Pacific parakeet

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Pacific parakeet
Conservation status
Not recognized (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittacidae
Subfamily: Arinae
Tribe: Arini
Genus: Psittacara
Species: P. holochlora
Subspecies: P. holochlora strenua
Trinomial name
Psittacara holochlora strenua
(Ridgway, 1915)

Psittacara strenua

The Pacific parakeet or Nicaraguan green conure (Psittacara holochlora strenua) is a subspecies of the green parakeet. It was long considered a distinct species.

This bird is endemic to a small area in western Nicaragua, the El Chocoyero - El Brujo Protected Area. Nesting sites lie within this protected area, but the birds still face threats from the outside world when they leave the reserve to feed. Nonetheless, its population is considered not immediately threatened (especially compared to some of its relatives such as the Socorro parakeet), and when it was still considered a good species, it was listed as most concern by the IUCN.[1][2]

Psittacara strenuus (Chocoyo) in El Crucero, Nicaragua.


  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2009). "Aratinga holochlor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  2. ^ E.g. Baillie et al. (2004).


  • Baillie, J.E.M.; Hilton-Taylor, C. & Stuart, S.N. (eds.) (2004): 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. A Global Species Assessment. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. ISBN 2-8317-0826-5