Pahari people

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Pahari people
Regions with significant populations
 India Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand[1]
   Nepal [2][3][1]
 Pakistan Azad Kashmir, Galliat hill tract of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Languages
Pahari languages, also Hindi and Urdu
Religion
Om.svg Hinduism, Shamanism, Islam
Related ethnic groups
Nepali (Madhesi and Himali), Indian (Simla, Kashmiri)[4][5]
For the "Pahari" of Bangladesh, see Jumma people.

The Pahari people (Pahāṛī; पहाड़ी), also called Pahadi, are Indo-Aryan ethnic groups of the Himalayas living in Nepal, India and Pakistan. They also constitute the majority population of the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. In Jammu and Kashmir they are the third largest ethnic group. Pahari people form a plurality in Nepal also, where nearly one-third of people are Pahari.

The name Pahari derives from Pahar (पहाड़), meaning "hill", referring to the Himalayan Hill Region in India, Nepal and Pakistan which the Pahari inhabit. The term Pahari may be used to contrast with the groups of Tibetan origin, Indian origin and indigenous communities such as Bhotiyas of the Himalayas.


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Pahādī". Encyclopædia Britannica online. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  2. ^ "Chapter 1.7 Population Distribution by Caste/Ethnic Groups and Sex for Nepal, 2001" (PDF). Statistical Yearbook 2009. Government of Nepal, Central Bureau of Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  3. ^ Lewis, M. Paul, ed. (2009). "Languages of Nepal". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16 ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-05-08. 
  4. ^ "Social Classes and Stratification". Nepal: A country study (Andrea Matles Savada, ed.). Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress of the USA (1991).  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  5. ^ "Ethnic Groups". Nepal: A country study (Andrea Matles Savada, ed.). Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress of the USA (1991).  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.