Dartmouth Steam Railway

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Dartmouth Steam Railway
5239 near Goodrington.JPG
Locale Paignton, Devon, England
Terminus Kingswear
Commercial operations
Name Kingswear branch
Built by Dartmouth and Torbay Railway
Original gauge 7 ft (2,134 mm)
Preserved operations
Operated by Dart Valley Railway PLC
Stations 5
Length 6.7 miles (10.8 km)
Preserved gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Commercial history
Opened 1859
1864 Line completed
1892 Converted to standard gauge
Closed 1972
Preservation history
1972 Sold to Dart Valley Railway
1981 Turntable moved to Churston
2011 Heritage Festival marking 150 years of the line reaching Churston
2012 Greenway Halt opens to the Public
2012 New station building at Paignton opens
Headquarters Paignton
Website
www.dartmouthrailriver.co.uk

The Dartmouth Steam Railway, formerly known as the Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway, is a 6.7-mile (10.8 km) heritage railway on the former Great Western Railway branch line between Paignton and Kingswear in Devon, England. Much of the railway's business is summer tourists from the resorts of Torbay who are transported to Kingswear from where the Dartmouth Passenger Ferry takes them across the River Dart to Dartmouth.

The line is owned and operated by Dart Valley Railway plc. This also owns Dart Pleasure Craft Limited which operates the Dartmouth Passenger Ferry as well as river and coastal cruises.[1][2] The railway and connecting boat and bus services are jointly promoted as the Dartmouth Steam Railway and Riverboat Company.

It is unusual amongst heritage railways in that it is a commercial operation so does not rely on volunteer labour or charitable donations, although a few volunteers help at Churston railway station.

History[edit]

Kingswear branch[edit]

The line was built by the Dartmouth and Torbay Railway, opening to Brixham Road station on 14 March 1861 and on to Kingswear on 10 August 1864.[3] The Dartmouth and Torbay Railway was always operated by the South Devon Railway and was amalgamated with it on 1 January 1872. This was only short-lived as the South Devon Railway was in turn amalgamated into the Great Western Railway on 1 February 1876. Brixham Road became a junction and was renamed "Churston" on 1 January 1868 when the independent Torbay and Brixham Railway opened its short line.[4]

The line was single-track except for a crossing loop at Churston. It had been built using the 7 ft (2,134 mm) broad gauge, but on 21 May 1892 was converted to 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge.

West of Greenway Tunnel the railway was originally carried across two creeks on low timber viaducts, that at Longwood being 200 yards (183 m) long and Noss being 170 yards (155 m). These were demolished after the line was moved inland around the creeks on 20 May 1923.

A station was opened at Goodrington Sands, south of Paignton, on 9 July 1928. A second new halt was constructed at Broadsands Halt at the same time but was never opened for timetabled trains.[5] Park Sidings opened alongside Paignton Station in 1930 to give more room to stable carriages. A goods depot opened south of the station the following year, and the running line was doubled as far as Goodrington Sands.[3]

The Great Western Railway was nationalised into British Railways on 1 January 1948. Further carriage sidings to handle the heavy traffic on summer Saturdays were opened at Goodrington in 1956 and a turntable installed there in the following year.

Except for peak season trains, most services from 18 April 1966 operated as a shuttle service from Paignton; Sunday trains were withdrawn from 24 September 1967, although some were run during the summer of the following year. The Brixham branch closed on 13 May 1963 and the crossing loop at Churston was closed on 20 October 1968.[5]

Heritage railway[edit]

In 1968 it was formally proposed to the Ministry of Transport that the line from Paignton should be closed entirely but instead, on 30 December 1972, the line was sold to the Dart Valley Railway Company, which at that time operated the nearby heritage railway that subsequently became the South Devon Railway. A winter service was operated from 1 January 1973 but from the end of that summer it became a purely seasonal operation. The purchase price of the railway was £250,000 and a further £25,000 was paid for signalling alterations at Paignton. Most of this was recouped from the sale of The Royal Dart Hotel at Kingswear and other surplus land.

