Paiste

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For other uses, see Paste (disambiguation).
Paiste
Type corporation/private
Founded 1945, Brunsbüttel, Germany / Paiste in Switzerland in 1957, as corporation in 1973[1]
Founder(s) Michail Toomas Paiste and Michail M. Paiste
Headquarters Nottwil, Switzerland
Number of locations 5
Key people Erik Paiste, CEO and president of the supervisory board
Products Cymbals, gongs, and metal percussion
Subsidiaries Schacht-Audorf, Germany (German subsidiary), Subsidiary Paiste America (since 1981), Spain & Estonia (both 1995)
Website www.paiste.com
A Paiste cymbal

Paiste (pronounced Pie-Stee, the original Estonian and Finnish pronunciation is pie-ste) is a Swiss manufacturer and designer of cymbals. It is the world's third largest manufacturer of cymbals, gongs, and metal percussion. Paiste is an Estonian/Finnish word which means "shine". Their eponymous sunrise can be seen in the logos for their 2002 line and their Twenty line (discontinued in 2011).

History[edit]

The first Paiste cymbals were produced in 1906 by Estonian musician Toomas Paiste in his instrument repair shop in Saint Petersburg, Russia, to customer orders. Toomas had served in the Czarist Guard, and retired in 1901 to open a music publishing business and music shop.

The cymbal making aspect of the business expanded with the passing years, despite the disruption of several moves necessitated by war, first to Tallinn in Estonia in 1917, where Toomas' son Mihkel Paiste decided to concentrate on cymbal production and export. In 1940 the family and the cymbal making operation moved to Poland, where they continued under extremely difficult conditions, and in 1945 to Germany, and then in 1957 a new headquarters and production facility was established in Switzerland. The business was continued by Mihkel's sons Robert and Toomas, with both the Swiss and German operations as the main manufacturing centres.

New ideas by Paiste[edit]

Paiste has made several innovations to cymbal design and manufacture. Among these are:

  • The Flat Ride. A ride cymbal without a cup or bell. Originally designated as Space Sound in the Formula 602 line. Designed with Joe Morello. Introduced in the 1960s.
  • The Sound Edge Hi-Hat. To prevent airlock the bottom cymbal of the hi-hat pair has ripples along the edge. Introduced in 1967. Also applied to hand cymbal sets.
  • The use of B8 bronze as a cymbal alloy. Referred to by Paiste as "CuSn8" alloy or "2002 bronze". First introduced with the Stambul 65 series in 1965. Gained general acceptance with the Giant Beat and the 2002 series. Paiste was for a time the only major cymbal company to use the B8 alloy for its high end lines; although Meinl has recently[when?] introduced a line of high-end cast B8 bronze cymbals as well. Zildjian and Sabian use this alloy primarily for entry level lines, choosing instead to use bell bronze for high end products.
  • 'Flat' bells. With the introduction of the Sound Creation Short Crash in 1975 Paiste was the first to make use of a flattened bell design. Used today with the Crystal Hi-Hats and Crashes of the Signature series.
  • Unlathed cymbals. Introduced in 1980 as the RUDE series. Made from the B8 alloy unlathed cymbals were marketed towards louder music styles as punk and heavy metal.
  • Inverted bell on China cymbal introduced in 1983 as the 2002 NOVO china type. Makes it easier to play ride and crash on a China cymbal.
  • Colored cymbals Introduced in 1983.
  • Proprietary Signature Bronze. A patented cymbal alloy introduced in 1989 with the Signature line. According to the patent, this alloy consists of phosphor bronze with a 14.7% to 15.1% tin content by weight. It has been claimed by Paiste to be the first bronze alloy specifically developed for cymbals.
  • Sonic Texture Formula. Introduced in 2001 with the Innovations series. A patented lathing technique to get a more complex sounding cymbal.

Many of these innovations were used by other manufacturers when the applicable patents expired. For example, almost all of the larger modern cymbal companies offer a flat ride cymbal and an alternative to the Sound Edge Hi-Hat.

Cymbal lines[edit]

Current series[edit]

A Paiste 2002 Sound Edge hi-hat.

