Pakchon County

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Pakchon County
박천군
County
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-Reischauer Pakch'ŏn-kun
 • Revised Romanization Bakcheon-gun
Country North Korea
Region North Pyongan Province
Administrative divisions 1 ŭp, 20 ri
Area
 • Total 313.6 km2 (121.1 sq mi)

Pakchon County is a kun, or county, in southern North Pyongan province, North Korea. It is bordered to the north by Taechon, to the east and southeast by Nyongbyon, and to the west by Unjon. To the south, it looks across the Chongchon River at Anju city and Mudok county in South Pyongan province. In 1952, 4 myŏn of Pakchon were split off to join Unjon county; since then, the county's administrative divisions have been revised in 1954, 1956, 1958, 1978, 1980, and 1982.

Pakchon's terrain is dominated by rolling hills and plains, with few points exceeding 300 m above sea level. The highest point is Chongryongsan (청룡산, 322 m). The Pakchon Plain spreads over 100 km² along the Taeryong and Chongchon Rivers. The year-round average temperature is 8.8 °C, with temperatures averaging -9.6 °C in January and 23.9 °C in August. The annual rainfall is 1274 mm. Only 30% of the county's terrain is forested, with pine the dominant tree, while 50% is cultivated.

Pakchon is a center of rice production; other crops include maize, soybeans, barley, and wheat. Livestock are also raised, and the county leads North Pyongan in the area devoted to orchards. Mineral resources include gold, silver, and mica. In 1991, it was revealed that nuclear facilities are located in Pakchon.

The temple of Simwonsa in Sangyang-ri is designated North Korean national treasure 21.

Pakchon is home to Pakchon Technical School (박천전문학교).

References[edit]

  • International Information Research Institute (국제정보연구소) (1999). "박천군". 北韓情報總覽 2000 [Bukhan jeongbo chong-ram 2000]. Seoul: Author. pp. 832–833. 

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