Paddington, New South Wales
Sydney, New South Wales
Paddington Town Hall
|Area||1.5 km² (0.6 sq mi)|
|Location||3 km (2 mi) east of Sydney CBD|
Paddington is an inner-city, eastern suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Paddington is located 3 kilometres east of the Sydney central business district and lies across the local government areas of the City of Sydney and the Municipality of Woollahra. It is often colloquially referred to as "Paddo".
Paddington is located primarily on the northern slope down from a ridgeline at the crest of which runs Oxford Street. Paddington is bordered to the west by Darlinghurst, to the east by Centennial Park and Woollahra, to the north by Edgecliff and Kings Cross and to the south by Moore Park.
Aboriginal culture 
The suburb of Paddington is considered to be part of the land associated with the stories and rituals of the Cadigal people. These people belonged to the Dharug (or Eora) language group, and were also the traditional owners of what is now the Sydney central business district. It is known that the ridge on which Oxford Street was built was also a walking track used by Aboriginal people. Much of the Aboriginal population of Sydney was decimated by the smallpox outbreak of 1789, only one year after the First Fleet arrived in Sydney (City of Sydney, 2005). Settlers' records from the time indicate that only three members of the Cadigal tribe were left after this outbreak. However, some anthropologists maintain that the tribe dispersed into other areas of the shared Eora language group. The history of the Aboriginal population in the Paddington area is hard to find, but it is known that, at the time when Robert Cooper began to build his first house there, approximately 200 Koori people were living in Woolloomooloo in huts which Governor Macquarie had built for them.
Paddington has never been a suburb with a dense indigenous population. In the 1930s, when parts of Sydney such as Redfern and Glebe became hubs for Aborigines entering the labour force, Paddington continued to be a white working-class suburb.
European settlement 
In the early 1820s, ex-convict entrepreneur and gin distiller Robert Cooper set out to build a grand Georgian estate at the top of Paddington's ridgeline, affording excellent views. He named the area Paddington after a London borough. He called the estate Juniper Hall, which remains Paddington's oldest home. The district's first cottages were built around Victoria Barracks, formerly a major army base. In the latter part of the 19th century, many terrace houses were constructed to house the city's burgeoning working population and an emerging middle class. Over time, these houses filled up almost every parcel of land, causing the suburb to become overpopulated. The unfashionable nature of the suburb continued until the mid-1960s, when gentrification took hold. At this time the area developed a bohemian aspect with a large arts community attracting creative and alternative residents. The suburb is now an example of uncoordinated urban renewal and restoration, where desirable location and heritage charm have contributed to flourishing real-estate values. Old boot-repair and linen shops have given way to designer fashion outlets and gourmet food. Since 1973, the suburb has also featured a  bohemian market, conducted each Saturday in the grounds of the Paddington Uniting Church and the playground of the adjacent Paddington Public School.
Commercial area 
A bustling, cosmopolitan suburb of the Eastern Suburbs, straddling the arterial route of Oxford Street, Sydney, this is one of the most historically rich, culturally vibrant and recognisable districts of Sydney. Paddington is famous for its plethora of boutique and chain fashion stores as well as many cafés and restaurants. Five Ways is a multiple intersection located in the backstreets of Paddington which is popular with local residents and tourists because of its range of cafés and bars.
Paddington Markets 
Paddington has a popular open-air market held every Saturday in the grounds of the heritage-listed sandstone Paddington Uniting Church on Oxford Street. There are 250 stalls selling Australian contemporary art, craft and fashion, directly by the artists and craft makers.
Paddington is serviced by public transport, primarily buses. Oxford Street is the hub, with bus routes through Darlinghurst towards Circular Quay and Central Station in one direction, and towards Bronte, Bondi, or Bondi Junction in another.
Paddington Town Hall 
Paddington Town Hall was built in the late 19th century at a cost of £15,000. It opened in 1891 and remains a distinctive example of European architecture in Sydney.
Its clock tower stands 32 metres high and, sitting on the ridge of Oxford Street, dominates the Paddington skyline.
Whilst the eastern, southern, and western faces of the clock display the conventional Roman clock-face numerals, the Roman numerals on the northern (Oxford Street) side of the clock have been replaced as follows: 1:D, 2:U, 3:S, 4:T, 5:H, 6:E, 7:VII, 8:E, 9:D, 10:V, 11:A, 12:R. This was done to celebrate the coronation of King Edward VII; and, commencing at where the VIII ought to be, the northern clock-face reads E.D.V.A.R.D.U.S T.H.E VII.