An independent station alongside the main station at Paignton, known as "Queens Park", was opened to serve the Kingswear trains on the site of the old Park Sidings. The line was initially marketed at the time as the "Torbay Steam Railway",[3] but this has since been changed to the "Dartmouth Steam Railway". It remains the property of The Dart Valley Light Railway Company plc.

A loop was reinstated at Churston in 1979 using colour-light signals, and in 1981 the turntable from the British Rail sidings at Goodrington was moved there. In 1991 the control of all signalling was moved to a new panel at Britannia Crossing near Kingswear. A locomotive workshop was opened at Churston in 1993 and a carriage shop opened there three years later.

In 2007 the passing loop at Goodrington Sands was reinstated, along with the carriage sidings to give more space for storing rolling stock. In 2011 new offices for the railway and boats were opened at Kingswear in the style of a large GWR-style signal box. The following year saw the Dartmouth Steam Railway's station at Paignton rebuilt in GWR style, and a new unstaffed station opened at Greenway Halt to serve Agatha Christie's Greenway Estate.

Operation[edit]

The operational base is at Paignton, where an engine shed is part of the station buildings. Heavy overhauls are undertaken at Churston where there is a locomotive workshop on the west side of the line, and a carriage shop and turntable on the east side.

Signalling is by electric multiple-aspect signals controlled from a panel at Britannia Crossing. The level crossing at that site is supervised by the signalman at the panel, but that at Sands Road, just outside Paignton station, is operated locally by the train crew.

All stations have booking offices but those at Goodrington Sands and Churston are only open at busy times and tickets are issued on the train most of the time.

The steam railway also operates the No.100 bus service between Paignton and Totnes, some of the buses are open-top and used regularly in the Summer, this offers a connection with the railway and boat services on the river Dart and out to sea. This also includes the Paddle Steamer Kingswear Castle which operates on the river Dart in conjunction with the steam railway along with the rest of the company's river boats and ferries.

The railway run steam trains every day of their main operating season which is normally between April and November with additional low season running in February, March and November. There are also santa trains in December.

Route[edit]

Dartmouth Steam Railway
Riviera Line
0.00 Paignton
Sands Road
Paignton Carriage Sidings
0.75 Goodrington Sands
Broadsands Viaduct
Broadsands Halt
Hookhill Viaduct
Torbay and Brixham Railway
3.00 Churston
Greenway Halt
Greenway Tunnel (495 yards)
River Dart
Britannia Halt
Britannia Crossing
6.75 Kingswear
Dartmouth Passenger Ferry
Dartmouth

The route is described facing forwards from Paignton to Kingswear, which puts the sea on the left and the River Dart on the right.

6024 King Edward I at Saltern Cove

The line is 6 miles and 57 chains long (10.8 km)[6] starts from its own platform at Paignton (also known as Paignton Queens Park). The shed for operational locomotives is built into the south end of the station building, although coaling is done at the north end alongside the entrance used by passengers. Immediately beyond the station the line crosses Sands Road on a level crossing. The second track, on the right, is used by Network Rail to access their carriage sidings. There is a crossover between the two lines that allows trains from Network Rail to run through onto the steam railway. This is normally used by mainline railtours which run on the steam railway to Kingswear.

5029 Nunney Castle near Churston

Opposite the Network Rail carriage sidings on the right is a siding used by the steam railway to store engineering equipment. The train now calls at Goodrington Sands Halt, behind the platform to the right are more sidings which were transferred to the steam railway in 2007. There are two platforms at Goodrington Sands, which can also act as a cross over.

