|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2007)|
|Elevation||458 m (1,503 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Paithan (पैठण) pronunciation (help·info), formerly Pratishthana alternatively Pishtapuram (प्रतिष्ठान), is a city and a municipal council in Aurangabad district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The city was the capital of the Sātavāhana empire of ancient India that ruled from 2nd century BC to 2nd century AD. It is one of the few inland towns mentioned in the famous 1st century AD Greek book, Periplus Maris Erytharaei.
Paithan is located 56 km south of present-day Aurangābād on the Godavari River in Maharashtra. Paithan was home of the great Maharashtrian saint Eknath, whose "samadhi" can be found there. The little town is famous for its Shrine of 'Sant Eknath' where people flock every year during the time of 'Paithan Yatra' also known as NathShashti. The town is mostly famous today for its sarees — the Paithani beautiful silk saris which sport intricately embroidered gold or silver borders. It is also a famous Digambar Jain atishay kshetra. A beautiful Black coloured Sand Idol of 20th Jain Tirthankar, Bhagwan Munisuvratnath is installed in temple here. It is believed that all wishes are fulfilled by praying here. Sant Dnyaneshwar Udyan Dnyneshwar Udyanis the famous garden developed on the lines of Brindavan Gardens, Mysore . The city is home to many noted personalities like Shankarrao Chavan, Yogiraj maharaj Gosavi, Balasaheb Patil.
Saint Jaganade Maharaj Temple
Shri Santaji Jagnade (1624–1688) was one of fourteen cymbal players employed by Shri Tukaram Maharaja, a prominent Marathi Saint. Jagnade recorded several of Tukaram's Abhangs. He belonged to the Teli caste of oil producers and is the only Saint from that caste. Jagnade was born and brought up in Sadumbare in the Maval tehsil in the Pune District.
He was a Varkari, a devotee of Lord Vittala (or Vithoba), an incarnation of Lord Krishna, who in turn, is considered in Hinduism to be an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The address of his temple in Paithan is santaji chawk teli dharmshala Paithan. The founders of this temple are Mr. Kedarnath Dadarao Sarje and Mr. Pralhadseth Sidlambe.
Paithan Jain Tirth
Paithan is a Digambar Jain Atishay kshetra (Pilgrimage place of miracle). Paithan has one Chaturth Kalin (thousands of years old) sand Idol of Bhagwan Munisuvrat Nath. The idol is of the time period when the stone idol were not made and hence one can estimate its antiquity. It is believed that Ram, Lakshman and Sita used to worship this idol. The idol is miraculous, and one who visits the temple with pure intent and full devotion gets his or her all wishes fulfilled.
A major dam named the "Jayakwadi Dam" is located near Paithan, and is known for attracting a wide variety of resident and migratory birds. This is the world's first dam made from soil. It has 27 gates. On 9 August 2006, Paithan experienced its worst flood in known history when the dam floodgates were opened because of heavy rainfall in the region. Photography at this dam is banned and driving your vehicle up to the dam is not permitted.
Pratishthanapura was capital of First Satavahana king from where it grew into Empire covering almost half of present India.The Satavahana known as "Trisamudratoyapitvahana". Later, under the name Pishtapuram, it was taken by the Chalukya ruler Pulakesi II who commissioned the recording of the event in a poem as "reducing Pishtapuram to pishta (flour)".
Pratishthanapura or present day Paithan is said to be the capital of Mulaka desh. Aurangabad, Nashik, Jalna, Vashim are parts of Mulaka. Mulukanadu follows the usual conjoint formulation of similar communities: the word Naadu means country in all the south Indian languages; this is suffixed to the country whence the community hails, being in this case "Muluka". Thus, Muluka+Naadu=Mulukanadu, "people of the Muluka land." Muluka or Mulaka is identified and it is also known as Moolaka or Moolaka desha along with Ashmaka.
As per legends Pratishthana was built by King Ila. Ila, who was the king of Bahlika, strayed into Shiva's forest during his hunting trip and was cursed to become a woman by Shiva. By praying Shiva's consort Parvati, Ila managed to stay as man and woman alternatively every month. He would not remember events of one stage in the other. When he was a woman, he married Budha (Mercury, one of the nine planets the 'Navagrahas') through whom he had a son (Pururavas). Budha helped Ila to attain his former self by pleasing Shiva through 'Ashwamedha Yagna' (Horse sacrifice). After leaving Budha, Ila left Bahlika and established the city Pratishthana from where he ruled for long. After him, Pururavas became the king of Pratishthana. (Source: Valmiki Ramayana, Uttara Khanda, Sarga 90).
Famous personalities in Paithan
1.Sant Dnyaneshwar 2. Sant Nivruttinaath 3.Sant Muktabai 4.Sant Sopandev 5.Sant Changdev 6. Sant Eknath, 7.sant Bhanudas, 8.King Saliwahan, 9.sant Gaoba, 10.kavi Amrutrai, 11.Krushna Dayarnav, 12.Gaga Bhaat, 13.Shankar rao Chavhan, 14.Shri Chakradharswami 15.Shri Pramod Marotirao Kadam Pimplewadi
Paithan is located at  It has an average elevation of 458 metres (1502 feet)..
As of 2001[update] India census, Paithan had a population of 34,556. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Paithan has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 60%. In Paithan, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Bidkin is a large village in Paithan Taluka having a population of 14941 according to 2001 census.
- Nearest Railway Station : Aurangabad (50 km)
- Nearest Airport : Aurangabad (53 km)
- Available bus routes
- Aurangabad - Paithan
- Ahmednagar - Shevgaon - Paithan
- Beed - Gevorai - Paithan
- jalna-ambad-pachod- Paithan
- Sant Dnyaneshwar garden, Paithan
- Jayakwadi dam bird sanctuary: home for migratory birds from Siberia
- Aapegaon :The Birth Place Of Sant Dnyaneshvar Maharaj (mauli)
- Tirth khamb
- Historically important Palthi Nagari
- Tomb of sant Eknath
- 12 Jyotirlinga temples in Paithan
- Naag Ghat
Sant Eknath Samadhi Mandir
- Valmiki Ramayana, Uttara Khanda, Sarga 90
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Paithan
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.