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Temporal range: [1][2]
PSM V27 D413 Fossil scorpion.jpg
Palaeophoneus nuncius fossil from Sweden
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Scorpiones
(unranked): Protoscorpiones
Genus: Palaeophonus
Thorell & Lindström, 1884

Palaeophonus (meaning ancient killer) is the oldest known genus of scorpion.[2] Fossils have been found in Europe. It was virtually identical to modern scorpions. Palaeophonus grew to a lengths of 2.5–3.5 inches (64–89 mm) and would have preyed upon small creatures that lived alongside it, including primitive springtails and millipedes.

Restoration of dorsal side of Palaeophonus nuncius


  1. ^ Laurie, M. (2012). "XIX.—On a Silurian Scorpion and some additional Eurypterid Remains from the Pentland Hills". Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 39 (3): 575. doi:10.1017/S0080456800035109.  edit
  2. ^ a b Dunlop, J. A. (2010). "Geological history and phylogeny of Chelicerata". Arthropod Structure & Development 39 (2–3): 124. doi:10.1016/j.asd.2010.01.003.  edit