Pakistan Merchant Navy

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Civil Ensign of Pakistan

Pakistan Merchant Navy refers to the fleet of state owned merchant vessels barring the flag of Pakistan National Shipping Corporation and Civil Ensign of Pakistan. Currently Pakistan Merchant Navy has a fleet of nine Vessels with the total of 611,411 DWT, which include one multipurpose General Cargo Ship, Three Aframax Oil Tankers and Six Bulk Carriers.

History[edit]

Pakistan Merchant Navy was formed right after independence in 1947. Pakistan inherited a fleet of four privately owned cargo ships. Ministry of Port and Shipping, Mercantile Marine Department and Shipping Office established by the government of Pakistan were authorized to flag the ship and also ensured that the vessel is sea worthy.

In 1963, the National Shipping Ordinance was promulgated and National Shipping Corporation (NSC) was established which procured its first used ship, M.V. Rupsa in 1965. The national fleet comprised some 53 vessels which were owned by 10 private shipping companies. The national fleet strength grew to a record 71 vessels just prior to the separation of East Pakistan and its emergence as Bangladesh in 1971. The fleet strength declined to 57 vessels after the separation.

On 1 January 1974 President of Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto nationalized National Shipping Corporation (NSC) and Pakistan Shipping Corporation (PSC) and other private shipping companies. Nine private shipping companies with a total of 26 ships were nationalized. The national fleet strength increased to 51 vessels including 26 ships under the management of nine nationalized companies and 25 ships with the state-owned NSC. In 1977, 14 ships were inducted in the Pakistan Shipping Corporation (PSC) during the Fifth Five-Year Plan. Two years later, NSC and PSC were merged to form the Pakistan National Shipping Corporation (PNSC) which still remains the sole state-owned shipping corporation.

Later other nationalized companies were also merged into a single company as the Pakistan National Shipping Corporation, incorporated under the provisions of the Pakistan National Shipping Corporation Ordinance of 1979 and the Companies Ordinance of 1984, respectively. The total fleet strength increased to 60 ships with the induction of 14 vessels in the late 1970s and early 1980s. PNSC enjoyed a complete monopoly till the early 1990s when the shipping sector was deregulated by the Nawaz Sharif government.

Currently, the PNSC manages a fleet of 10 vessels which includes One Multipurpose General Cargo ship, 3 Aframax Oil Tankers, and Five Bulk Carriers with 660,411 DWT. Pakistan Tanker Company, a subsidiary of PNSC also has a single tanker for crude oil imports.

Muhammadi Steamship Company Limited[edit]

The company was incorporated on 12 May 1947.[1] In 1949, it became the first Pakistani shipping line to be publicly listed on the Karachi Stock Exchange.[2]

Muhammadi House on McLeod Road (now I. I. Chundrigar Road) was the headquarters of the company.[3]

The company was nationalized by the Government of Pakistan under then President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. It was later merged with other Pakistani nationalized shipping companies to create the Pakistan National Shipping Corporation.

East and West Steamship Company[edit]

East & West Steamship Company was one of the oldest locally owned shipping line in Pakistan until it was nationalised in 1974. Its ship, SS Fatima was the first ship ever registered at the newly established Port of Registry at Karachi in August 1948.[4] It was owned by the Cowasjee family. The company was restructured as the 'East and West Steamship Co. Ltd.' in 1961

National Shipping Corporation[edit]

The National Shipping Corporation (NSC) was established under the National Shipping Corporation Ordinance, 1963, with a view to provide efficient shipping services. The Corporation was managed by a Board of nine directors, out of which five including the Chairman, the Managing Director and the Financial Director were appointed by the Central Government and remaining four were elected by the share holders from each Province. The authorized capital of the Corporation was Rs. 250 million and the subscribed capital was to be Rs. 50 million. The share of Central Government in the capital was 25% and the balance of 75% was raised from the public in East and West Pakistan on the basis of parity.

Pakistan Shipping Corporation[edit]

In 1974 the Federal Government decided to take over the management and control of entire shipping in Pakistan, including NSC through promulgation of the Pakistan Maritime Shipping (Regulation and control) Ordinance, 1974 which later on became an Act. In September, 1976 the Federal Government established the Pakistan Shipping Corporation (PSC) under the Pakistan Shipping Corporation Act, 1976, to take charge of ten shipping companies and operate as a parallel corporation with the National Shipping Corporation (NSC).