Paiste makes several cymbal lines from several alloys. These include:

  • 101 - Cymbals made from brass alloy. They are manufactured entirely by computer. Introduced in 2005
  • 201 - Cymbals made from B8. Introductory level cymbals. They are manufactured entirely by computer. Introduced in 2005 and discontinued in 2009 although some stock is still available.
  • Paiste Sound Technology (PST) - these cymbals were developed from the phased-out 302, 402, 502, and 802 lines in 2005. They are known today as Paiste's budget cymbals
  • PST 3 - Brass cymbals; beginner level. Introduced in 2005.
  • PST 5 - B8 cymbals (CuSn8); student/intermediate level cymbals. Introduced in 2005.
  • PST 7 - B8 cymbals (CuSn8); intermediate level cymbals. Introduced in 2014.
  • PST 8 - 2002 Bronze (CuSn8); intermediate level cymbals. Introduced in 2012.
  • Alpha - B8 cymbals (CuSn8); semi-professional cymbals. Many professionals use these and they are currently Paiste's most popular series. Introduced in 1991, and redesigned in 2006.
    • Alpha spin-offs
      • Alpha Boomer - Made from 2002 Bronze cymbals (CuSn8 Bronze); semi-professional. Composed of mostly Alpha's "rock" cymbals, and very similar to the discontinued 2000 series. Well suited for rock, in honor of Nicko McBrain. Each cymbal has a reflector finish with a blue label, and Nicko McBrain's "PowerSlave Eddie" logo. The back side Paiste logo is printed in Maiden-font. Introduced in 2012.
      • Black Alpha 'Hyper' - B8 cymbals (CuSn8); semi-professional cymbals made in collaboration with Slipknot's Joey Jordison. They have 9 silver placed Tribal-S logos. Unique and deep hammer marks make this a completely new developed line. The logo is located near the bell. Introduced in 2012.
  • 2002 - Introduced in 1971. Made of B8 (CuSn8) and is regarded by many as the first fully professional series made from this alloy. Available models were retired in 1986 but reintrodiced in 1988 due to popular demand. Over the years the model line has changed significantly. Many types were introduced and discontinued. From 1994 to 1999 it also incorporated the RUDE series (2002 RUDE). From 2005 to 2006 the 2002 line included many models from the defunct Dimensions series of cymbals, but most of the Dimensions models have since been discontinued from the series.
  • RUDE - the first unlathed cymbals in the series featuring a raw finish. They are made for loud and aggressive playing and the answer to genres like punk and metal. Crafted entirely by hand from unlathed B8 (CuSn8). Introduced in 1980. Incorporated from 1994 to 1999 in the 2002 line as 2002 RUDE. Reintroduced as RUDE in 1999. Paiste calls them as "The original punk and metal sound"
  • Giant Beat - Originally introduced in 1967 and discontinued in 1971, this series was reintroduced in 2005 as 18", 20", and 24" multi-purpose cymbals with 14" and 15" hi-hats. They share the same CuSn8 (B8) bronze as the 2002 series. In 2012, Paiste introduced thin crashes for the series. The sizes are 18" and 20".
  • Formula 602 - As of 2010, Paiste has relaunched the Formula 602 line of cymbals that was originally released in 1957. Only a very few models are available however. The prominent user of these is Vincent "Vinnie" Colaiuta
  • Formula 602 Modern Essentials - Introduced in January 2013 and developed in collaboration with Vincent "Vinnie" Colaiuta. Forged from the legendary «602 Bronze» (CuSn20), offering a complete new wide and dynamic sound dimension. Available in 20" & 22" rides, 16", 18" & 20" crashes, 14" & 15" hi-hats, 18" & 22" chinas, 08" & 10" splashes. Formula 602 Modern Essentials cymbals combine the essence of the Formula 602 Classic Sounds models – transparency and stick definition – with the richness, warmth, darkness and a bit of complexity of the Signature Traditionals series besides providing slightly more pizzazz than its Classic Sounds siblings.
  • Signature - Introduced in 1989. First cymbals created with Paiste's Signature Bronze, featuring an array of different sounds and looks suitable for any playing style.
  • Signature Dark Energy - Introduced in 2004. Made of Paiste Signature Bronze alloy. Paiste calls this line 'an elitist concept'. Mostly dark sounding cymbals.
  • Signature Traditionals - Introduced in 1996.Re-create lost cymbal sounds from the Blues, Swing, Big Band, Cool Jazz, Be-Bop and Hard Bop era of the 1930s to the 1960s. They are crafted from Paiste's proprietary "Signature Bronze" alloy.
  • Twenty Custom - Introduced in 2011. High end cymbals made of the same Turkish B20 Bronze alloy the discontinued Twenty series was, featuring a brilliant finish on all models. The line has a slightly dark and complex tonality, and is divided further among "Full" and "Metal" models.
  • Twenty Masters Collection : Only ride cymbals were originally available. A series dedicated to jazz players with signature models (André Ceccarelli, John Robinson and others), made of traditional bronze alloy. Production started in 2010. NOTE: in 2014 hats and crashes were added to the series which was renamed simply "Masters". At about the time of this change the signature model of André Ceccarelli was dropped. http://paiste.com/e/cymbalsoverv.php?family=52&action=family&menuid=341

