Pairs in Test and first-class cricket
A pair in cricket refers to when a batsman is dismissed without scoring in either innings. It is called a 'king pair' if the batsman gets out for a golden duck [getting out in first ball he faced] in both innings.
Most pairs in a Test career
New Zealand fast bowler Chris Martin has been dismissed without scoring in both innings during seven Test matches, three more than any other player. Five players have been dismissed for four pairs of ducks in Tests. Four are bowlers with no great pretensions towards batsmanship – Bhagwat Chandrasekhar of India, Muttiah Muralitharan of Sri Lanka and West Indians Mervyn Dillon and Courtney Walsh – but the fifth is top order batsman Marvan Atapattu of Sri Lanka. He started his Test career with just one run in six innings – including two pairs – and has bagged two more since. The 14 men who have collected three pairs include Glenn McGrath, Curtly Ambrose and Andrew Flintoff.
Pairs on Test debut
38 batsmen have been dismissed for a pair on their debut in Test cricket.
- Fred Grace for England v Australia at The Oval in London 1880
- Clarence Wimble for South Africa v England at Cape Town in 1891/92
- Joseph Willoughby for South Africa v England at Port Elizabeth in 1895/96
- Johannes Kotze for South Africa v Australia in Johannesburg in 1902/03
- Percy Twentyman-Jones for South Africa v Australia in Cape Town in 1902/03
- Tommy Ward for South Africa v Australia in Manchester in 1912
- Percy Lewis for South Africa v England in Durban in 1913/14
- Cecil Dixon for South Africa v England in Johannesburg in 1913/14
- Ted Badcock for New Zealand v England in Christchurch in 1929/30
- Ken James for New Zealand v England in Christchurch in 1929/30
- Jim Smith for England v West Indies in Bridgetown in 1934/35
- Gordon Rowe for New Zealand v Australia in Wellington in 1945/46
- Len Butterfield for New Zealand v Australia in Wellington in 1945/46
- Cuan McCarthy for South Africa v England in Durban in 1948
- Alf Valentine for the West Indies v England in Manchester in 1950
- Ram Ramchand for India v England at Headingley in Leeds in 1952
- Graham Gooch for England v Australia at Edgbaston in Birmingham in 1975
- Brendon Bracewell for New Zealand v England at Lords in 1978
- Mike Whitney for Australia v England in Manchester in 1981
- Maninder Singh for India v Pakistan in Karachi in 1982/83
- Ken Rutherford for New Zealand v West Indies at Port of Spain in 1984/85
- Chris Kuggeleijn for New Zealand v India in Bangalore in 1988/89
- Rashid Patel for India v New Zealand in Bombay in 1988/89
- Marvan Atapattu for Sri Lanka v India in Chandigarh in 1990/91
- Saeed Anwar for Pakistan v West Indies in Faisalabad in 1990/91
- Allan Donald for South Africa v West Indies in Bridgetown in 1991/92
- Stephen Peall for Zimbabwe v Pakistan in Karachi in 1993/94
- Peter McIntyre for Australia v England at the Adelaide Oval in 1994/95
- Dirk Viljoen for Zimbabwe v Pakistan in Bulawayo in 1997/98
- Gavin Hamilton for England v South Africa in Johannesburg in 1999/00
- James Franklin for New Zealand v Pakistan in Auckland in 2000/01
- Alamgir Kabir for Bangladesh v Sri Lanka in Colombo in 2002/03
- Hasantha Fernando for Sri Lanka v South Africa in Johannesburg in 2002/03
- Lasith Malinga for Sri Lanka v Australia in Darwin in 2003/04
- Chamara Silva for Sri Lanka v New Zealand in Christchurch in 2006/07
- Chris Tremlett for England v India at Lords in 2007
- Mark Gillespie for New Zealand v South Africa at Centurion in 2007/08
- Dean Elgar for South Africa vs Australia at Perth in 2012/13
These unfortunate batsmen all bagged pairs in two Tests in a row.
- Bobby Peel (England, 1894–95)
- Bob Crisp (South Africa, 1935–36)
- Wayne Clark (Australia, 1977–78)
- Pat Pocock (England, 1984)
- Bob Holland (Australia, 1985/1985-86)
- Mark Waugh (Australia, 1992–93)
- Glenn McGrath (Australia, 1998–99)
- Ajit Agarkar (India, 1999–2000)
- Merv Dillon (West Indies, 1998-99/2000-01)
- Dinanath Ramnarine (West Indies, 2001–02)
- Shabbir Ahmed (Pakistan, 2005/2005-06)
Ajit Agarkar and Bob Holland were each dismissed for five consecutive ducks, a record they share with Mohammad Asif for Pakistan in 2005/2006.
Pairs by Test captains
19 captains have been dismissed for a pair.
