Pacific golden plover

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Pacific golden plover
Pluvialis fulva -Bering Land Bridge National Preserve, Alaska, USA-8.jpg
In breeding plumage at Bering Land Bridge National Preserve, Alaska
Pluvialis fulva 2 - Laem Pak Bia.jpg
In non-breeding plumage at Laem Pak Bia, Thailand
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Charadriidae
Genus: Pluvialis
Species: P. fulva
Binomial name
Pluvialis fulva
(Gmelin, 1789)
Synonyms

Charadrius fulvus
Pluvialis dominica fulva

The Pacific golden plover (Pluvialis fulva) is a medium-sized plover.

The 23–26 cm long breeding adult is spotted gold and black on the crown, back and wings. Its face and neck are black with a white border and it has a black breast and a dark rump. The legs are black. In winter, the black is lost and the plover then has a yellowish face and breast, and white underparts.

It is similar to two other golden plovers, Eurasian and American. Pacific golden plover is smaller, slimmer and relatively longer-legged than European golden plover, Pluvialis apricaria, which also has white axillary (armpit) feathers. It is more similar to American golden plover, Pluvialis dominica, with which it was once considered conspecific (as "lesser golden plover", see Sangster et al., 2002). The Pacific golden plover is slimmer than the American species, has a shorter primary projection, and longer legs, and is usually yellower on the back.

The breeding habitat of Pacific golden plover is Arctic tundra from northernmost Asia into western Alaska. It nests on the ground in a dry open area.

This wader is migratory and winters in south Asia and Australasia. A few winter in California and Hawaii, USA. In Hawaii, the bird is known as the kolea. It is a very rare vagrant to western Europe.

This bird forages for food on tundra, fields, beaches and tidal flats, usually by sight. It eats insects and crustaceans and some berries.

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