|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||TN-75 & TN-74|
Padmanabhapuram was the old capital of the princely state of Travancore in India. The Travancore King, Rama Varma, who was popularly known as Dharma Raja, shifted the capital in 1795 from Padmanabhapuram to Thiruvananthapuram.
Padmanabhapuram is located at  It has an average elevation of 15 metres (49 feet)..
As of the census of India 2001, Padmanathapuram had a population of 20,075 comprising 9,967 males and 10,108 females, making the sex ratio (number of females per thousand males) of the town to 1,014. A total of 2,040 people were under six years of age and the child sex ratio (number of females per thousand males under six years of age) stood at 1,018. The town had an average literacy of 90.28%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. A total of 2,112 comprising 11.71% of the population belonged to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 7 comprising 0.04% of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST). There were are total of 4,519 households in the town. As of 2001, Padmanathapuram had a total of 5,315 main workers: 86 cultivators, 844 agricultural labourers, 151 in house hold industries and 4,234 other workers. There was a total of 733 marginal workers: 3 marginal cultivators, 146 marginal agricultural labourers, 71 marginal workers in household industries and 513 other marginal workers.
The popular Padmanabhapuram Palace, the old palace of the Travancore kings, is also located here. It is spread over an area of 6 acres (24,000 m2). The palace is known for it antiques, including the armoury of the royal family. The woodwork in this palace is intricate. The Palace though surrounded entirely by the State of Tamil Nadu is still part of Kerala and the land and Palace belongs to the Government of Kerala. This Palace is maintained by the Govt.of Kerala Archaeology Department.
Other tourist locations include Thirparappu Waterfalls,Hanging Bridge in Mathoor, Ancient Jain Temple in Chitharal (a small village situated at a distance of 8 km from Marthandam.) Thiruvalluvar Statue in Kanniyakumari. One can take a bus from Thiruvananthapuram or Nagercoil and get down at Thuckalay, which is two kilometres away from Padmanabhapuram. The nearest places around this old capital city of South travancore is Marunthukottai (It is a very old fort having weapons storage facility), Saralvilai, Kumarakoil (Lord.Murugan Temple), Moolachel, Charode, Manali, Udaygiri fort ...
There are many temples around Padmnanbhapuram Place, Padmanabhapuram Madan-Ishakkiamman Temple, Padmanabhapuram Bhuththan Temple, Padmanabhapuram Pillayar Temple,Padmanabhapuram Murgan Temple,Ramaswamy Temple, Padmanabhapuram Sarswathy Amman Temple,Perumal Temple, Neelakandaswamy Temple and Padmanabhapuram Chettu Samudhaya Mutharamman Temple
- Samudaya Mandapam, Padmanabhapuram.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Padmanabhapuram.|
- "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Padmanabhapuram". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2011-07-04.
- "Primary census abstract 2001". Directorate of Census Operations – Tamil Nadu. 2001. Retrieved 2012-12-29.
- "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies". Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-13.