Paeonia daurica subsp. mlokosewitschii

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Paeonia daurica subsp. mlokosewitschii
Paeonia mlokosewitschii.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Paeoniaceae
Genus: Paeonia
Species: Paeonia daurica
Subspecies: P. d. subsp. mlokosewitschii
Trinomial name
Paeonia daurica subsp. mlokosewitschii
(Lomakin) D.Y.Hong

Paeonia daurica subsp. mlokosewitschii (golden peony or Caucasian peony) is a species of peony, native to the Caucasus Mountains in Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Dagestan, where it grows on rocky slopes in oak, hornbeam, or beech forests.

In 2002, the Chinese botanist Hong Deyuan reduced Paeonia mlokosewitschii to a subspecies of Paeonia daurica, namely Paeonia daurica Andrews subsp. mlokosewitschii (Lomakin) D.Y.Hong.

It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing twenty-three to twenty-seven inches (60–70 cm) tall, with biternate, glaucous leaves with obovate lobes. In spring it bears large, single, lemon-yellow flowers five inches (10–12 cm) in diameter, the ovary pubescent, the two to four carpels white, pink or yellow, and the stamen filaments yellow-green.

It was discovered by the Polish botanist Ludwik Mlokosiewicz in 1897, after whom it was named by Aleksandr Lomakin. The plant is sometimes nicknamed "Molly the Witch", a humorous mispronunciation of the species name, which most non-Poles find difficult to pronounce.

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