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|Rajasthani • Hindi • kurukh • Haryanvi|
|Hinduism, Kuruvanshi Kshatriya|
Pal-Kshatryia are a group of Kshatriya clans. The Pala Dynasty is said to originate from this ethnic group. This word was in evidence ranging from the Pala Dynasty of Bengal to those of Pallavas of South India.
The "Ain-i-Akbari" describes them as being a proud, refractory and domineering race of Rajputs, living in the Basim Sircar and, with numerous armed forces, occupying the forts and controlling the surrounding districts. Their original home is said to be Gokul Vrindavan near Mathura. From Gokul, they are said to have moved to Mewar and from Mewar to have spread into Gujarat and Maharashtra.
Other clan names (titles)
They are also known as Pal Kshatriya, Pali Rajput, Rajpal or Rajpai, Rajpali, Baghel in the northern part of country. In certain districts of Haryana and Rajasthan, they are not referred to as Maratha Rajput (Maratha or Mahratta: singular or Marathe or Mahratte: plural, derived from the word Barhatta or Barhatti, i.e. Hatkar or Holkar )
They also call themselves Nikhar / Naikar which might be a corrupted form of Nayak, meaning commandant (नायक) as in case of Holkar Maratha of Indore, they also call themselves as Assal or Asali Dhangar.
During the 6th and 5th centuries BC, when Buddhism was on the rise in India many Kshatriya converted to Buddhism, Later in the 8th century, Adi Shankaracharya gave the call for purification, meanwhile differences arose between the Hinayana (हीनयान) and Mahayana (महायान) Buddhists. Consequently, those who took to Buddhism rejoined the Hindu faith and those who rejoined through the purification began to call themselves Nikhar (निखर), i.e., purified.
They are also called GadArya or GaDri / GaDeri. It is believed, since they were Custodian or Defender of Fort, they are called GadArya गढ़-आर्य (Gada from Hindi: गढ़ Fort + Arya from Hindi: आर्य Custodian).
Other belief is, in Sanskrit GaDri / GaDeri (गड+अरि = गाडरी or गडेरी) means Destroyer of Security or Fence (GaDa from Sanskrit: गड Security or Fence + Ari from Sanskrit: अरि Enemy); they must have been Spearheading of Attack to destroy security / fence of enemy in the Battle.
- Pal-Kshatriya Genealogy The World of Nomads - Page 183 by Shyam Singh Shashi
- The Calcutta review, Volume 80, p. 204
- The Calcutta review. s.n. 1885. pp. 202–. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
- Edward Balfour (1885). The cyclopædia of India and of eastern and southern Asia, commercial industrial, and scientific: products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures. Bernard Quaritch. pp. 87–. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
- Edward Balfour (1976). Encyclopaedia Asiatica, Comprising Indian Subcontinent, Eastern and Southern Asia: O-Rhamneae. Cosmo Publications. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
- The Castes and Tribes of H.E.H. the Nizam's Dominions By Syed Siraj ul Hassan
- The Tribes and Castes of Bombay By Reginald Edward Enthoven
- Rajput and Pal-Kshatriya or Dhangar have same or common Gotras
- R V Russel, The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India, Vol II, p. 118
- Bombay Gazetteer, Vol. IX, Part I, pp. 267–285
- Shashi, Shyam Singh (2006). The world of nomads. New Delhi: Lotus Press. ISBN 8183820514.
- Contemporary social sciences, Volumes 15-18. Research Foundation. 1977.
- People of India: Maharashtra, Volume 1 by Kumar Suresh Singh