Pakistan National Shipping Corporation[edit]

PNSC Building on the right
Pakistan National Shipping Corporation
Type Shipping industry
Industry Shipping and Vessel Industry
Genre Megacorporation
Founded 1971
Founder(s) Prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Headquarters

PNSC Building, Moulvi Tamizuddin Khan Road, Karachi – 74000 (Head Office)

Karachi, Pakistan
Number of locations Gulberg Heights, Lower ground floor, Near sherpao bridge Gulberg, Lahore, Pakistan (Regional Office)
Key people Muhammad Siddique Memon [5]
(Chairman, CEO)
Products Cargo Ships, Tankers, Container ships, and Bulk carriers
Revenue PKR Rs. 2000 Million (2010) Increase
Operating income Rs. 1320.63 Million , Increase
Owner(s) Government Share 77.13%
PNSC Employees Empowerment Trust (12%)
Financial institutions (3.80%)
Individuals (7.07%)
Parent Pakistan National Shipping Corporation Ordinance of 1979

Pakistan National Shipping Corporation is the national flag carrier managing a fleet of 09 vessels. The Corporation's head office is located in Karachi. A regional office based in Lahore caters for upcountry shipping requirements. The Corporation also has an extensive overseas network of agents looking after its world wide shipping business.

The Pakistan National Shipping Corporation (PNSC) is a state-owned megacorporation and run under the management control of the Ministry of Ports and Shipping of Government of Pakistan.

Pakistan National Shipping Corporation has the following nine subsidiary companies:

  • Chitral Shipping (Private) Limited.
  • Hyderabad Shipping (Private) Limited.
  • Kaghan Shipping (Private) Limited.
  • Malakand Shipping (Private) Limited.
  • Multan Shipping (Private) Limited.
  • Sibi Shipping (Private) Limited.
  • Karachi Shipping (Private) Limited.
  • Lahore Shipping (Private) Limited.
  • Quetta Shipping (Private) Limited.

Fleet[edit]

Muhammadi Steamship Company Limited[edit]

Ship Built Tonnage Builder In Service Fate Notes
Al Murtaza Ali 1942 7235 GRT West Coast Shipbuilders, Vancouver as 'Fort Norman' 1948 - 1954 Sold in 1954 to United Oriental Steamship Company, Karachi and renamed ANWARBAKSH
Husaini later Al Husaini 1943 7157 GRT North Vancouver Ship Repairers Ltd., North Vancouver as 'Fort Clatsop' 1948 - 1968 Broken up at Karachi in November 1968 Renamed in 1949
Ahmadi later Al Ahmadi 1920 5186 GRT Todd Dry Dock & Construction Company, Tacoma as 'Pallas' 1948 - 1954 Broken up at Karachi in 1954 Renamed in 1949
Al Hasan 1943 7165 GRT North Vancouver Ship Repairers Ltd., North Vancouver as 'Fort St. Antoine' 1949 - 1964 Broken up at Karachi in February 1964
Colima later Al Chisti 1917 1306 GRT Sodra Varfvets Nya A/B, Stockholm as 'Svealand' 1949 - 1954 Broken up at Karachi in 1954 Renamed in 1950
Al-Sayyada 1944 7165 GRT Victoria Machinery Depot Company, Victoria B.C. as 'Hastings Park' 1952 - 1967 Broken up at Karachi in November 1967 First ship to dry dock at Karachi Shipyard.[2][6]
Al Ahmadi 1940 5361 GRT Lithgows Ltd., Port Glasgow as 'Risaldar' 1958 - 1966 Broken up at Karachi in June 1966
Al-Abbas 1967 6087 GRT Karachi Shipyard 1967 - 1971 Sunk on 16 August 1971 in Operation Jackpot by the Mukti Bahini commandoes at Chittagong First merchant ship built at Karachi Shipyard.[2][6]

East & West Shipping Company[edit]

