Palanpur

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Palanpur
પાલનપુર
city
Kirti Stambh of Palanpur
Kirti Stambh of Palanpur
Palanpur is located in Gujarat
Palanpur
Palanpur
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 24°10′N 72°26′E / 24.17°N 72.43°E / 24.17; 72.43Coordinates: 24°10′N 72°26′E / 24.17°N 72.43°E / 24.17; 72.43
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Banaskantha
Elevation 209 m (686 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 140,344
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 385 001
Telephone code 91-2742
Vehicle registration GJ-8

Palanpur is a city and a municipality of Banaskantha district in the Indian state of Gujarat. Palanpur is the largest city and the administrative headquarters of the district.

Palanpur was first settled by a Rajput name Prahladan, belonging to the Paramara dynasty of Rajputs, who received the surrounding area as appanage from his elder brother, who ruled the region of Arbud Parvat, what is known as Mount Abu now. Palanpur was known as Prahladanpur because of the name of founder king Prahladan. In the history of Jainism also it is known as prahaladanpur. Palanpur town later became the seat of the British India.

Geography and climate[edit]

Palanpur is located at 24°06′N 72°15′E / 24.10°N 72.25°E / 24.10; 72.25.[1] It has an average elevation of 209 metres (685 ft).

Climate[edit]

Palanpur enjoys all types of weather. In Summer, it's hot and humid with an average temperature of 42 Degrees with hot sandy winds. The temperature sometimes reaches 46 Degrees. However just before monsoon it becomes swelteringly hot along with humidity. In Winter, it's 5 to 15 degrees, which is quite cold as compared to other cities in Gujarat and in Monsoon, the average rainfall is about 20 to 30  inches per season.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[2] Palanpur had a population of 1,40,344. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Palanpur has an average literacy rate of 86%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 94%, and female literacy is 78%. In Palanpur, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Population growth through the years
Year Population
1941
20,300
1951
22,600
1961
29,100
1981
61,300
1991
90,300
2001
122,300
2011
141,592

Source:[3]Source:[4]

Population Growth of Palanpur 
Census Pop.
1941 20,300
1951 22,600 11.3%
1961 29,100 28.8%
1981 61,300
1991 90,300 47.3%
2001 122,300 35.4%
2011 141,592 15.8%
source:[3]
Religions in Palanpur
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
95%
Muslims
  
02%
Jains
  
3.4%
Others†
  
0.6%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

History[edit]

The town was once heavily fortified with seven Darwaja [Gate] in different directions, providing the only means of thoroughfare; these are now in ruins. Some of the gates known are called as follows "Shimla Darwaja", "Delhi Darwaja","VirBai Darwaja","Meera Darwaja" " Malan Darwaja" " Saalampur " and "Gathaman Darwaja". Of much more recent vintage are the other monuments that dot the town: the "Keertisthambh" or "victory tower" was erected in the 1930s, as were the Jorawar palace(Currently used as Judicial Court) and the Balaram palace. The main old market places also called heart of palanpur is Nanibazar,Moti Bazar,Dhal vas etc. Palanpur has beautiful gardens: Shashivan and Chaman Bag. Palanpur has beautiful lake name " Maansarovar " Well known King Sidhdhraj Jaysinh of Patan town was born in the Palanpur. Her Mother built Lord Shiva's "Pataleshwar Temple" of Palanpur.

Palanpur State[edit]

Main article: Palanpur State

Palanpur was the seat of a princely state ruled by the Lohani (Jalori) Dynasty. While the early history of the family is obscure, the family has apparently lived in India since at least the 16th century; a forbearer of the family is reputed to have wed the foster-sister of the Mughal emperor Akbar and to have received Palanpur and the surrounding areas as a dowry. However, the family comes into historical prominence during the period of instability that followed the demise of Aurangzeb in the early 18th century. It was overrun soon afterwards by the Marathas; the Lohanis followed the trend of seeking recourse in the British East India Company against them and finally entered the subsidiary alliance system in 1817, along with all other neighbouring states.

The state encompassed an area of 1766 km² (682 mi²) and a population, in 1901, of 222,627. The town of Bharwapur housed a population of only 8000 people that year. The state commanded a revenue of approximately Rs.50,000/- per year, and paid a tribute to the Gaekwad, the Maratha ruler of Baroda, of Rs.2564 per year. It was traversed by the main line of the Rajputana-Malwa railway, and contained the British cantonment of Deesa. Wheat, rice and sugar-cane were the chief products. Watered by the Sabarmati river, the state was heavily forested in its northern reached (the present-day Jessore sanctuary) but undulating and open in the south and east. The country was on the whole somewhat hilly, being at the edge of the Aravalli Range.

Politics[edit]

Map of the Palanpur Agency

Palanpur Agency[edit]

Main article: Palanpur Agency

Palanpur also lent its name to a political agency, or collection of native states, on the border between present-day Gujarat and Rajasthan. The agency oversaw some 17 princely states and estates in the area, encompassing an area of 6393 square miles (16,558 km²) and a population, in 1901, of 467,271.

City scape[edit]

Palanpur was known as "flower city" because of perfumes (Itar) available here. Palanpur is also known for its textile retail market. The major areas in the city are Station road, Delhi gate, Simla gate and Dhalwas. Kirti Stambh is a 22 m high historic tower located in Palanpur. Palanpur is also known for diamonds. People of Jain community of Palanpur are famous Diamond merchants. They have Diamond business in Palanpur, Surat, Mumbai Bangalore, Kolkata, Chennai and out of India in Belgium, London, Singapore and New York. Bombay Zaveri Bazaar is very famous for diamond business. In Belgium also they have big business of diamond. Because of that Palanpur is known as ' City of Diamond '. The samosa is a famous item to eat in Palanpur. Banas dairy, one of the largest dairy in Gujarat is also situated in Palanpur having 35 lacs liters per day in procurement of milk.

