Pakistan Television Corporation

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Pakistan Television Corporation
Type Mass Media
Traded as PTV
Industry Media industry
Founded November 26, 1964; 49 years ago (1964-11-26)
Headquarters Karachi and Islamabad, Pakistan
Area served Worldwide
Nationwide
Key people Muhammad Malick
(Managing Director)
Sarvar Munir Rao
(Executive Director)
Ministry of Information and Mass-media Broadcasting
(Board of Governors)
Revenue Increase Rs. 156Mn[citation needed]
Operating income Increase Rs. 171.8[citation needed]
Net income Increase Rs. 38 Mn[citation needed]
Total assets Increase Rs. 287Mn— Rs. 143.1Mn[citation needed]
Owner(s) Government of Pakistan
Employees ~6,000
Parent Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation
Website ptv.com.pk

Pakistan Television Corporation (Urdu: پاكِستان ٹیلی وژن نیٹ ورک‎; reporting name: PTV) is a public and commercial broadcasting television network, as well as a mass-media state-owned megacorporation, headquarters at Islamabad, Pakistan.

Founded on November 26, 1964, by an international-sector organization NEC, under license from the Government of Pakistan,[1] PTV was the first major televised media broadcasting network in Pakistan and currently operates under the government-ownership management of the government of Pakistan.[1] Although it was originally under private-ownership management, the PTV was integrated under government-ownership in a nationalization programme in 1970, after failing to produce targeted revenue.[1] The PTV is one of the well-expanded broadcasting network infrastructure and media broadcasting divisions in cities of Pakistan and abroad. For the most of the 20th century, the PTV enjoyed a dominant position in media outlets until the start of the 21st century and was one of the two major television networks in the country.

The end of PTV's monopoly in 2000 led to a boom in electronic media, which gained greater political influence in country's political spectrum. As of today, the PTV competes with the private television channels and remains a potent asset of government of Pakistan.

Background[edit]

Historical context[edit]

The idea of establishing a media and television industry was conceived in late 1956 and created by the privately set up national education commission, with the support of President Ayub Khan.[1] In 1961, the private sector media mogul and industrialist Syed Wajid Ali launched a television industrial development project, bringing the role of an electrical engineer Ubaidur Rahman of Wajid Ali's Engineering Division as the project director of the first television station in Lahore.[1] Ali reached a milestone in 1961 after establishing a private television broadcasting company with the cooperation of Nipon Electric Company (NEC) of Japan and Thomas Television International of United Kingdom.[1]

In 1963, a public meeting was chaired by President Ayub Khan; therefore the government decided the television station and media industry in the country.[1] Since 1963, its headquarters are in Islamabad, near the Cabinet Secretariat. From 1961 to '62, a television headquarters was established in Lahore and several pilot transmission tests were taken by Rahman's team. Subsequently many television divisions were established throughout Pakistan by this team, including East-Pakistan.[1]

Early air-on and private ownership[edit]

On 26 November 1962, after an introduction by Wajid Ali, the first news were broadcast which beamed black and white transmission by the PTV. The first programme, formatted by Thomas Television International, telecast amateur programmes with foreign films; the television division in the Punjab Province was established with the help of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Colombo Plan, and the Government of Japan.[1] Private industries commercials were permitted with no fee; initially all the commercials of industrial conglomerates were tax-free with no additional charges.[1]

The PTV remained under the private sector management with more than half of the shares were sold to Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in a fear that all shares would fall into the hands of government in the name of greater interest of the country.[1] President Ayub Khan appointed Ubaidur Rahman in the Ministry of Information to continue with the NEC joint venture collaboration in launching the PTV.