Discontinued lines[edit]

Classic Paiste lines include:

  • Noise Works - An experimental line containing cymbal stacks for trashy sounds and mini hats.
  • 302, 402, 502, 802 popular budget level cymbals from the 1990s - early 2000s, in 1997 were enhanced sonically and received the plus-labeling and the addition of the 802. Discontinued in 2005 to make way for the new Paiste Sound Technology-, or PST-series.
  • 101 series, different from current 101, beginner level cymbals made of nickel silver, produced from 1974 to -79. Then another Brass version Discontinued In 2005, for a newer version
  • 404 series, beginner level CuSn8-cymbals, produced from 1974 to 1985.
  • 505 series, advanced student CuSn8-cymbals, produced from 1974 to 1985.
  • 200 series, advanced level cymbals made of brass, produced from 1986 to 1992.
  • 400 series, advanced student cymbals made of CuSn8 bronze, produced from 1986 to 1992. Were also available with COLORSOUND finishes.
  • 500 series, orchestral/marching cymbals made of CuSn8 bronze, produced from 1986 until the beginning of the 1990s. Were also available with COLORSOUND finishes.
  • 900 series, orchestral/marching cymbals made of CuSn8 bronze, produced from 1986 until the beginning of the 1990s. Were also available with COLORSOUND finishes.
  • 1000 series
    • 1. semi-professional line of cymbals made of CuSn8 bronze, produced from 1986 to 1992. Were also available in RUDE finish.
    • 2. Series of orchestra/marching cymbals, also available in COLORSOUND finishes.
  • 2000 professional series made of CuSn8 bronze, produced from 1986 to 1995. Were also available with COLORSOUND and Sound Reflection finishes.
  • 3000 professional series made of CuSn8 bronze, produced from 1986 to 1994. Were also available with RUDE and Reflector finishes.
  • Sound Formula, one of the first series to use Paiste's patented Signature Alloy, which was at first known as Sound Alloy or Sound Formula. Eventually absorbed by the "Signature" line. Were also available in Reflector finish from 1992 to 1996.
  • COLORSOUND 5 series, professional CuSn8-cymbals, produced from approx. 1983 to 1986. Five colors were offered for visual appeal. Note: The COLORSOUND 5 cymbals are different than 400, 500, 900, 2000 and Visions cymbals even though they are colored, or have the COLORSOUND name attached.
  • VISIONS series, professional level; Both Signature Alloy and CuSn8 alloy cymbals, produced in the early mid 90s. Were treated with COLORSOUND process. Offered in Black only. Designed for Terry Bozzio.
  • BRASSTONES, an entry level brass series introduced in the early 90s, discontinued in the mid-90s.
  • Stanople, a mid-line series introduced in the 1960s, discontinued in the 1970s.
  • Ludwig Standard, a mid-line series from the 1950s-70s produced for distribution by Ludwig Drums.
  • Stambul, their old top-of-the-line cymbals, produced from 1932 to 1965 from NS12 nickel-bronze and later made of CuSn8 bronze.
  • Zilko, a cymbal line made in the 1950s second to Stambul.
  • SOUND CREATION, top of the line professional bell bronze cymbals that were made alongside the 602 series starting in 1975 till the end of the 1980s.
  • Dixie, entry level NS12 cymbals made in the 1960s, later also offered in B8.
  • Dimensions - This was considered a professional level cymbal which later merged in with the 2002 line. They were introduced in 1999 and are now discontinued. Were also available in Reflector finish.
  • Innovations - This is a professional level cymbal line made with the 2002 bronze. They are mechanically pre-shaped, hand hammered, and lathed. Introduced in 2002, this line is now discontinued.
  • Black Alpha - Black color-coated Alpha cymbals designed in conjunction with Joey Jordison of Slipknot.
  • Twenty - Introduced at the winter NAMM 2007 as a basic lineup of hi-hat, ride, crash, china. and splash cymbals. Made out of Turkish B20 blanks.

