Paine Webber

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Paine Webber & Co.
Former type Acquired
Industry Financial services
Fate Acquired in 2000 by UBS
Predecessors Paine, Webber, Jackson & Curtis (1942-1984)
Paine & Webber (1881-1942)
Jackson & Curtis (1879-1942)
Successors UBS Paine Webber, later UBS Wealth Management
Founded 1881
Founders William Alfred (W.A.) Paine
Wallace G. Webber
Defunct 2000
Headquarters New York, New York, United States
Products Brokerage, Investment management, Investment banking

Paine Webber and Company was an American stock brokerage and asset management firm that was acquired by the Swiss bank UBS AG in 2000. The company was founded in 1880 in Boston, Massachusetts, by William Alfred Paine and Wallace G. Webber. Operating with two employees, they leased premises at 48 Congress Street in May 1881. The company was renamed Paine, Webber & Co. when Charles Hamilton Paine became a partner. Members of the Boston Stock Exchange, in 1890 the company acquired a seat on the New York Stock Exchange. Wallace G. Webber retired after the business weathered a major financial crisis that hit the market in 1893.

History[edit]

Founding and early history[edit]

William A. Paine, founder of Paine Webber

In May 1881, William Alfred (W.A.) Paine and Wallace G. Webber founded Paine & Webber as a brokerage firm in Boston, Massachusetts with a seat on the Boston Stock Exchange. With the admission of Charles H. Paine to the partnership, the firm was renamed, Paine, Webber & Co. The firm would purchase a seat on the New York Stock Exchange in 1890. Also in the 1890s, W.A. Paine entered into a partnership with Copper Range Company and Copper Range Railroad, controlled by John Stanton.

Paine Webber logo c. 1922
Paine Webber offices in Boston c. 1920

Controlled by the Paine family, Paine, Webber & Co. entered the investment banking business in the 1920s. After nearly fifty years at the head of the company, W.A. Paine died just weeks before the Wall Street Crash of 1929. His son, F. Ward Paine became head of the firm, a position he held until 1940.

Following the difficult years of the Great Depression, Paine Webber merged with Jackson & Curtis, another Boston-based brokerage firm in June 1942. In July 1879, Charles Cabot Jackson and Laurence Curtis had founded their brokerage firm Jackson & Curtis on Congress Street in Boston, Massachusetts not far from the original Paine Webber offices. The combined firm, Paine, Webber, Jackson & Curtis, operated a combined total of 22 branch offices. With its greater combined asset base Paine Webber Jackson & Curtis had become a significant participant in the New England financial market.

1960s and 1970s[edit]

The firm moved its headquarters from Boston to New York in 1963. The firm's holding company was incorporated on June 30th, 1969 as PaineWebber Inc., of which Paine Webber Jackson & Curtis was its main subsidiary.

Paine, Webber, Jackson & Curtis logo ca. 1968

In 1974, the firm completed an initial public offering of the stock of its holding company, PaineWebber Inc., and listed the company on the New York Stock Exchange. As was the case for many firms, Paine Webber engaged in a number of acquisitions in the 1970s, as a wave of consolidation spread through the industry. In 1973, the firm acquired F.S. Smithers & Co., providing its first a presence in fixed income. Paine Webber also acquired Abbott, Proctor & Paine in 1970, the Abacus Fund, a closed-end investment company in 1972, Mitchum, Jones & Templeton Inc. in 1973.

In 1977, the firm acquired investment research and advisory firm Mitchell Hutchins. Mitchell Hutchins, which traced its roots to 1919 had evolved to become one of America's leading equity research boutiques.

Two years later, in 1979, the company acquired Blyth, Eastman Dillon & Co., which itself was the product of a number of mergers. Among its predecessor firms were Blyth & Co. which had merged with Eastman Dillon Union Securities & Co. in 1972, itself the product of the 1956 merger of Union Securities (formerly the investment banking division of J. & W. Seligman & Co.) and Eastman Dillon & Co. The acquisition added more than 70 branch offices and more than 700 professionals in addition to a strong investment banking business.

1980s[edit]

By 1980 Paine Webber had 161 branch offices in 42 states and six offices in Asia and Europe. With the acquisition of Rotan Mosle Financial Corp. in 1983 Paine Webber had developed a national distribution network and with its active advertising campaign "Thank You Paine Webber" developed its brand throughout the 1980s. The company would consolidate its two divisions, Paine Webber Jackson & Curtis and Blyth Eastman Paine Webber Inc., to form Paine Webber Inc. in 1984. After this point, the company would operate under the Paine Webber brand.

Paine Webber moved its headquarters from 140 Broadway to 1285 Avenue of the Americas in midtown in 1985. Paine Webber became a visible presence on Sixth Avenue. At the time, the illuminated name on the building (today UBS) was unique among investment banks, and the building hosted a ground floor gallery of art exhibitions.

In 1986, the firm opened a new technology and transaction processing operation at Lincoln Harbor in New Jersey.

1990s[edit]

In 1995 Paine Webber completed the acquisition of the brokerage and investment banking firm Kidder, Peabody & Co. from General Electric Company.[1][2] Founded in 1865, Kidder, Peabody had been a preeminent player in investment banking and private services before becoming embroiled in insider trading scandals in the 1980s and suffering major trading losses in 1994.

With a significant nationwide presence, and operating as PaineWebber Group Inc., by late 2000 Paine Webber had emerged as the fourth largest private client firm in the United States with 385 offices employing 8554 stockbrokers.

In 2000, two months before the merger with UBS, Paine Webber acquired southeastern brokerage firm J.C. Bradford & Co. for US$620 million. The deal was not profitable for PaineWebber, as a great number of brokers left the firm, taking their clients with them.

Merger with UBS AG[edit]

UBS Paine Webber logo in use from 2001 until 2003 when the use of the Paine Webber brand was dropped

On November 3, 2000, under the leadership of Chairman and CEO, Donald Marron, the company completed a US$10.8 billion cash and stock merger with UBS AG, a banking conglomerate headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland.[3][4] The acquisition pushed UBS to the top wealth and asset management firm in the world.[citation needed] Initially the business was given the divisional name "UBS PaineWebber" but in 2003 the 123-year-old name Paine Webber disappeared when it was renamed "UBS Wealth Management USA".[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paine Webber Deal for Kidder. New York Times, December 16, 1994
  2. ^ *Paine Webber's Plan for Kidder. New York Times, October 18, 1994
  3. ^ PaineWebber Merger Vote. New York Times, October 24, 2000
  4. ^ *Swiss Bank Is Acquiring PaineWebber. New York Times, July 12, 2000
  5. ^ Advertising: Introducing UBS PaineWebber, Post Merger. New York Times, March 5, 2001