The project began with a tent on the back lot of Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation by Ubaidur Rahman where a transmission tower and a studio were constructed by his team. On 26 November 1964, President Ayub Khan inaugurated the first official television station commencing transmission broadcasts from Lahore, followed by Dhaka, Bangladesh in 1965 (then the capital of East Pakistan), a third centre was established in Rawalpindi and Islamabad in 1965 and the fourth in Karachi in 1966.[1] On 29 May 1967, the private company established as "Pakistan Television Corporation" under the Company Act, 1913, with private sector remains charged with broadcasting the television.[1]

Nationalization[edit]

In 1971, the PTV was brought completely under the government ownership management under a nationalization programme and expanded its network infrastructure in all over the country.[1] Later centres in Peshawar and Quetta were established by 1974. Originally broadcast in black and white, PTV began colour transmission in 1976.[2] With this new upgrade in techniques and equipment, the Pakistan Television Academy was founded and opened in 1987 to teach students who wished to work in the medium. As with the other agreement, the government financed most of the funds while the private venture capitalists offered to fund the remainder. PTV launched a full-scale satellite broadcasting service in 1991-92; Digital TV satellite broadcasting was launched in 1999.[1]

Television programmes[edit]

During the decades of the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s, PTV dramas and teleplays were considered as the best in the Indian subcontinent.[citation needed] These included Khuda Ki Basti, Unkahi, Tanhaiyaan, Aangan Terha, Fifty Fifty, Studio Dhai (2-1/2), Studio Ponay Teen (2-3/4), Andehra Ujala, Sona Chandi, Uncle Urfi, Taleem-e-Baalighan, Alif Noon, Waaris, Dhoop Kinare, Sunehray Din,Guest House Alpha Bravo Charlie, Ana, Akhri Chatan, Zair, Zabar, Pesh and block buster serials like Dhuwan, Kath Putli, Wafa Ham Nibhaein Gai, Bandhan, Kaghaz Kay Phool, Muqqdas, Bint-e-Adam, Malangi, Sawan, Sheela Bagh, Tinkay, Aisa Bhi Hota Hai, rasta de zindgi, Chuban, Kuch Lamhay, khuwahesho kay sarab, and many others

State capital revenue[edit]

Unlike other state-run corporations, the television company was allowed by the Government of Pakistan to raise a sizable amount of private capital to finance the stations. This includes a Rs.35 per month TV fee charge to all consumers of electricity.[3]

Policy[edit]

The broader perspective to start electronic media in the country was to inform and educate the people through wholesome entertainment and to inculcate in them a greater awareness of their own history, heritage, current problems and development as well as knowledge of the world at large.

In fulfillment of its broad and main objectives, PTV's telecast policy concerning matters of national and international interests has always been motivated and guided by the cardinal principles of educating viewers about the values that are vitally important in building a united, integrated and disciplined society. These objectives have successfully been achieved through programs on religion, education, entertainment and culture.

The projection of new, emerging social order is highlighted in PTV's general programming focusing directly and indirectly on themes like morality, civic or national responsibilities, drive against narcotics, environmental pollution, agricultural reforms in discussions, shows, and through anchorpersons in the transmission.

PTV channels are family oriented and the salient features of its policy are as follows:

  • PTV Corporation's broadcasts are family oriented; they carters the need of local audience by showing eastern family programs.
  • It acts on social development theory of media: That’s why it shows informative programs about health and social issues.
  • It censors commercials and holds a conservative standard as compared to other channels.
  • It supports government policies on national and international matters.

Channels[edit]

PTV can be received via satellite in South Asia, East Asia and the Middle East, Africa, Europe. North America. Selected programming can be seen on Prime TV (with a partnership) in the United Kingdom and Europe.

PTV operates following channels:

  • PTV Home – (The original PTV) 24-hour entertainment channel, the transmission is broadcast across Pakistan on terrestrial network and worldwide through satellite. The content of the terrestrial and satellite channel is different, for example, terrestrial programming includes live telecast of Pakistan's cricket matches but satellite channel cannot broadcast these matches.
  • PTV News – 24-hour news channel which can be viewed in many parts of the globe.
  • PTV National - An emphasis on broadcasting programmes in different languages to represent the whole of Pakistan.
  • AJK TV - For the residents of Azad Kashmir.
  • PTV Bolan - For speakers of Balochi Pashto and Brahvi.
  • PTV Global - Offered exclusively for the Pakistani diaspora in the United States on Dish Network, and recently launched in Europe.
  • PTV Sports - a 24-hour sports channel that started from January 2012
  • PTV World - started as PTV-2 in 1992 as first satellite channel of Pakistan was given a new name of PTV World in 1998 and went off air in 2007, it was re-launched as a 24-hour English channel in January 2013.
  • PTV Prime (Now Prime TV), Prime TV had been a part of PTV Family from 1998 till 2005 as an exclusive broadcast of PTV for Europe and North America.
  • Channel-3, a 24 hour channel. a joint venture of PTV and STN (Shalimar Television Network), launched in 1999/2001 and went off air in 2005