In addition, some Paiste cymbals are re-branded by drum manufacturers with their own brand name, for example Vader, Vader Rainbow etc.

Paiste also offers to color coat their cymbals and the possibility of custom orders. They also use prototype cymbals that sometimes appear in stores. So there are Paiste cymbals 'outside' of the here mentioned series. Most of these cymbals were never manufactured fully.

History of Sound Creation line[edit]

It started with the Formula 602 "Dark Ride" cymbal in the early 70s. This cymbal was developed with Jack DeJohnette. In 1975, Paiste introduced the Sound Creation as a cymbal line.

The first series in 1975 shows a small Paiste logo an inch away from the ride bells. Hi-Hats were Dark Hi-Hat and Dark Sound Edge Hi-Hat, 10 types (rides etc.) in total:

  • Short Crash (18")
  • Dark Crash (18", 20")
  • Dark Ride (18", 20", 22")
  • Bright Medium (18", 20")
  • Bright Ride (18", 20")
  • Mellow Ride (20")
  • Dark China (18", 20", 22")
  • Bell Ride (20", 22")
  • Dark Hi-Hat (14")
  • Dark Sound Edge Hi-Hat (14")

The 1979 series has the same small Paiste ink an inch away from bells. Hi-Hat models were as in the 1975 series, with the 10 types in that series and 6 additional cymbals (5 rides and china) available with factory rivets.

In 1984, the line and models partially change. The top ink logo changes, and the following models were added :

  • Dark Flatride
  • Dark Medium Ride
  • Dark Medium HH
  • Dark Medium SE HH
  • Dark Heavy HH
  • Dark Heavy SE HH.

The Mellow Ride was discontinued. Also, 13" models were added to all Hi-Hats, and the Hi-Hats were changed to Medium and Heavy models, with the mediums lighter than the former regular models.

The "New Dimension" were introduced in 1985, with different hammering patterns and lathing. Contrary to the old heavy and random hammering pattern in the Dark models, the hammering becomes more evenly spaced, except in the China, where the hammering turned very heavy and random, while in the former Dark China models the hammering was very light and regularly spread all over the cymbal.

The ND treatment was applied to these types: Dark Crash, Dark Ride, Dark Medium, Dark China, Short Crash, and Bell Ride.

Hand-held cymbals[edit]

Paiste hand-held cymbals from the Alpha line

Aside from the cymbals meant for playing with a drum kit, Paiste produces hand-held cymbals. Current lines include:

  • Symphonic
  • Concert/marching
  • Universal
  • Alpha
  • 502 Plus
  • 302 Plus

Gongs[edit]

Paiste makes its gongs in the German factory. Paiste gongs are made from nickel silver. Current series include:

  • Symphonic gongs available in sizes from 20" to 80".
  • Planet gongs. These are like symphonic gongs but tuned to represent a natural harmonic series based on the orbital properties of the Sun, the Earth, the Moon and the other planets as calculated by Hans Cousto. Available in sizes from 24" to 38".
  • Sound Creation gongs. A series of 10 gongs each with its own character. Not to be confused with the planet gongs. Most models in the series are discontinued except for nrs 3, 8, 9 and 10. The models were:
    • Nr. 1 Sun
    • Nr. 2 Fire
    • Nr. 3 Earth
    • Nr. 4 Water
    • Nr. 5 Peace
    • Nr. 6 Moon
    • Nr. 7 Fight
    • Nr. 8 Head
    • Nr. 9 Chest
    • Nr. 10 Abdomen
  • Accent gongs. More aggressive sounding gongs. Available in 7", 10", 13" and 22".
  • Deco gongs. Small symphonic gongs. Available in 7", 10" and 13".

Paiste also made a line of tuned gongs and a tuned gong play that are now discontinued.

Other instruments[edit]

Paiste also makes a variety of metal percussion instruments. Among these are

  • Crotales
  • Sound plates. Rectangular plates from B8 bronze that sound church bell like when struck with a soft mallet.
  • Sound discs. Round discs made from B8 bronze.
  • Roto sounds. Round discs made from B8 mounted in revolving stand.
  • Finger cymbals. Very small thick cymbals.
  • Cowbells. Now discontinued, but made for Ludwig in the 1960s

Influential or long time endorsers[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Patents[edit]