the 20th century, the Pacific Coast League developed into one of the premier regional baseball leagues. The cities enfranchised by the other two high-minor leagues, the International League and the American Association, were generally interwoven geographically with the major leagues. Such was not the case with the PCL. With no major league baseball team existing west of St. Louis, the PCL was unrivaled as the vehicle for American west coast baseball. Although never recognized as a true major league, the quality of play was considered very high. Drawing from a strong pool of talent in the area, the PCL produced a number of outstanding players, including future major-league stars Joe DiMaggio, Ted Williams, Tony Lazzeri, Paul Waner, Earl Averill, Bobby Doerr, Joe Gordon, and Ernie Lombardi. In 1945 the league voted to become a major league.[2]

While many PCL stars went on to play in the major leagues, teams in the league were often successful enough that they could offer competitive salaries to avoid being outbid for their stars' services. Some players made a career out of the minor leagues. One of the better known was Frank Shellenback, whose Major League pitching career was brief[3] but who compiled a record PCL total of 295 wins, against 178 losses.[4] Many former major league players came to the PCL to finish their careers after their time in the majors had ended.

The mild climate of the West Coast, especially California, allowed the league to play longer seasons, sometimes starting in late February and ending as late as the beginning of December. This allowed players to hone their skills, earn an extra month or two of pay, and reduce the need to find off-season work. The longer playing season also allowed for additional games on the schedule, letting team owners generate more revenue.

Teams sometimes played over 200 games in a single season. The high-water mark was the 1905 season, in which the San Francisco Seals set the all-time PCL record by playing in 230 games.[5] Even just prior to the 1958 reshuffling, the league was playing 170-180 games per season. One consequence of such lengthy seasons was that a number of the all-time minor league records for season statistical totals are held by players from the PCL.

In 1952, the PCL became the only minor league in history to be given the "Open" classification, a step above the Triple-A level. This limited the rights of major league clubs to draft players from the PCL, and was seen as a step toward the circuit becoming a third major league.[citation needed]

Sudden decline[edit]

Current team locations:
  American Conference - North Division
  American Conference - South Division
  Pacific Conference - North Division
  Pacific Conference - South Division

The shift to the Open classification came just as minor league teams from coast to coast suffered a sharp drop in attendance, primarily due to the availability of major league games on television. The hammer blow to the PCL's major league dreams came in 1958, when the Brooklyn Dodgers moved to Los Angeles and the New York Giants moved to San Francisco. As a result, three of the PCL's flagship teams (the Los Angeles Angels, the Hollywood Stars and the San Francisco Seals) were immediately forced to relocate to smaller markets. Additionally, the PCL lost customers to the major league teams which now occupied the same territory. The league never recovered from these blows. The Pacific Coast League reverted to Triple-A classification in 1958, and soon diminished in the public eye to nothing more than another minor league.

Of the cities represented in the PCL in its heyday, only Salt Lake City and Sacramento remain, and even these are represented by different franchises from those that had originally called these cities home. The Oakland Oaks had moved to Canada two years before the arrival of the Giants. The San Diego Padres and Seattle Rainiers were displaced by Major League teams in 1969, but by this time the PCL's decline was already far advanced.

Recent expansion[edit]

In 1997, the Pacific Coast League agreed to take five teams from the disbanding American Association, which had operated in the Midwest; a sixth team was added to the league as an expansion team, thus providing the scheduling convenience of an even number of teams. The league now stretches from western Washington to Middle Tennessee. Despite its name, the league now has as many teams east of the Mississippi (Memphis, Nashville, and New Orleans) as it does near the Pacific coast (Fresno, Sacramento, and Tacoma).

The league is divided into two conferences, the American Conference and the Pacific Conference; after a realignment for 2005 necessitated by the move of the Edmonton Trappers to Round Rock, Texas in suburban Austin. Each conference is divided into a North Division and a South Division. The Trappers' move also ended the league's presence in Canada; as recently as 1999, the league had teams north of the border in Vancouver, Calgary, and Edmonton, but they left for Sacramento in 2000, Albuquerque in 2003, and Round Rock in 2005 respectively. In 2005, the Pacific Coast League became the first minor league ever to achieve a season attendance of over 7 million.

Designated hitter[edit]

All of the non-independent minor leagues have adopted the designated-hitter rule. At the Double-A and Triple-A level, when both teams are National League affiliates, they have their pitchers bat; otherwise the DH is used. In the Pacific Coast League, pitchers only hit when both clubs are NL affiliates and both clubs agree to have their pitchers hit. The reason for this is that as players move up and get closer to reaching the majors, teams prefer to have the rules follow (as closely as possible) those of the major leagues.[6]

Championship and interleague play[edit]

At the end of the season, the North and South Division winners within each conference meet in a best-of-five series to determine conference champions. Then, the American and Pacific Conference winners play a best-of-five series to determine a league champion.