4277 emerges from Greenway Tunnel

Beyond the Halt the line starts its climb up a steep gradient behind the beach huts that line Goodrington Beach. The 630 miles (1,014 km) South West Coast Path follows alongside the line on the right. After a small headland the train passes the secluded Saltern Cove and Armchair Rock, then swings right to pass over first the 72 yards (66 m) Broadsands Viaduct and then swings inland over the 148 yards (135 m) Hookhills Viaduct before reaching the line's summit at Churston. On the approach to the station the turntable is seen on the left; this is where the Brixham branch line used to join the Kingswear branch.

From here the line drops down passing Greenway Halt on the right hand side, immediately after the Halt the train will pass through the 495-yard long Greenway Tunnel beyond which the River Dart appears on the right after passing over Greenway Viaduct. Once down to nearly river level it passes over Britannia Crossing, a level crossing over the A379 road as it approaches the Dartmouth Higher Ferry. It is from the signal box here that the signalling for the whole line is controlled. Shortly after Britannia Crossing, the line arrives at Kingswear station. The far end of the platform is covered by a wooden train shed in the style favoured by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, although he died more than four years before the station was built. The boat- and car-park alongside the station was once a busy rail-served quayside goods yard.

The ferry across the Dart to Dartmouth leaves from the slipway which is behind the hotel next to the station. Dartmouth railway station is unique in that it has never seen a train as passengers have always arrived at the station by means of the ferry from Kingswear.

Rolling stock[edit]

Steam locomotives[edit]

4277 Hercules
  • 4277 Hercules
Main article: GWR 4200 Class 4277
A GWR 4200 Class 2-8-0T, painted in Great Western Railway (GWR) livery. It is in service in 2013; its boiler certificate expires in 2018.
4277 was built at the GWR's Swindon Works in 1920, Works No. 2857. It spent most of her working life in South Wales on freight trains and was withdrawn in 1964 from Aberbeeg Shed (BR shed code 86H). It was moved to Woodham Brothers scrapyard in Barry, Glamorgan shortly after withdrawal and remained there for 20 years until 1986 when it was privately purchased. In 2008 it was sold to the Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway.
4555 Warrior
  • 4555 Warrior
A GWR 4500 Class 2-6-2T, painted in GWR green livery, built in 1924. It arrived at Dartmouth in 1973 where it has remained ever since. It was withdrawn from service in 2007 for an overhaul which it still awaits. It is next in line once 75014 Braveheart has been completed.
4588 Trojan
  • 4588 Trojan
A GWR 4575 Class 2-6-2T, a later version of the 4500 Class with larger tanks. built in 1927. It is painted in GWR green livery but in 2013 is out of service awaiting an overhaul. This locomotive is currently up for sale. 4588 was the first locomotive to haul a train on the line when the Dart Valley Railway took over the line after arriving in 1973. It was withdrawn from service in 2001.
5239 Goliath
  • 5239 Goliath
A GWR 5205 Class 2-8-0T, painted in GWR livery, built in 1923. It arrived at Dartmouth in 1976 and was restored to operating condition in 1978. Its boiler certificate expires in 2017.
7827 Lydham Manor
  • 7827 Lydham Manor
A GWR 7800 Class 4-6-0 locomotive which has been painted in BR lined black since 2011. Its boiler certificate expires in 2015.
It was built December 1950, being first allocated to Chester During February 1954 tests to improved draughting were conducted. By March 1959 it was at Oswestry but in October 1965 it was withdrawn form Shrewsbury. Acquired by Woodham's in May 1966 and was the fifth locomotive to be rescued from Barry Scrapyard, which it left in June 1970. It was restored by the Dart Valley Railway in 1973.
75014 Braveheart
  • 75014 Braveheart
A BR standard class 4 4-6-0, painted in BR black livery. It is expected to return to service in 2014 following an overhaul. Built in 1951 at Swindon 75014 was allocated to a number of Midland region sheds during its short life and 1964 saw it allocated to Shrewsbury from where it was withdrawn and sent to Barry scrap yard in December 1966. It was bought for preservation in 1981 and a four-man syndicate based on the North Yorkshire Moors Railway brought it back to steam in 1994. It was sold to the Dartmouth line in 2002.


