Pacific Division (United States Army)

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Pacific Division of the U. S. Army was one of its superior administrative organizations that existed during the early 19th century and for a short time in the early 20th century.

First Pacific Division 1848 - 1853[edit]

The first Pacific Division of the U. S. Army was created on October 10, 1848, as the Army reorganized its administration for the new territories acquired during the Mexican American War. 10th Military Department (California) and 11th Military Department (Oregon Territory) were subordinated to the new Division that had its headquarters at Monterey. In June 1849 division headquarters moved to the California, for a month then moved to Benicia and the Benicia Arsenal in the upper San Francisco Bay in July 1849.

On May 17, 1851, the Army merged Military Departments 10 and 11 into the Pacific Division as the Army again reorganized its administration on the West Coast. Both of those military departments merged into the Pacific Division ceased to exist. Division headquarters directly administered affairs in California and Oregon Territory. On June 15, 1852, Pacific Division headquarters was moved from Benicia to the San Francisco.

On October 31, 1853, the Pacific Division was replaced by the Department of the Pacific, with headquarters at San Francisco. It was created when the Army abandoned the system of divisions and numbered departments, establishing departments having a descriptive name, and reporting directly to Army Headquarters.[1]

Commander of the Pacific Division[edit]

Posts in Military Department 10[edit]

Posts in Military Department 11[edit]

Second Pacific Division 1904-07[edit]

The Departments where again organized under new Divisions in 1904, with the Pacific Division having subordiate to it the Department of California and its subordinate District of Hawaii and the Department of the Columbia. The Division echelon was eliminated in 1907, as was the Pacific Division.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Durwood Ball, Army regulars on the western frontier, 1848–1861, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, 2001.
  2. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Historic California Posts: Posts at Monterey
  3. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Sonoma Barracks (Including El Presidio de Sonoma, El Cuartel de Sonoma, Camp Sonoma, Sonoma Post)
  4. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Camp San Jose
  5. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Camp Anderson, (Post near Sacramento City, Post near Sutterville)
  6. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Camp Stanislaus (Miller's Camp)
  7. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Camp Riley
  8. ^ Camp Salvation, California State Historic Landmark 808
  9. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Camp San Miguel
  10. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Cantonment Far West (Camp Far West, Fort Far West)
  11. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Fort McDowell(Camp Reynolds, Post of Angel Island)
  12. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Rancho del Chino Post
  13. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Post at Mission San Luis Rey de Francia (Camp San Luis Rey)
  14. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Camp Frederica
  15. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Camp Vallecito
  16. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Fort Defiance(Imperial County)
  17. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Camp Santa Isabel (Camp Santa Ysabel)
  18. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Camp McClear
  19. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: San Diego Barracks(Including New San Diego Depot)
  20. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic Posts, Camps, Stations and Airfields: Fort Miller (Including Camp Barbour, Camp Miller)
  21. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Historic California Posts: Camp Crane
  22. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Camp Fitzgerald (Imperial County)
  23. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Camp Rancho del Jurupa
  24. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts:Fort Reading
  25. ^ Fort Reading, California State Historic Landmark 379
  26. ^ The California State Military Museum; Historic California Posts: Fort Jones (Siskiyou County)