Since 2006 the league champion has played against the International League champion in the Triple-A Baseball National Championship Game, a single game for the Triple-A Championship. Previously, the PCL champion also competed in the Triple-A World Series.

In 1988, the three Triple-A leagues then in existence, the International League, the Pacific Coast League and the American Association, met to play the first Triple-A All-Star Game. One team was made up of All-Stars from American League affiliates and the other of National League affiliates. Beginning in 1998, a team of PCL All-Stars faced off against a team of IL All-Stars.

Current teams[edit]

American Conference
Division Team MLB Affiliation City Stadium Capacity
North Colorado Springs Sky Sox Milwaukee Brewers Colorado Springs, Colorado Security Service Field 8,500
Iowa Cubs Chicago Cubs Des Moines, Iowa Principal Park 11,500
Oklahoma City RedHawks Los Angeles Dodgers Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Chickasaw Bricktown Ballpark 13,066
Omaha Storm Chasers Kansas City Royals Papillion, Nebraska Werner Park 9,023
South Memphis Redbirds St. Louis Cardinals Memphis, Tennessee AutoZone Park 14,384
Nashville Sounds Oakland Athletics Nashville, Tennessee First Tennessee Park 10,000
New Orleans Zephyrs Miami Marlins Metairie, Louisiana Zephyr Field 10,000
Round Rock Express Texas Rangers Round Rock, Texas Dell Diamond 11,000
Pacific Conference
Division Team MLB Affiliation City Stadium Capacity
North Fresno Grizzlies Houston Astros Fresno, California Chukchansi Park 12,500
Reno Aces Arizona Diamondbacks Reno, Nevada Aces Ballpark 9,100
Sacramento River Cats San Francisco Giants West Sacramento, California Raley Field 14,014
Tacoma Rainiers Seattle Mariners Tacoma, Washington Cheney Stadium 9,600
South Albuquerque Isotopes Colorado Rockies Albuquerque, New Mexico Isotopes Park 13,279
El Paso Chihuahuas San Diego Padres El Paso, Texas Southwest University Park 9,500
Las Vegas 51s New York Mets Las Vegas, Nevada Cashman Field 9,334
Salt Lake Bees Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim Salt Lake City, Utah Smith's Ballpark 15,411


Current team rosters[edit]

Teams timeline[edit]

Note: Teams in italics are PCL "classic" teams from the league's height in the 1950s.

1The 1917 Portland Beavers folded operations, and its slot in the PCL was offered to Sacramento.
2The 1905 Tacoma Tigers were moved back to Sacramento in the middle of the 1905 season due to poor play, then were moved again to Fresno the following season.
3The 1907-08 Sacramento Solons played in the California League after returning from Fresno.
4The 1907-1918 Seattle Indians played in the Class B Northwest League.

Former American Association teams[edit]

Five current league teams were acquired by the PCL following the disbandment of the American Association after the 1997 season.

5The Oklahoma City 89ers were a member of the Pacific Coast League from 1963-1968.
6The Denver Bears were a member of the Pacific Coast League from 1963-1968.

Defunct teams[edit]

Presidents of the PCL[edit]

Past champions[edit]

Awards[edit]

MVP award[edit]

This award began in 1927.[8]

Pitcher of the Year Award[edit]

For winners since the award began in 2004, see footnote[8]

Rookie of the Year Award[edit]

For winners since the award began in 1998, see footnote[8]

Manager of the Year Award[edit]

For winners since the award began in 1967, see footnote[8]

Executive of the Year Award[edit]

For winners since the award began in 1974, see footnote[8]

Hall of fame[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Specific
  1. ^ "History - Pacific Coast League Historical Society". milb.com. 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Pacific Coast League Votes to Become a Major League". The Milwaukee Journal (Milwaukee, WI). AP. 5 December 1945. p. L6. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "Frank Shellenback Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Frank Shellenback - BR Bullpen". Baseball-Reference.com. 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2012. 
  5. ^ Weiss, William J., ed. (1969). "Records". Pacific Coast League Record Book. Pacific Coast League. p. 30. 
  6. ^ "MiLB.com Frequently Asked Questions". The Official Site of Minor League Baseball. 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2012. 
  7. ^ "PCL approves Sidewinders sale; Reno gets site." The Arizona Daily Star. 13 July 2007. 4 February 2008.
  8. ^ a b c d e Pacific Coast League Award Winners. Pacific Coast League official website. Retrieved 2014-06-14.

External links[edit]