Ship Built In service for Company Type Tonnage Reference Fate Notes
SS Fatima 1942 1948 - 1956 Steel; cargo ship 671 GRT [7] Scrapped in March 1962 Built as H.M.I.S. 'Shillong' (naval trawler) by Burn & Co. Ltd., Calcutta, converted in 1948
SS Figura 1943 1948 - post 1959 Steel; cargo ship 482 GRT Built as H.M.I.S. 'Cuttack' (naval trawler) by Burn & Co. Ltd., Calcutta, converted in 1949
SS Firishta 1942 1948 - post 1959 Steel; cargo ship 467 GRT Built as H.M.I.S. 'Poona' (naval trawler) by Hooghly Dkg. & Engineering Co. Ltd., Calcutta, converted in 1948
SS Fritha 1942 1948 - post 1959 Steel; cargo ship 467 GRT Built as H.M.I.S. 'Agra' (naval trawler) by Hooghly Dkg. & Engineering Co. Ltd., Calcutta, converted in 1948
SS Forma 1941 1948 - post 1959 Steel; tug 471 GRT Built as H.M.I.S. 'Travancore' (naval trawler) by Garden Reach Workshop Ltd., Calcutta, converted in 1952
SS Fravarta 1942 1948 - post 1959 Steel; tug 445 GRT Built as H.M.I.S. 'Karachi' (naval trawler) by Alcock, Ashdwon & Co. Ltd., Bombay, converted in 1949
SS Firoza 1913 1947 - 1966 Steel; cargo ship 4279 GRT Broken up at Karachi in October 1966 Built as 'Falls City' by Ropner & Co. Ltd., Stockton-on-Tees
SS Firdausa 1923 1949 - 1963 Steel; cargo ship 7938 GRT Broken up at Karachi in April 1963 Built as 'London Importer' by Furness S.B. Company, Haverton Hill
SS Futura 1919 1951 - 1960 Steel; cargo ship 6869 GRT Broken up at Karachi in October 1960 Built as 'Crosskeys' by Skinner & Eddy, Seattle
SS Fausta 1922 1951 - 1963 Steel; cargo ship 5055 GRT Broken up at Karachi in October 1963 Built as 'Schwarzald' by Deutsche Werft, Tollerort
SS Fatakarda later Minocher Cowasjee 1920 1950 - 1957 Steel; cargo ship 6,640 GRT [8][9] Foundered in 1957 Reported 24/01/1957 in distress in position 24°18′00″N 66°00′00″E / 24.30000°N 66.00000°E / 24.30000; 66.00000, on passage Dairen for Cape Town and Antwerp Built as 'Parisiana' by Irvine's Shipbuilding & Drydocks & Co., West Hartlepool. Renamed from 'Fatakarda' to 'Minocher Cowasjee' in 1955.
SS Fakirjee Cowasjee 1925 1952 - 1967 Steel; cargo ship 5328 GRT Broken up at Karachi in June 1967 Built as 'Manchester Commerce' by Furness S.B. Company, Haverton Hill
SS Feronia 1940 1958 - 1970 Steel; cargo ship 5095 GRT Broken up at Karachi in September 1970 Built as 'Orient City' by Furness S.B. Company, Haverton Hill
MV Rustom 1953 1961 - 1974 Steel; passenger & cargo liner 9547 GRT Broken up at Gadani Beach in November 1980 Built as 'Santa Teresa' by Howaldtswerke, Hamburg
MV Ohrmazd 1968 1968 - 1974 Steel; passenger & cargo liner 11,046 GRT [10] Broken up at Gadani Beach, arrived 6 July 1994 Built by Burntisland Shipbuilding Company, Fife, Scotland

Pakistan National Shipping Corporation[edit]

