Paddington is a district within the City of Westminster, in central London, England. Formerly a metropolitan borough, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Three important landmarks of the district are Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital and Paddington Green Police Station (the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom).
A major project called Paddington Waterside aims to regenerate former railway and canal land between 1998 and 2018, and the area is seeing many new developments.
In the later Elizabethan and early Stuart era, the rectory and associated estate houses were occupied by the Small (or Smale) family. Nicholas Small was a clothworker who was sufficiently well connected to have Holbein paint a portrait of his wife, Jane Small. Nicholas died in 1565 and his wife married again, to Nicholas Parkinson, who also resided in Paddington. Parkinson went on to be the Master of the Clothworker's company. Jane Small continued to live in Paddington after her second husband's death, and her manor house was big enough to have been let to Sir John Popham, the attorney general, in the 1580s. At this time there was an inn attached to the estate, named Blowers.
By 1773, a contemporary historian determined that "London may now be said to include two cities, one borough and forty six antient villages", Paddington and adjoining Marybone (Marylebone) being named as two of those villages.
Roman roads formed the parish's north-eastern and southern boundaries from Marble Arch: Watling Street (later Edgware Road) and the Uxbridge road, known by the 1860s as Bayswater Road. They were toll roads in the 18th century, before and after the dismantling of the permanent Tyburn gallows "tree" at their junction in 1759. By 1800, the area was also traversed by the Harrow Road and an arm of the Grand Union Canal.:p 174
Slang based on Paddington 
Webster's dictionary defines three slang terms related to Paddington: "Paddington Fair Day" which refers to a public hanging day at the Tyburn gallows (Tyburn being part of Paddington Parish); "Paddington Fair" which means a public execution; and "To dance the Paddington frisk" which means "to be hanged". Webster's dictionary cites Brewer's Dictionary and the Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue, 1811, for these uses of Paddington. Public executions were abolished in England in 1868.
Railway station 
Paddington station is the terminus for commuter services to the west of England (e.g., Slough, Maidenhead, Reading, Swindon) and mainline services to Oxford, Bristol, Bath, Taunton, Exeter, Plymouth, Cornwall and South Wales (including Cardiff, Bridgend and Swansea). The Heathrow Express serves Heathrow Airport.
Commercial traffic on the canal[which?] dwindled in the second half of the 19th century and early 20th century, and freight moved from rail to road after World War II, leading to the abandonment of the goods yards in the early 1980s. The land lay derelict until the Paddington Waterside Partnership was established in 1998 to coordinate the regeneration of the area between the Westway, Praed Street and Westbourne Terrace. This includes major developments on the goods yard site (now branded PaddingtonCentral) and around the canal (Paddington Basin).
People from Paddington 
- William, Duke of Cambridge
- Prince Harry of Wales
- Robert Baden-Powell, a lieutenant-general in the British Army, writer, and founder of the Scout Movement
- Major-General Edward Bailey Ashmore, Army officer who served in the Royal Artillery, the Royal Flying Corps, and the Royal Air Force, and founded the Royal Observer Corps
- Lieutenant-Colonel George Thomas Dorrell, Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross
- Air Commodore Ferdinand Maurice Felix West, Royal Air Force officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross
- William Page, historian and general editor of the Victoria County History
- Joan Collins, actress, author and columnist
- Emma Thompson, actress, comedian and screenwriter
- Alfred Molina, actor
- Kiefer Sutherland, actor
- Seal, singer-songwriter
- Elvis Costello, singer-songwriter
- George Osborne, Conservative politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer of the United Kingdom
- Alan Johnson, Labour politician, former Home Secretary
- Joe Cole, professional footballer
- Les Ferdinand, professional footballer
- Edward Thomas ("E. T.") Heron (1867–1949), cine trade publisher
Notable residents 
The Victorian poet Robert Browning moved from No. 1 Chichester Road to Beauchamp Lodge, 19 Warwick Crescent, in 1862 and lived there until 1887.:pp 198-204 He is reputed to have named that locality, on the junction of two canals, "Little Venice", a legend that was disputed by Lord Kinross in 1966 and by London Canals. Both assert that Lord Byron humorously coined the name, which is now applied more loosely to a longer reach of the canal system.
St Mary's Hospital in Praed Street is the site of several notable medical accomplishments. In 1874, C. R. Alder Wright synthesised heroin (diacetylmorphine). Also there, in 1928, Sir Alexander Fleming first isolated penicillin, earning the award of a Nobel Prize. The hospital has an Alexander Fleming Laboratory Museum where visitors can see Fleming's laboratory, restored to its 1928 condition, and explore the story of Fleming and the discovery and development of penicillin through displays and video.
Edward Wilson, physician, naturalist and ornithologist, who died in 1912 on Captain Robert Scott's ill-fated British Antarctic expedition, had earlier practised as a doctor in Paddington. The former Senior Street primary school was renamed the Edward Wilson School after him in 1951.:pp 265-271
- Yootha Joyce, actress, best known for the classic comedy George and Mildred, lived at 198 Sussex Gardens
Paddington in literature and film 
Seventeenth-century Paddington is one of the settings in the fiction-based-on-fact novel 'A Spurious Brood', which tells the story of Katherine More, whose children were transported to America on board the Pilgrim Fathers' ship, the Mayflower.
The films The Blue Lamp (1950) and Never Let Go (1960) depict many Paddington streets, which suffered bombing in World War II and were subsequently demolished in the early 1960s to make way for the Westway elevated road and the Warwick Estate housing redevelopment.
See also 
- Paddington Bridge
- Paddington Green TV series
- Pretty Polly Perkins of Paddington Green
- Paddington Green conservation area
- Holbein's Miniature of Jane Pemberton - a further note. Author: Lorne Campbell. Source: The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 132, No. 1044 (Mar., 1990), pp. 213-214.
- Noorthouck, J., A New History of London 1773; Online edition sponsored by Centre for Metropolitan History: (Book 2, Ch. 1: Situation and general view of London) Date accessed: 6 July 2009.
- Elrington C. R. (Editor), Baker T. F. T., Bolton D. K., Croot P. E. C. (1989) A History of the County of Middlesex Paddington pages in Volume 9, pp 173-272. (Access page numbers using Table of contents)
- Paddington at Webster's Online Dictionary
- Brewer, Rev E. Cobham A Dictionary of Phrase and Fable Odhams, London, p.811
- Letter to the Daily Telegraph, 1966
- The history of the place name known as 'Little Venice'
- Fleming Museum
- Debray, C. Lucian Freud: The Studio (2010)
- Page 7369 entry in London Gazette, 28 May 1981
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