Palace of the Parliament
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|Palace of the Parliament
|Architectural style||Late interpretation of neoclassical architecture|
|Town or city||Bucharest|
|Construction started||25 June 1984|
|Size||270 m by 240 m, 86 m high
92 m underground
12 stories tall
with four additional underground levels currently available and in use (another four in different stages of completion)
|Floor area||340,000 m2 (3,700,000 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Anca Petrescu (chief architect) led a group of 700 architects|
The Palace of the Parliament (Romanian: Palatul Parlamentului) is the seat of the Parliament of Romania. Located on Spirii Hill in central Bucharest, the Palace is the world's largest civilian building with an administrative function and the second largest building in the world after the Pentagon in the United States. It is also the most expensive administrative building and heaviest building.
The Palace was designed by architect Anca Petrescu when she was only 28 years old. It was nearly completed by the Ceaușescu regime as the seat of political and administrative power, though wiping out a large section of the central city. The structure of the building, and construction itself was planned at "Proiect Bucuresti" the main institution of Civil Engineering in Bucharest. The chief of the project was engineer Valentin Georgescu. Nicolae Ceaușescu named it the People's House (Casa Poporului), also known in English as the People's Palace.
Since the Romanian Revolution
Since 1996, the building has housed Romania's Chamber of Deputies, which had previously been housed in the Palace of the Patriarchy; the Romanian Legislative Council and the Romanian Competition Council. The Romanian Senate joined them there in 2005, having previously been housed in the former Communist Party Central Committee building. The Palace also contains a massive array of miscellaneous conference halls, salons, etc. used for a wide variety of other purposes. There are public tours organized in a number of languages. Even so, around 70% of the building remains empty.
In 2003-2004 a glass annex was built, alongside external elevators. This was done to facilitate access to the National Museum of Contemporary Art (MNAC) opened in 2004 inside the west wing of the Palace of Parliament, and to the Museum and Park of Totalitarianism and Socialist Realism, also opened in 2004.
The cafeteria for use of the legislators has been refurbished. Also in the building is the headquarters of the Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI), an organization focused on regional cooperation among governments against cross-border crime.
In 2008, the Palace hosted the 20th NATO summit. In 2010, the politician Silviu Prigoană proposed re-purposing the building into a shopping centre and an entertainment complex. Citing costs, Prigoană said that Parliament should move to a new building, as they occupied only 30 percent of the massive palace. While the proposal has sparked a debate in Romania; politician Miron Mitrea dismissed the idea as a "joke".
- "O capodoperă a geniului românesc: Palatul Parlamentului". 10 May 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- Largest administrative building. Retrieved 29 April 2015
- "Palatul Parlamentului / Casa Poporului" (in Romanian). miculparis.ro. p. 1.
- Tessa Dunlop (7 August 2013). "Romania's costly passion for building churches". BBC News. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "Public Tours At Palace of Parliament (In Romanian)". 10 May 2015..
- Mariusz Czepczyński, Cultural Landscapes of Post-socialist Cities, 2008, Ashgate
- "Nicolae Ceausescu palace 'to be turned into shopping mall'". 4 February 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2013..
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Palace of the Parliament of Romania.|
- Romanian Chamber of Deputies page about the Palace
- Cristina Hanganu-Bresch, People's House - The Building and Rebuilding of Romanian National Consciousness (PDF)