Ship Built In service for the company Type Tonnage Reference Fate Notes
MV Islamabad 1983 1983–Present Multi-Purpose General Cargo 12395 GRT [11] Scrapped in 2013 Built at Karachi Shipyard, Pakistan.
MT Quetta 2003 2008–Present Aframax Oil Tanker 58118 GRT [12][13] Currently in use Built by Imabari Shipbuilding Co. Ltd, Japan.
MT Lahore 2003 2010–Present Aframax Oil Tanker 58157 GRT [14][15] Currently in use Built by Imabari Shipbuilding Co. Ltd, Japan
MT Karachi 2003 2010–Present Aframax Oil Tanker 58127 GRT [16][17] Currently in use Built by Imabari Shipbuilding Co. Ltd, Japan
MV Kaghan 1986 2006–Present Bulk Carrier 36098 GRT [18][19] Currently in use Built by Namura Ship Building Co., Japan
MV Chitral 2003 2010–Present Handymax Bulk Carrier 26395 GRT [20][21] Currently in use Built by Oshima Shipbuilding Co. Ltd, Japan
MV Malakand 2004 2010–Present Panamax Bulk Carrier 40040 GRT [22][23] Currently in use Built by Sasebo Heavy Industry Co. Ltd, Sasebo, Japan
MV Hyderabad 2004 2011–Present Supramax Bulk Carrier 29364 GRT [24][25] Currently in use Built in Oshima Shipyard, Nagasaki, Japan
MV Sibi 2009 2011–Present Handysize Bulk Carrier 17018 GRT [26][27] Currently in use Built by Imabari Shipbuilding Co. Ltd, Marugame, Japan
MV Multan 2002 2012–Present Supramax Bulk Carrier 27986 GRT [28][29] Currently in use Built by Mitsui Engineering & Ship Building Co. Ltd. TAMANO Works, Japan
MV Bolan 1980 1980-2010 Multipurpose General Cargo 12395 GRT [30] Scrapped in 2010 Built by Kawasaki Kobe Japan
MV Khairpur 1981 1981-2011 Multipurpose General Cargo 13402 GRT [30][31] Scrapped in 2011 Built by Gdansk Shipyard

Gdansk, Poland

MV Sargodha 1980 1980-2012 Multipurpose General Cargo 12395 GRT [30] Scrapped in 2012 Built by Oshima Shipbuilding Saikai, Japan
MV Makran 1979 1979-2009 Multipurpose General Cargo 16199 GRT [30][32] Scrapped in 2009 Built by Nakskov Skibsvaerft Nakskov, Denmark
MV Chitral 1980 1980-2009 Multipurpose General Cargo 12395 GRT [30][33] Scrapped in 2009 Built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries Kobe, Japan. Not to be confused with MV Chitral Bulk Carrier
MV Hyderabad 1980 1980-2009 Multipurpose General Cargo 12395 GRT [30][34][35] Sold to M/S Blue Seas Marine Mitsui Tamano Engineering & Shipbuilding Tamano, Japan. Not to be confused with MV Hyderabad Bulk Carrier
MV Malakand 1980 1980-2009 Multipurpose General Cargo 18224 GRT [30][36] Sold to M/S Blue Seas Marine Ihi Marine United Tokyo, Japan. Not to be confused with MV Malakand Bulk Carrier
MV Sibi 1981 1986-2009 Multipurpose General Cargo 13402 GRT [30][37] Sold to M/S Blue Seas Marine Built in GDANSK Shipyard Poland
MV Kaghan 1981 1981-2004 Multipurpose General Cargo 10246 GRT [30] Sold to Cheer Glory Traders China Built in Bremen. Not to be confused with MV Kaghan Bulk Carrier.
MV Multan 1980 1980-2012 Multipurpose General Cargo 12395 GRT [30] Scrapped in 2012 Built in Japan.
MV Murree 1981 1981-1989 Multipurpose General Cargo 11940 GRT [38] Sank at 49°57′30″N 3°14′5″W / 49.95833°N 3.23472°W / 49.95833; -3.23472, near by cities Plymouth, Bournemouth, Cardiff in strong typhoon, 1989. All crew rescued by Royal Air force Built by A&P Group, Sunderland, United Kingdom.
MT Johar 1985 2003-2009 Oil Tanker 49688 GRT [30] Sold to Cheer Glory Traders, China Built by Navantia Carenas Ferrol, Spain
MT Lalazar 1984 2005-2009 Oil Tanker 49688 GRT [30] Scrapped in 2009 Built by Fincanteri Monfalcone Trieste, Italy.
MT Sawat 1985 2003-2010 Oil Tanker 49601 GRT [30] Scrapped in 2010 Built by Fincanteri Monfalcone Trieste, Italy.
MT Shalamar 1981 2003-2007 Oil Tanker 54474 GRT [30] Scrapped in 2007 Built in Sanoyas Mizushima Works & Shipyard Kurashiki, Japan

Pakistan Marine Academy[edit]

Pakistan Marine Academy Flag.jpg

Pakistan Marine Academy was established in 1962 in Chittagong, East Pakistan (now in Bangladesh) under Colombo Plan to produce qualified seafarers who can meet the standards set down by STCW Convention. It began functioning from 3 September 1962. After Indo-Pakistan War of 1971 the institution was shifted in Karachi and was housed temporarily in two blocks of Haji Camp. Later in 1973 Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto inaugurated a new campus at Mauripur, Karachi. Pakistan Marine Academy is the branch of World Maritime University, Malmö, Sweden and it is producing 170 Deck and Engine Cadets each year.