Administrative divisions of PTV[edit]

News division[edit]

Pakistan Television News informs its viewers across the country on the latest newsworthy happenings on the national and international levels. During the past few years, there has been rapid expansion in the area and scope of news coverage.

  • Following the Pakistani private news channels, PTV News gives on-camera reporting and special news reports.
  • PTV news broadcasts stretch over from early morning till midnight. There are news bulletins in Urdu, English, Arabic and Kashmiri languages. All the news bulletins after 6.00 p.m. are being aired on the national network which are beamed through satellite to more than 38 countries.
  • Regional language bulletins include Punjabi from Lahore Centre, Sindhi from Karachi Centre, Pushto and Hindko from Peshawar, and Baluchi, Pushto and Bravi from Quetta Centre are telecast.
  • To bring home maximum coverage of international events, PTV news has made arrangements with Reuters TV, London, to satellite news items to PTV Islamabad round the clock. PTV news covers all visits abroad of VVIPs, international conferences and important other events through its own camera teams and makes possible to air them same night.
  • Like international networks, PTV news sent its camera team to Afghanistan to cover the fighting and plight of the common man there.

Current affairs[edit]

Current affairs programmes have been a regular features of PTV Transmission, ever since its inception. A separate PTV Current Affairs Directorate was established in 1982.

Current affairs programmes, including regional languages, produced by each of the TV Centre are accommodated in regular PTV transmission. The themes of regional language programs mainly revolve around local and provincial matters of current affairs nature. The Current Affairs Division produces programs on special occasions such as live telecast of Armed Forces Parade on Pakistan Day, live telecast of flag hoisting ceremony on Independence Day, Head of State's Address to the Nation, documentaries on important national projects, live telecast of certain sessions of Senate and National Assembly. In the program Open Forum, Federal Ministers/Minister of States are invited to answer the questions through e-mail, on Telephone and by Media/Experts sitting in the various studios of Ptv. This program is live and is very popular amongst viewers.

Sports division[edit]

  • Division was created in 1983 to provide healthy entertainment to viewers. It has emerged as an extremely productive and earning division for the PTV.
  • The chief objectives of this division are to arrange healthy sports entertainment through the coverage of exciting moments and happening in the field of sports and to keep the viewers abreast with the National and International sports event.
  • Sports Division is producing 200 minutes regular weekly transmission on PTV apart from occasional international/national sports coverage. PTV televises live national and international sports around the world, keeping in view the interest of Pakistani viewers.

International relations[edit]

I R Division of participates in the international television festivals/competitions sending best the PTV programs. PTV has won distinguished prizes and commendations.

A large number of programs have been sold for telecast in counties which resulted from the strength of the financial condition of PTV. M/s Shalimar Recording and Broadcasting Company and M/s Sports Star International are the major distributors of PTV programmes.

A lot of PTV plays and documentaries have been provided to foreign countries through ministries and missions abroad on gratis basis for the projection of Pakistan and its people.

Dubbing and editing is carrying out by I.R. Division. Some selected programs are subtitled in English and Arabic languages for overseas projection especially for Muslim countries. Documentaries from National Geographic are being televised with Urdu dubbing. A series of animated imported programme "Treasure Island" is being dubbed in Urdu language for telecast. PTV has recently provided the satellite facilities to foreign agencies with regard to nuclear tests and earned approximately US$04/- LAC.

PTV has procured foreign canned programs on hire/rental basis. PTV procures foreign programs including feature films, cartoons, science fiction, comedy, adventure, classic drama serials/series and general programs.