Diesel locomotives[edit]

D7535 Mercury
  • D2192 "Titan"
A British Rail Class 03 0-6-0 shunter. It is painted in BR black livery except it carries Dart Rail insignia. It is mainly based at Churston for shunting work between Churston and Kingswear. It can be seen else where along the line if it is required. It sometimes hauls brake van rides during special events at Churston.
  • D3014 "Samson"
A larger British Rail Class 08 0-6-0 shunter. It carries BR green livery except for Dart Rail insignia. It is used for shunting coaching stock or engineering stock at Paignton. It sometimes hauls brake van rides during special events at Churston.
  • D7535 (25185) "Mercury"
A British Rail Class 25 Bo-Bo which is painted in BR two-tone green livery with Dart Rail insignia. It is used mainly in winter months for engineering trains but does operate passenger services on selected days during the season. It can also sometimes be found assisting charters from the mainline for either support with the gradients or to help shunt the coaching stock once at Kingswear. It is currently undergoing an overhaul and repaint into British Railways Blue with a small yellow warning panel.

Visiting locomotives[edit]

71000 Duke of Gloucester beside the River Dart

Other locomotives visit the railway, either to supplement the railway's own fleet or to bring in special trains from the national rail network. However, the most frequent source of visiting locomotives is the Torbay Express, which runs from Bristol Temple Meads every other Sunday from June through to September, and other one-off railtours which run to Kingswear. Locomotives that have made a visit to Kingswear include 60163 Tornado, 60019/4464 Bittern, 70000 Britannia, 34046 Braunton, 5029 Nunney Castle, 6024 King Edward I, 60007/4498 Sir Nigel Gresley, 7802 Bradley Manor and 71000 Duke of Gloucester.

Coaches[edit]

Devon Belle Pullman Observation Car

The railway has a fleet of 20 coaches with 19 available for service and a further coach has been refurbished to become a Brunel exhibit at Kingswear Station.

Eleven of the coach fleet are British Railways Mark 1 corridor coaches, 8 TSOs, 2 BSKs and a BSO. The livery of the carriages is a version of the former GWR "chocolate and cream" livery and most carry the name of either a female member of staff, or the name of a member of staff's child or grandchild. The brake carriages have had their former luggage vans converted to wheelchair accommodation.

A Pullman observation saloon, originally built for the Devon Belle service (No.13), is used regularly on passenger services. It provides a unique view of the railway, although an additional charge is made to ride in it. It was refurbished in 2012 and put back into original Pullman livery.

The rest of the coaches are former British Rail DMU class 116 and 117 trailer cars with open saloons. Seven of the these are used on the trains. The eighth DMU trailer is fitted out as an exhibition coach at Kingswear telling the story of the line, its building by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, and a brief history of the local area.

Freight[edit]

The railway runs a selection of freight wagons. Although not used on any service train, they do sometimes get used for special events. Some of the wagons are used to help keep the railway in working order on engineering trains. Others are more for show and stored in sidings along the line.


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Paignton & Dartmouth Steam Railway". Dart Valley Railway plc. Retrieved 18 September 2008. 
  2. ^ "River Link - Devon's River Dart Cruises". Dart Pleasure Craft Limited. Retrieved 18 September 2008. 
  3. ^ a b c Potts, C R (1998). The Newton Abbot to Kingswear Railway (1844–1988). Oxford: Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-387-7. 
  4. ^ Potts, CR (2000). The Brixham Branch. Usk: Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-556-X. 
  5. ^ a b Oakley, Mike (2007). Devon Railway Stations. Wimbourne: The Dovecote Press. ISBN 978-1-904349-55-6. 
  6. ^ Jacobs, Gerald (2005). Railway Track Diagrams Book 3: Western. Bradford-on-Avon: Trackmaps. p. 7. ISBN 0-9549866-1-X. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°22′30″N 3°34′52″W / 50.375°N 3.581°W / 50.375; -3.581