Palamu district

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"Palamu" redirects here. For other uses, see Palamu (disambiguation).
Palamu district
पलामू जिला
District of Jharkhand
Location of Palamu district in Jharkhand
Location of Palamu district in Jharkhand
Country India
State Jharkhand
Administrative division Palamu
Headquarters Daltonganj
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 1. Palamu, 2. Chatra (shared with Chatra district)
 • Assembly seats 5
Area
 • Total 5,044 km2 (1,947 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,936,319
 • Density 380/km2 (990/sq mi)
 • Urban 06.44
Demographics
 • Literacy 65.5 per cent
 • Sex ratio 929
Website Official website

Palamau is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India. It was formed in 1928.

Geography[edit]

The district lies between 23°50′ and 24°8′ north latitude and between 83°55′ and 84°30′ east longitude. It is bordered on the north by Son and Bihar rivers, on the east by the Chatra and Hazaribagh districts, on the south by Latehar District and on the west by Garhwa District.

The district covers an area of 5043.8 km² and has a population of 1,533,176. Daltonganj, situated on the North Koel river is the district headquarters.

National protected area[edit]

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Palamu one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[1] It is one of the 24 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[1]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Palamu district has a population of 1,936,319,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Lesotho[3] or the US state of West Virginia.[4] This gives it a ranking of 243rd in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 381 inhabitants per square kilometre (990 /sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.94%.[2] Palamu has a sex ratio of 929 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 65.5%.[2]

Languages[edit]

Languages spoken here include Asuri, an Austroasiatic language spoken by approximately 17 000 in India, largely in the southern part of Palamu;[5] and Bhojpuri, a tongue in the Bihari language group with almost 40 000 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.[6]

Flora and fauna[edit]

Main article: Betla National Park

World's first tiger-census was done in the Palamau forests in the year 1932. Counting was based on pugmarks. There were around 44 tigers when the last census was done. There are several other wildlife found in the sanctuary — chital, chinkara, common langur, dhole (wild dogs), elephants, gaur, hares, Indian porcupine, nilgai, monkey, mouse deer, leopard, pangolin, panther, sambar (deer), sloth bear, wild boar and wolves. Peafowl, red junglefowl and partridges are the common birds found here.

The tourists can drive through dense patches of sal and bamboo in the park. A guide and jeep can be hired from the forest department. Watch towers are there to observe the wildlife in relative safety.There are tree houses which can be rented out for stay and food arrangement is also catered for.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Lesotho 1,924,886" 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. " West Virginia 1,852,994" 
  5. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Asuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  6. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°01′48″N 84°04′12″E / 24.03000°N 84.07000°E / 24.03000; 84.07000