Pain d'épices

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pain d'épices
Pain depices p1050128.jpg
Type cake or quick bread
Place of origin France
Region or state Reims
Associated national cuisine French cuisine
Main ingredients
Ingredients generally used
Similar dishes
Cookbook:Pain d'épices  Pain d'épices

Pain d'épices or pain d'épice (French for "spice bread", sometimes loosely translated as "gingerbread") is a French cake or quick bread whose ingredients, according to Le Dictionnaire de l'Académie françoise (1694), are "rye flour, honey and spices"[1] (today including aniseed but not traditionally ginger).[1] In Alsace, a considerable tradition incorporates a pinch of cinnamon.

According to Maguelonne Toussaint-Samat, the commercial production of pain d'épices was a specialty of Reims, made to a recipe of a pastry cook from Bourges, and given éclat by the taste for it of Charles VII, "King of Bourges" and his mistress Agnes Sorel.[1] The honey used was the dark buckwheat honey of Brittany. In 1571, the Corporation of Spice Bread Makers of Reims were chartered separately from the pastry cooks; in 1596 the Parisian makers of pain d'épices were given their charter, too. The Reims pain d'épices industry was decimated by World War I.[2] The pain d'épices of Dijon outpaced its older competitors in the Napoleonic era, and the bread is now considered one of the specialties of the town.

Pain d'épices was originally a sourdough bread without added leavening; it was left in a wooden trough to rest in a cool place for months, during which the honeyed rye flour experienced fermentation. When ready the dough was cooked in loaf moulds. The modern product usually rises with baking soda, or with baking powder, developed in the nineteenth century.

Because traditional pain d'épices is sweetened entirely with honey, honey merchants in France often stock loaves of it for sale.[3] La Collective des Biscuits et Gâteaux de France reserves the name pain d'épices pur miel (French for "pure honey spice bread") for pain d'épices sweetened only with honey.[4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Toussaint-Samat, Maguelonne (2009). A History of Food. Translated from French by Anthea Bell (2nd ed.). Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 28–30. ISBN 9781405181198. 
  2. ^ "Le pain d'épice de Dijon: l'histoire". Le Meilleur de Dijon (in French). Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  3. ^ Lebovitz, David (8 April 2009). "Pain d'épices". Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "Biscuits et gâteaux: Répertoire des dénominations et recueil des usages" (PDF) (in French). Les Biscuitiers de France. October 2001. Archived from the original on 13 November 2008. Retrieved 19 February 2014. "L'appellation 'pain d'épices pur miel' est réservée au pain d'épices dans la composition duquel n'entre aucune autre matière sucrante que le miel." 
  5. ^ "Codes d'usage". Biscuits & Gâteaux de France (in French). La Collective des Biscuits & Gâteaux de France. Retrieved 19 February 2014.