Surrounding Cites[edit]

Business[edit]

Dairy Industry,Diamond Polishing & Marble Industry is major key player of Economy in Palanpur.

Entertainment[edit]

Surmandir was the first Multiplex of north Gujarat now run by "Big Cinemas". Other cinemas of town includes City Light, Movie World etc.

Multiplexes[edit]

Surmandir was the first Multiplex of north Gujarat now run by "Big Cinemas". They screen both Bollywood and Hollywood movies.

Cinema Location No of Screens
Surmandir Abu - Highway Road 3 [Three]

Single-screen theaters[edit]

There are two Single screen Theaters in Palanpur, although a number of theaters have been renovated, converted into shopping complexes.

Cinema Location
City Light City light Road
Movie World Palace Road

Education[edit]

Palanpur is an educational hub of Banaskantha; students from nearby villages come to schools and colleges.

Association with Jainism[edit]

In 1616, 31 years after Akbar gave them Palanpur, the Nawabs of Jhalore moved in. Hundreds of people moved with the nawabs: nobles, officials, craftsmen, farmers, traders, and administrators. The Jhalore Nawabs established themselves quickly, and ruled Palanpur for the next 330 years, stepping down after becoming one of the first princely states to voluntarily merge with the Indian Union in 1948. The benevolent rule of the nawabs is remembered with fondness even today. The liberal atmosphere was ideal for a flowering of craft and poetry. Palanpuri attars were famous for their delicate fragrance, and the state became well known for Gujarati ghazals, and poetry. Local historians credit much of Palanpur’s good fortunes to an astute group of Jain administrators who oversaw the day-to-day running of the state. When the Jhalore Nawabs moved to Palanpur they were accompanied by a group of Jain families. Originally Kshatriya Rajputs from Rajasthan, these families had come under the influence of Jain munis and become ardent followers of Jainism. The Jains found patronage under the Nawabs and their relationship evolved into one of mutual interest, and respect. In Palanpur, the Jains became key advisors to the Nawabs.

Palanpur is closely associated with Jainism. Because of its remote location, the families started their businesses in Bombay (now Mumbai) and later Surat. However, they still maintain close ties to their ancestral home. India's diamond industry, still dominated by Palanpuri Jains, now processes the majority of diamonds used in jewellery.

Notable people[edit]

Several notable persons hails from Palanpur:

Transport[edit]

The town being the headquarters of Banaskantha district is well-connected by road and rail.

Rail[edit]

Palanpur Railway Station, on the Jaipur-Ahmedabad line, comes under the administrative control of Western Railway zone of the Indian Railways. It has direct rail links on the broad gauge to the cities of Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Mysore, Bangalore, Pune, Mumbai, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Delhi, Dehradun, Muzaffarpur, Bareilly and Jammu. It is connected to most of the cities and towns in Gujarat such as Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodra, Bhuj, Rajkot, Jamnagar and Porbandar.Indian Railways’ proposal to double the broad gauge line between Palanpur and Samakhiali has received government backing.The doubling will benefit the districts of Kutch, Patan and Banaskantha in the state of Gujarat.

Road[edit]

National Highway 14 connecting Beawar in Rajasthan with Radhanpur in Gujarat passes through Deesa-Palanpur ,thus connecting it with the cities of Pali, Sirohi and Abu Road. State Highways SH 712, SH 132 pass through Palanpur and connect it with nearby towns in Gujarat. State Highway SH 41 connects it with Mehsana & Ahmedabad.

Air[edit]

The nearest Airport is the Deesa Airport (also spelled Disa Airport), an airport in Deesa, Gujarat originally built to serve the princely state of Palanpur.[5] it is just 26 km from Palanpur city. The nearest International Airport is Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport, Ahemdabad which is 139 km far from Palanpur city.

Gallery[edit]

Nearby places of interest[edit]

  • The Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary, a reserve forest sprawling over 180 km² is located in Jessore, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) away.
  • Rani ki vav Rani ki Vav a famous stepwell is situated in nearby town of Patan and so is the majestic Sun Temple, Modhera Sun Temple at Modhera.
  • Dantiwada Dam. S.K.Nagar
  • Ambaji Temple
  • Balaram Palace Resort

Temples[edit]

Palanpur city has several temples dedicated to Hinduism and Jainism. It is famous for its relation to Jainism. The Motu Derasar and Nanu Derasar are the Jain temples which are especially famous in Jains. The Pallaviya Parshwanath Temple (Mota Derasar) was built by King Prahaladan (Founder of Palanpur city). It's the Temple of 23rd Lord of Jainism, Lord Parshwanath. This place comes under 108 Parshwanth Temples, which gets special attention to the devotees of Jainism. Lakshman Tekari Temple is dedicated to Lord Ram and Lord Shiv.The Pataleshwar Mahadev Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, is an ancient temple situated near Keerti sthambh. It is believed to be the birthplace of King Siddharaj Jaisinh, who've ruled Gujarat from Patan. Mota Ramji Mandir, dedicated to Lord Rama. Old Shiv Temple is located on Gobri road near Swastik Society. Ambaji Mata Mandir is the famous temples in the city.

Ambaji temple located in Ambaji is believed to be one of the 51 Shakti Peethas and is located about 55 km from Palanpur. Kedarnath Mahadev Temple, located in Jessore, about 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Palanpur and Balaram Mahadev temple, located about 14 km from the city are famous temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. A famous temple of Dharmata, who is a kuldevi of Sundhiya family is situated near Balaram Mahadev Temple on the Virampur road. Gayatri mandir located on NH27.-

References[edit]