|Stylistic origins||Samba, choro|
|Cultural origins||Late 1970s, Brazil (Salvador, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo)|
|Typical instruments||Cavaco, banjo, classical guitar, pandeiro, tambourine, tan-tan, surdo, hand-repique, repinique|
|Bahia - Rio de Janeiro – São Paulo|
Pagode (Portuguese pronunciation: [paˈɡɔdʒi]) is a Brazilian style of music which originated in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, as a subgenre of Samba. Pagode originally meant a celebration with lots of food, music, dance and party. In 1978, singer Beth Carvalho was introduced to this music, liked it from the beginning and recorded tracks by Zeca Pagodinho and others. Apparently, as time has gone by, the term "Pagode" has been degraded by many commercial groups who have played a version of the music full of clichés, and there is now a sense in which the term Pagode means very commercial pop, a negative term (see Pagode Romântico).
Original Pagode developed in the start of the 1980s, with the advent of the band Fundo de Quintal and the introduction of new instruments in the classical samba formation. Pagode lyricism also represented a kind of evolution towards the tradition of malicious and ironic samba lyrics, with a much heavier use of slang and underground terms.
The 4-string banjo, whose introduction is mostly credited to Almir Guineto, has a different and louder sound than the cavaco; that loudness was an advantage in acoustic environments (samba circle), where there are lots of percussion instruments and people singing along. The 4-string banjo is one of the most characteristic instruments of the pagode sound.
Musicians and groups
Romantic Pagode / Neopagode
- Samba carioca torna-se patrimônio histórico (Portuguese)