- Joe Darling for Australia v England at Sheffield in 1902
- Louis Tancred for South Africa v England at The Oval in 1912
- Vijay Hazare for India v England at Kanpur in 1951/52
- Harry Cave for New Zealand v West Indies at Dunedin in 1955/56
- Frank Worrell for West Indies v Australia at Melbourne in 1960/61
- Richie Benaud for Australia v England at Leeds in 1961
- Imtiaz Ahmed for Pakistan v England at Dhaka in 1961/62
- Bishen Bedi for India v England at Delhi in 1976/77
- Ian Botham for England v Australia at Lord's in 1981
- Allan Border for Australia v West Indies at Perth in 1992/93
- Mark Taylor for Australia v Pakistan at Karachi in 1994/95
- Stephen Fleming for New Zealand v Australia at Hobart in 1997/98
- Courtney Walsh for West Indies v Pakistan at Rawalpindi in 1997/98
- Rashid Latif for Pakistan v South Africa at Port Elizabeth in 1997/98
- Nasser Hussain for England v West Indies at The Oval in 2000
- Jimmy Adams for West Indies v Australia at Melbourne in 2000/01
- Waqar Younis for Pakistan v Australia at Sharjah in 2002/03
- Habibul Bashar for Bangladesh v Zimbabwe at Harare in 2003/04
- Marvan Atapattu for Sri Lanka v Pakistan at Faisalabad in 2004/05
Ian Botham's pair came in his last Test as captain while Mark Taylor, Rashid Latif and Habibul Bashar recorded a pair in their first games as captain.
King pairs in Test cricket
If a batsman is out first ball he has made a golden duck and if a batsman is dismissed first ball in both innings he has achieved a king pair. This worst of all batting fates has befallen sixteen players in the history of Test cricket so far.
- William Attewell for England v Australia at Sydney in 1891–92
- Ernie Hayes for England v South Africa at Cape Town in 1905-06
- Bert Vogler for South Africa v Australia at Sydney in 1910–11
- Tommy Ward for South Africa v Australia at Old Trafford in 1912. Tommy Ward was dismissed in each innings by Jimmy Matthews. Uniquely, both times he came in to bat after two batsmen had been dismissed, giving Matthews a hat-trick in each innings.
- Ian Colquhoun for New Zealand v England at Eden Park in 1954-55. Twice giving Bob Appleyard a hattrick opportunity which were denied by Alex Muir in both cases, the second innings was part of NZ's 26 all out which was the lowest team score recorded in a Test match.
- Colin Wesley for South Africa v England at Trent Bridge in 1960
- Bhagwat Chandrasekhar for India v Australia at Melbourne in 1977–78
- Gary Troup for New Zealand v India at Wellington in 1980–81
- Dave Richardson for South Africa v Pakistan at Johannesburg in 1994–95
- Adam Huckle for Zimbabwe v Pakistan at Harare in 1997–98
- Ajit Agarkar for India v Australia at Melbourne in 1999–2000
- Adam Gilchrist for Australia v India at Kolkata in 2000–01
- Javed Omar for Bangladesh v India at Dhaka in 2007
- Ryan Harris for Australia v England at Adelaide in December 2010
- Virender Sehwag for India v England at Edgbaston in August 2011
- Rangana Herath for Sri Lanka v Pakistan at Sharjah in January 2014
Notable pairs in first class cricket
When Glamorgan followed on against the Indians at Cardiff Arms Park in June 1946, last man Peter Judge was bowled for a duck by Chandra Sarwate to end the county's first innings. Invited to follow-on, Glamorgan's captain Johnny Clay, who was the non-striker, decided to waive the 10-minute interval between innings, remained in the middle with Judge, and reversed the entire batting order. Sarwate then bowled Judge again, second ball, incidentally with the same ball, and Judge thus achieved the fastest pair in the history of first-class cricket. Zimbabwe opening bat Hamilton Masakadza completed an unusual pair when he was dismissed for a Test duck twice on the same day, 28 January 2012, when his team's two innings were completed within a day.
Unofficial pairs in Twenty20 cricket
In limited overs games decided by a Super Over, it is possible for a batsman to be dismissed for a duck in both the regular innings and the super over. Since runs made in super overs are not counted towards a player's statistical record, this is sometimes referred to an "unofficial pair". On 25 July 2013, Shoaib Malik scored an unofficial golden pair for Pakistan International Airlines against Habib Bank Limited, while on 10 January 2014, Moisés Henriques scored an unofficial pair playing for the Sydney Sixers against the Perth Scorchers.
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- Records – Test matches – Pair on debut, Cricinfo, Retrieved on 20 February 2009
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- Records – Test matches – Pairs by captain, Cricinfo, Retrieved on 20 February 2009
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- Super Over gives HBL PCB Ramazan T20 Cup