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Palangka Raya
Official seal of Palangka Raya
Palangka Raya is located in Kalimantan
Palangka Raya
Palangka Raya
Location of Palangka Raya in Kalimantan
Palangka Raya is located in Indonesia
Palangka Raya
Palangka Raya
Location of Palangka Raya in Kalimantan
Coordinates: 2°12′36″S 113°55′12″E / 2.21000°S 113.92000°E / -2.21000; 113.92000Coordinates: 2°12′36″S 113°55′12″E / 2.21000°S 113.92000°E / -2.21000; 113.92000
Country Indonesia
Province Kalimantan Tengah
Founded July 17, 1957
 • Mayor Riban Satia
 • Total 2,678.51 km2 (1,034.18 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 220,223
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) 0536

Palangka Raya is the capital of the Indonesian province Central Kalimantan, also famously known as Central Borneo situated between the Kahayan and the Sabangau rivers. The closest airport serving the city is Tjilik Riwut.[1]

The city had a population of 220,962 inhabitants at the 2010 Census, with an average population density of 92.1 per km² (Indonesian Population Census 2010 results). Prior to decentralization in 2001, Palangka Raya had two administrative districts, namely: Pahandut and Bukit Batu. Now, Palangka Raya consists of five administrative districts: Pahandut, Jekan Raya, Bukit Batu, Sebangau, and Rakumpit.[2]

The city was built in 1957 (Emergency Law 10/1957 on the establishment of the Autonomous Region Central Kalimantan Level I)[citation needed] on wilderness that opened through the Pahandut village alongside Kahayan river banks. Palangka Raya is the largest city by land area in Indonesia.[3][citation needed]Most of the area is still forested, including protected forests, nature conservation areas, and Tangkiling Forest.[4]


Kalimantan Tengah (Central Kalimantan) province was established on 23 May 1957. The First Indonesian President, Sukarno, initiated construction of the city of Palangka Raya, the capital of the new province. Initially, Palangka Raya was prepared as the new capital of Indonesia to replace Jakarta; a proposal that was discussed until recently.[5][citation needed][6] To support this process, many iconic buildings were built to reflect the idea of Greater Indonesia. For example, the Bundaran Besar (Big Roundabout) in downtown Palangka Raya consists of a meeting of eight roads that symbolizes the eight great islands of Indonesia (Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi (Celebes), Kalimantan (Indonesia's Borneo), Bali, Nusa Tenggara Islands, and Papua). This makes Palangka Raya one of the most well-constructed planned cities in Indonesia.

According to the Gazette van Indië Nederlandisch 1849, Great Dayak areas including areas in this part of zuid-Ooster-based Besluit van den afdeeling Minister van Staat, Gouverneur-Generaal van Nederlandsch-Indie, on August 27, 1849, No. 8. Establishment of Central Kalimantan province through a long process that culminated on May 23, 1957 and was confirmed by the Emergency Law No. 10 of 1957, which is on the establishment of the Autonomous Region Level I of Central Kalimantan. Since then the province of Central Kalimantan is officially an autonomous region, as well as the anniversary of Central Kalimantan province.

The first pillar of Palangka Raya City development was done by the President of the Republic of Indonesia at the time, Soekarno on July 17, 1957 marked the inauguration of the monument to the provincial capital of Central Kalimantan in Pahandut. Then, based on Law No. 21 of 1958 that which was formerly Provincial Capital Pahandut was renamed to Palangka Raya.[7]


Palangka Raya consists of a combination of two words which are from Dayak Ngaju Language and a word of Sanskrit. Palangka (Ngaju) means a sacred site and raya (Sanskrit) means vast, so Palangka Raya means a vast sacred site.[8]


The majority of the population is Muslim, Christian, Hindu Kaharingan (Dayak origins religion), Catholic, Confucian and Hindu Bali.[citation needed]

Markets and culture[edit]

The city is famous for local dishes both delicious and healthy such as juhu asem patin baung (catfish and herba stew almost like Thailand Tom Yam in term of flavour), pais patin (steamed catfish and herba inside banana leaf), patin bakar (grilled river catfish,very recommended), nasi kuning (yellow rice), and juhu tana (rattan's shoots soup which is bitter,but also act as medicine), soto banjar and ketupat kandangan. Japanese dishes such as suki[disambiguation needed] and Oriental dishes are also popular. Other delicacies are Lempok (durian sweets), Amplang (fish crackers), Kue Cincin or Wadai Cincin (bread-shaped four rings).

There are two main traditional markets in Palangka Raya, Pasar Besar (The Big Market) and Pasar Kahayan, where many types of goods are sold.

Languages and demographic[edit]

Many people in Palangka Raya speak Indonesian alongside local Dayak languages such as Dayak Ngaju Language, Dayak Maanyan,(Dayak Kahayan language) etc. Local lingo is mixed of Bahasa Indonesia, Dayak and Banjar.[citation needed]


The Nyaru Menteng Orangutan Rescue and Rehabilitation Centre is close to Palangka Raya. The Center is within the boundaries of the Nyaru Menteng Arboretum, a 62.5 hectares (154 acres) lowland peat swamp forest ecosystem, founded in 1988 by the Ministry of Forestry Regional office of Central Kalimantan. It is operated by the Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation, and founded and managed by Lone Drøscher Nielsen. The Centre was featured on Animal Planet's award-winning series Orangutan Island, the BBC's Orangutan diary, Saving Planet Earth and Growing Up... Orangutan (BBC/Discovery Channel), and in the 2008 Australian documentary-drama, The Burning Season. Good Morning Kalimantan (BBC Knowledge) are BBC Documentary that showing Palangka Raya and Yayasan Kalaweit led by Chanee struggles to save Gibbons (Uwa-uwa) and wild animals.[9]

Public facility[edit]

Aviation Academy[edit]

With a high rate of economy growth[10] followed by a fast proliferation of middle income economy citizen that can afford to travel by airplane there are growing demands for both civil and military pilot in Indonesia.[11] Palangka Raya with its large airspace and relatively clear air traffic recently been given opportunity to host a Lion Air subsidiary Aviation School.The school construction officially started by Central Kalimantan Governor DR.Agustin Teras Narang in Friday 15 February 2013 and already been finished recently. The school called Angkasa Aviation Academy has a squadron consisting of 14 Cessna 127 and a DC-3 aircraft. The Academy has capacity to train at least 50−70 cadets annually.[12]

The future capital of Indonesia[edit]

In 1957, when President Soekarno inaugurated a monument in the place that was then still called Pahandut, he expressed his desire to make the city the new republic’s future capital.[13]

Sister cities[edit]


External links[edit]