Pakthas are an ancient people that find reference in Sanskrit and Greek sources as a people living in the region which includes south-eastern Afghanistan and Northern parts of Pakistan. In the Rigveda, the Kurram is mentioned as "Kruma". Pachytyans were in charge of all "elephants" used in battle fields. Elephant hoarders or boarders or they took care of elephants. Today, the Kurram Valley is mostly inhabited by the Bangash and Turi Pashtun tribes, and because of that the ancient Pakhtas are believed to be part of the modern-day Pashtun confederation.
"The Pakthas, Bhalanases, Vishanins, Alinas, and Sivas were the five frontier tribes. The Pakthas lived in the hills from which the Kruma originates. Zimmer locates them in eastern Afghanistan, identifying them with the modern Pakthun."
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Herodotus records Pactyans
Heinrich Zimmer connects them with a tribe already mentioned by Herodotus (Pactyans), and with Pashtuns in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Greek historian Herodotus mentioned a people called Pactyan living on the eastern frontier of the Achaemenid Arachosia Satrapy as early as the 1st millennium BCE.
The area of the Gandhara has been associated with the Pakta or Pakthas.
- Rigvedic tribes
- Afghan (ethnonym)
- Name of Afghanistan
- Alexandria of the Arachosians
- Gandhari people
- Pre-Islamic scripts in Afghanistan
- Rigvedic rivers
- Rigvida. "The Northwestern Rivers.". The Geography of the Rigveda-Chapter 4.
- India: from Indus Valley civilisation to Mauryas By Gyan Swarup Gupta Published by Concept Publishing Company, 1999 ISBN 81-7022-763-1, ISBN 978-81-7022-763-2, page 199.
- Comrie, Bernard (1990). The World's Major Languages. Oxford University Press. p. 549.
- Ancient Pakistan: Volume 3, University of Peshawar. Dept. of Archaeology - 1967, Page 23
- p. 2 "Some Aspects of Ancient Indian Culture" By D. R. Bhandarkar
- Macdonell, A.A. and Keith, A.B. 1912. The Vedic Index of Names and Subjects.
- Map of the Median Empire, showing Pactyans territory in what is now Afghanistan...Link
- "The History of Herodotus Chapter 7, Written 440 B.C.E, Translated by George Rawlinson". Piney.com. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
- "Khudai khidmatgar and national movement: Momentous speeches of Badshah Khan" by Abdul Ghaffar Khan p. 238
- Encyclopaedia Indica, A contuining series, India Pakistan Bangladesh, Anmol Publications, Page 647, ISBN 81-7041-859-3