Merchant Navy Rank Insignia of Deck Officers and Engineer Officers[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Malik, Iftikhar Ahmed, "History of Pakistan Merchant Navy 1947- 2009" Karachi 2010 (privately published) pg 5
  2. ^ a b c Malik, Iftikhar Ahmed, History of Pakistan Merchant Navy 1947- 2009 Karachi 2010 (privately published) pg 6
  3. ^ Malik, Iftikhar Ahmed, History of Pakistan Merchant Navy 1947- 2009 Karachi 2010 (privately published) pg 7
  4. ^ Malik, Iftikhar Ahmed, History of Pakistan Merchant Navy 1947- 2009 Karachi 2010 (privately published) pg 12
  5. ^ "Muhammad Siddique Memon HI (M) (Chairman/CEO)". 
  6. ^ a b Malik, Iftikhar Ahmed, "History of Pakistan Merchant Navy 1947- 2009" Karachi 2010 (privately published) pg 8
  7. ^ || Broken up in March 1962 Malik, Iftikhar Ahmed, History of Pakistan Merchant Navy 1947- 2009 Karachi 2010 (privately published) pg 15
  8. ^ Allen, Tony (2010-04-11). "SS Minocher Cowasjee (+1957)". The Wreck Site. The Wreck Site. Retrieved 2011-06-16. 
  9. ^ Malik, Iftikhar Ahmed, History of Pakistan Merchant Navy 1947- 2009 Karachi 2010 (privately published) pg 14
  10. ^ http://www.burntisland.net/ohrmazd.htm
  11. ^ http://www.pnsc.com.pk/fleet-islamabad.html
  12. ^ http://www.pnsc.com.pk/fleet-quetta.html
  13. ^ http://www.onesource.com/free/Pakistan-National-Shipping-Corporation/Company/Profile/42439568
  14. ^ http://www.pnsc.com.pk/fleet-lahore.html
  15. ^ http://www.mis.gr/main/content/view/2166/41/lang,en/
  16. ^ http://www.pnsc.com.pk/fleet-karachi.html
  17. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan_National_Shipping_Corporation#History
  18. ^ http://www.pnsc.com.pk/fleet-kaghan.html
  19. ^ http://www.pakinvestorsguide.com/index.php?topic=125.0
  20. ^ http://www.pnsc.com.pk/fleet-chitral.html
  21. ^ http://alsuffa.blogspot.com/2011/01/pnsc-first-handymax-bulk-carrier-mv.html
  22. ^ http://www.pnsc.com.pk/fleet-malakand.html
  23. ^ http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2010\12\29\story_29-12-2010_pg5_10
  24. ^ http://www.pnsc.com.pk/fleet-hyderabad.html
  25. ^ http://dawn.com/2011/04/23/pnsc-acquires-supramax-bulk-carrier/
  26. ^ http://www.pnsc.com.pk/fleet-sibi.html
  27. ^ http://dawn.com/2011/05/19/pnsc-buys-bulk-carrier/
  28. ^ http://www.pnsc.com.pk/fleet-multan.html
  29. ^ http://www.pnsc.com.pk/multan-new.html
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n http://www.pakakhbar.com/civil/portship/pnsc.html
  31. ^ http://www.shipspotting.com/gallery/photo.php?lid=1055825
  32. ^ http://www.shipspotting.com/gallery/photo.php?lid=316959
  33. ^ http://www.shipspotting.com/gallery/photo.php?lid=419673
  34. ^ http://www.shipspotting.com/gallery/photo.php?lid=678890
  35. ^ http://www.geo.tv/1-14-2009/32635.htm
  36. ^ http://www.shipspotting.com/gallery/photo.php?lid=783622
  37. ^ http://www.pnsc.com.pk/fleets/SIBI.html
  38. ^ http://wikimapia.org/7806351/MV-Murree-Wreck

External links[edit]