Paeonia brownii

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Paeonia brownii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Paeoniaceae
Genus: Paeonia
Species: P. brownii
Binomial name
Paeonia brownii
Douglas ex Hook.

Paeonia brownii (Brown's Peony or Native Peony), is an herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Paeoniaceae.[1]

The species name is after Scottish botanist Robert Brown.[2]

Habitat and range[edit]

It is native to dry climate areas of the western United States. It grows below 10,000' in open areas of sagebrush scrub[1] and mixed coniferous forest (Ponderosa Pine country) in the northern and north central Sierra Nevada.[1]

Excepting Paeonia californica, which is sometimes considered a subspecies, this is the only Paeonia native to North America.[citation needed]

Native to the western United States, P. californica grows in southern California, and subspecies brownii is native to Wyoming and Utah.[2]

The species grows at high elevations and experiences long, cold winters with little or no snow and a short growing season, while subsp. californica is less cold hardy, and is a near-desert succulent, going a year or more without rain.[2]


Growth pattern[edit]

It is 8"-16" tall with a flower that hangs down, sometimes to the ground.[1]

Leaves and stem[edit]

It has 5-8 blue-green, deeply dissected leaves.

Inflorescense and fruit[edit]

It has one or more flowers, 1" wide, often opening facing downward.[1] Corollas have 5-6 green sepals that persist, and are larger than the petals.[1] Petals are leathery and dark maroon to bronze or brown, with yellow tinged edges.[1] Numerous stamens mature from the center outward, born on a fleshy disk.[1] Fruits are cylindrical with a few large seeds.[1]

Flowering occurs in April to June,[1] followed by a long dormancy.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Sierra Nevada Wildflowers, Karen Wiese, 2nd ed., 2013, p. 102
  2. ^ a b c Halda, Josef J.; Waddick, James W. (2004). The Genus Paeonia. Timber Press. pp. 196–205. ISBN 978-0-88192-612-5. 

External links[edit]