PTV Film Censor Board[edit]

PTV Censor Board was formed in 1968 headed by Director Programs Administration. It was separately instituted within PTV on the approval of Secretary Ministry of I&MD in December 1980 to clear and certify bulk of imported and locally acquired programs with speed and efficiency. Consultant News/Current Affairs/Presentation presently heads the Board.

Engineering[edit]

The Engineering Division takes care of the day-to-day operations and maintenance of PTV Centres and Rebroadcast Stations, new projects, Planning & Procurement, as well as research and Development activities.

An engineering feat at the time Pakistan began television transmissions in 1964 at Lahore long before its neighbors Iran in [1967] and India in [1971]. Over the years the system has grown into a Countrywide network offering two programming channels.

  • 1961 Phillips Conceptual B&W Test at Expo Fair in Karachi, Pakistan.
  • 1962 Private Test Transmissions in Lahore, Pakistan.
  • 1964 Television service (PTV) in monochrome started at Lahore with Nippon Electric Company (NEC) Collaboration.
  • 1965 Television service starts in Dhaka, East Pakistan (presently Bangladesh).
  • 1965 Transmission begins in Rawalpindi/Islamabad.
  • 1966 Transmission begins in Karachi.
  • 1973 National Microwave Network commissioned linking TV centres..
  • 1974 Quetta/Peshawar centres commissioned.
  • 1976 Colour transmission started.
  • 1987 Federal TV centre at Islamabad commissioned.
  • 1992 Second TV Channel (PTV 2) for education commissioned. (One TV station at Islamabad & 16 rebroadcast stations).
  • 1996 Local area transmission from four (4) stations started and extended to 3 more stations.
  • 1998 Transmission of PTV World programmes started.
  • 1998 Up to six production centres (Lahore, Karachi, Quetta, Peshawar, Islamabad-I & Islamabad-II). 35 rebroadcast stations in operation for PTV-1. 16 rebroadcast stations in operation for PTV-2.
  • PTV-1 - Area covered: 38%; Population covered: 86.48%
  • PTV-2 - Area covered: 24.19%; Population covered: 55.83%

Training academy[edit]

Main article: PTV Academy

Established in 1987, Pakistan Television Academy is an apex TV institution in Pakistan, which imparts professional training in disciplines of television broadcast technology. It is headed by a full-time director and assisted by a team of television professionals who are members of the academic faculty.

Till June 1998, over 3100 persons have attended training programmes conducted by PTV Academy. These participants attended training courses in Engineering, Computer, Finance, Administration, News, Current Affairs and Programmes Production. They include visiting participants from other countries including SAARC members.

Year 2012[edit]

Year 2012 saw a rapid popularity in PTV programs. PTV gathered huge viewership and TRP ratings by covering 2012 ICC World Twenty20 and top rated drama serial on PTV Talafi.

[edit]

Ubaidur Rahman the first GM and originator of PTV commissioned Pakistan's supremo artist A. R. Chughtai to design a conceptual logo for PTV, this logo was later redesigned with minor modifications by another leading artist Shahzad Nawaz Khan for a more up to date look.

Staff[edit]

The early team[edit]

  • Ubaidur Rahman, First GM, (Founder and Chief Executive of PTV), by appointment of President Ayub Khan
  • Nisar Hussain (First program producer of PTV)
  • Zubair Chaudry
  • Mustafa Kamal Mandokhail
  • Aslam Azhar, Producer
  • Muslehuddin
  • Mumtaz Hamid Rao
  • Zafar Samdani
  • Tariq Aziz

Managing director[edit]

Muhammad Malick is the managing director .

PTV personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Logan, Stephen; UNESCO (2008). "Television in Pakistan" (google books). In Indrajit Banerjee. Asian Communication Handbook, 2008. New, York, United States (United Nations Secretariat): Asian Media Information and Communication Centre. pp. 377–400. ISBN 978-981-4136-10-5. Retrieved 5 June 2012. 
  2. ^ History of Pakistan Television Network
  3. ^ AsiaMedia :: PAKISTAN: PTV to earn Rs4bn through license fee: New collection system
  4. ^ PTV News

External links[edit]