Packy (elephant)

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Packy
Elephants-OregonZoo.jpg
Species Elephas maximus
Sex Male
Born April 14, 1962 (age 52)
Oregon Zoo, Portland, Oregon
Occupation Exhibit
Known for First elephant born in the Western Hemisphere in 44 years. Oldest living elephant.
Owner Oregon Zoo

Packy (born April 14, 1962) is an Asian elephant at the Oregon Zoo (Portland Zoological Gardens at the time of his birth) in Portland, Oregon, United States. He is famous for having been the first elephant born in the Western Hemisphere in 44 years.[1][2] Currently, he is the oldest male Asian elephant in North America.[3] With a shoulder height of 10 feet 6 inches (3.20 m) and overall height of more than 12 feet (3.7 m) when standing up straight,[3] Packy is also one of the tallest elephants in the United States and perhaps one of the tallest worldwide.

History[edit]

Packy's mother, Belle, was wild-born in Thailand, around 1952. His father, Thonglaw, was born in Cambodia around 1947. Both were captured and brought to Morgan Berry, an elephant trainer in Seattle, Washington, in 1959. Belle became pregnant with Packy on July 19, 1960, at the Woodland Park Zoo. This went undiscovered for a year. Meanwhile, both 8-year-old Belle and 13-year-old Thonglaw, along with Berry's other female, 5-year-old Pet, were being transferred between Seattle and Portland every year. In December 1961, the staff at what was then the Portland Zoo confirmed Belle's pregnancy, although they decided not to tell the public until she gave birth. In January 1962, Belle went into false labor, so zoo staff decided to release the news to the public.[3] Portlanders learned of the pregnancy through an Oregonian article, and citizens eagerly anticipated the birth. Then, late at night on April 13, Belle entered labor. On April 14, 1962, at 5:58 a.m., after 21 months of pregnancy and five hours of labor, Belle gave birth to a male calf. Ten days later,[4] following a naming contest sponsored by a local radio station, he was named "Packy".[3] The then-very-rare elephant birth received international media attention, and Life magazine devoted 11 pages to Packy in its issue of May 11, 1962.[3] Visitors from all over the world came to Portland to see the famous baby elephant. The Portland Zoo set an attendance record in 1962, of more than 1 million visitors, a figure that remained unmatched until 27 years later (1989).[3]

Several circuses and zoos wanted to buy Belle and Packy, but their trainer, Morgan Berry, declined all offers, except for Portland's. After Portlanders raised enough money –$30,000 in donations[5] – and made the purchase, Berry donated Thonglaw and Pet to keep the herd intact.

Meanwhile, Thonglaw had also impregnated Pet, as well as Portland's own two females, Rosy and Tuy Hoa. On October 3, 1962, Rosy gave birth to a female, named Me-Tu. On September 15 of the following year, Pet gave birth to a male called Dino, and on September 24, Tuy Hoa gave birth to a female called Hanako.

Of Packy's parents, Thonglaw died on November 25, 1974 (age 27), from a drug reaction to anesthesia. He sired 14 calves besides Packy. Belle died on April 22, 1997 (age 45), of a foot infection. She did not have any other offspring.

Adulthood[edit]

At 52 years of age, Packy is the oldest male (or "bull") Asian elephant in North America.[3] As of 2012, he weighs about 12,600 pounds (5,700 kg), but has weighed at least 2,000 pounds more at times in the past.[3] In 2008, he weighed 14,530 pounds (6,590 kg).[5]

Packy has sired seven calves (three surviving):

  1. Unnamed male calf, born to Packy and Me-Tu on May 10, 1975 at Los Angeles Zoo, died December 2 (6 months).[5]
  2. Unnamed female calf, born to Packy and Hanako on February 19, 1976 at Oregon Zoo, died March 5 (2 weeks).[5]
  3. Sumek, a female born to Packy and Hanako on March 15, 1978 at Oregon Zoo, died April 29 (6 weeks).[5]
  4. Khun-Chorn, a male born to Packy and Me-Tu on May 19, 1978 at Oregon Zoo, transferred to Dickerson Park Zoo in 1980 (age 2), where he still lives (age 36).[5]
  5. Thongtrii, a male born to Packy and Rosy on October 5, 1979, at Oregon Zoo, transferred to Fresno, California in 1981 (age 2), died February 1, 1993 (age 14).[5]
  6. Sung-Surin "Shine", a female born to Packy and Pet on December 26, 1982 at Oregon Zoo where she currently lives (age 31).[5]
  7. Rama, a male born to Packy and Rosy on April 1, 1983,[5] at Oregon Zoo, where he lives today (age 31).

Of all of Packy's calves' mothers, only Hanako is still alive. Rosy died in 1993,[6] Me-Tu in 1996, and Pet in 2006. Packy is the current patriarch of the Oregon Zoo's elephant herd, his daughter Shine is the matriarch. His son Rama has been designated Packy's successor. None of Packy's offspring have had any progeny of their own, though the three survivors (Khun-Chorn, Shine, and Rama) have all been cleared for breeding.

Packy and Me[edit]

Packy and Me is the written story of Packy's delivery at the Portland Zoo. The book was written by Dr. Matthew Maberry, the veterinarian who delivered Packy, and was published in 2011. Maberry died in January 2012.[7]

Health issues[edit]

In July 2013, Packy was diagnosed with tuberculosis,[8] following Rama's infection diagnosed in May 2013.[8] Treatment was administered to both the elephants, and while Rama's condition was reported to be improving in April 2014, Packy was not responding well to treatment.[9] Packy has long been the subject of the campaign of the animal welfare groups In Defense of Animals, Humane Society of the United States, and Free the Oregon Zoo Elephants, who, even to this day, maintain claims that the living conditions in the Oregon zoo for Packy and the other seven elephants are insufficient, and demand their release to a sanctuary.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World-famous elephant Packy hits the big five-oh". Oregon Zoo. March 29, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2012. 
  2. ^ McLendon, Jessie. "Packy the elephant (1962–)". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Retrieved April 14, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Muldoon, Katy (April 8, 2012 (online version April 7)). "Oregon Zoo prepares to celebrate half a century with its most beloved elephant, Packy". The Sunday Oregonian. pp. L1, L4–L5. Retrieved April 11, 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ Getting to Know Packy (PDF). 2012. Oregon Zoo. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Rollins, Michael (August 25, 2008). "Packy's birth in 1962 captivated the United States". The Oregonian. Retrieved April 22, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Elephant matriarch Rosy dies at 43". (January 29, 1993). The Oregonian, p. C1.
  7. ^ Muldoon, Katy (January 27, 2012). "Matthew Maberry, veterinarian who attended Packy the elephant's birth nearly 50 years ago, dies at 94". The Oregonian. Retrieved April 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Zoo vets formulate new plan for treating Packy's TB". 2014. Oregon Zoo. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  9. ^ Muldoon, Katy (April 14, 2014). "Packy the Oregon Zoo elephant, 52 on Monday, will resume tuberculosis treatment Wednesday". The Oregonian. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Protesters rally during zoo elephant celebration". 2014. KGW. Retrieved April 17, 2014.

External links[edit]