The clock was officially set in motion on Wednesday, 30 August 1905, by Mr. J.H. Carruthers, the Premier of New South Wales, who mentioned in passing that "he thought that the day on which peace had been declared between Russia and Japan was a fitting time to set it in motion" and that "he hoped there would be peace and goodwill on earth as long as the clock continued to go".
The hall now houses radio studios, a cinema and a local library, and is a venue for private functions. Paddington Town Hall was the site of a meeting of Rugby League players in 1908, at which the Eastern Suburbs Roosters Rugby League club, now the Sydney Roosters, was officially formed.
Victoria Barracks 
Victoria Barracks is an Australian Army base, set back from Oxford Street south of the Paddington Town Hall. It is constructed of Hawkesbury sandstone, which was sourced from the area and beyond, and was built by convict labour over seven years, opening in 1848. For much of the early part of Australia's history, and continuing from Federation in 1901, the barracks were the premier site for military training in Australia. It is currently home to Headquarters Land Command and Headquarters Training Command. It is open every Sunday from 10am until 3pm.
Sydney Football Stadium 
The Football Stadium on Moore Park Road on Paddington's southern border. It is the home ground of the Sydney Roosters, NSW Waratahs and Sydney FC, and can be seen best from the top of Oatley Road, just outside the Paddington Town Hall.
Juniper Hall 
Juniper Hall was built by Robert Cooper, an ex-convict, in the 1820s and is the oldest house in Paddington. It is a large, dominating structure which lies diagonally opposite the Paddington Town Hall. It has undergone significant restoration and was owned by the National Trust of Australia. Today it is leased privately and is not open to the public, but can still be seen from Oxford Street.
Oxford Street 
Oxford Street was originally used as an Aboriginal walking track, then as a faster route to South Head, and has had various incarnations as a shopping strip. Once serving the needs of the local residents, Paddington's Oxford Street has changed to now serve a middle- and upper-class population, as well as being a focal point for the tourist industry. Many visitors to Paddington come solely for the experience of shopping on Oxford Street.
Heritage buildings 
- Victoria Barracks, Oxford Street
- Paddington Town Hall, Oxford Street
- Paddington Court House, Jersey Road
- Paddington Public School, Oxford Street
- Uniting Church and Parsonage, Oxford Street
- St Matthias Church Group, Oxford Street
- Former Rectory, 495 Oxford Street
- St Matthias Church Hall, Oxford Street
- Royal Hotel, Glenmore Road
Paddington is known for its Victorian terrace houses which, having been slums for much of the post-World War II period, were later gentrified and are highly sought after. The suburb is characterised by an array of interconnecting streets and laneways, some too narrow for many of today's cars. These streets contrast to some other much wider avenues, such as Paddington Street or Windsor Street.
The population of Paddington, at the 2001 census, was 11,817 people (ABS, 2001). The area has a high level of foreign ancestry, with only 25% of people in the 2001 census identifying that their parents were born in Australia. In contrast, 67% had parents who were born in North-West European nations, such as England and Ireland. 70% of people in the suburb live in typical Victorian terrace houses, with the majority of the rest living in apartments. The suburb is a high-wealth area, with 40% of households indicating they earned more than A$2000 per week.
Further reading 
- Paddington. Its History, Trade and Industries 1860-1910. Published by Paddington Municipal Council, 1910. Second publishing by Salux Pty Ltd,1980. (ISBN 0959454411).
- Andrew Starr & Janet Morice. Paddington Stories. Published by Andrew Starr & Associates. Australia, 2000. (ISBN 0646404032).
See also 
Media related to category at Wikimedia Commons
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Paddington (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- Gregory's Street Directory, Gregory's Publishing Company, 2007
- Barani, City of Sydney (2005). Aboriginal People and Place
- Paddington Coronation Proposal: A Town Hall Clock, The Sydney Morning Herald, (Wednesday, 16 July 1902), p.5. Paddington Town Hall: Clock for the Tower, The Sydney Morning Herald, (Saturday, 6 May 1905), p.9.
- Town Clock at Paddington, The Sydney Morning Herald, (Thursday, 31 August 1905), p.3.
- Australian War Memorial (2005). Australian Military Units: Victoria Barracks (Sydney)
- The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, pp.2/84-85