Pafuramidine

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Pafuramidine
Pafuramidine.svg
Identifiers
CAS number 186953-56-0 YesY, 837369-26-3 (maleate) YesY
PubChem 5480200
ChemSpider 4586633
UNII H1VG379J2X
ChEMBL CHEMBL319669
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C20H20N4O3
Molar mass 364.40 g mol−1
Pharmacology
Routes of
administration
Oral
Legal status


Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Pafuramidine (formulated as the maleic acid salt pafuramidine maleate) is an experimental drug for the treatment of pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP). In 2006, pafuramidine was given orphan drug status by the US Food and Drug Administration for PCP in patients with HIV/AIDS.[1] Preliminary clinical trials indicated that pafuramide was effective against pneumocystis pneumonia and had the potential for fewer side effects than the standard treatment with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX).[2]

Pafuramidine also reached Phase III clinical trials for the treatment of first stage African sleeping sickness, but development was halted in 2008 over concerns about liver toxicity.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US FDA Grants Immtech's Oral Drug Candidate Pafuramidine (DB289) Orphan Drug Status for Treatment of PCP". Drugs.com. November 21, 2006. 
  2. ^ Chen, D; Marsh, R; Aberg, JA (2007). "Pafuramidine for Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in HIV-infected individuals". Expert review of anti-infective therapy 5 (6): 921–8. doi:10.1586/14787210.5.6.921. PMID 18039076. 
  3. ^ "Pafuramidine maleate (DB289)". Swiss Tropical and Public Health Initiative.