||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: reorganization of sections and information according to and copyediting, citations. (August 2013)|
|Elevation||209 m (686 ft)|
|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Legend has it that Palanpur was first settled by a certain Prahladan, belonging to the Paramara clan of Rajputs, who received the surrounding area as appanage from his elder brother, who ruled the region of what is now Mount Abu. It was known as Prahladanpur in history of Jainism. Palanpur town later became the seat of the eponymous princely state in British India.
- 1 Geography and climate
- 2 Demographics
- 3 History
- 4 Politics
- 5 City scape
- 6 Business
- 7 Education
- 8 Association with Jainism
- 9 Notable people
- 10 Transport
- 11 Gallery
- 12 Nearby places of interest
- 13 References
Geography and climate
Palanpur is located at  It has an average elevation of 209 metres (685 ft)..
Palanpur enjoys all types of weather. In Summer, it's hot and humid with an average temperature of 42 Degrees with hot sandy winds. The temperature sometimes reaches 46 Degrees. However just before monsoon it becomes swelteringly hot along with humidity. In Winter, it's 5 to 15 degrees, which is quite cold as compared to other cities in Gujarat and in Monsoon, the average rainfall is about 20 to 30 inches per season.
As of 2011[update] India census, Palanpur had a population of 1,40,344. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Palanpur has an average literacy rate of 86%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 94%, and female literacy is 78%. In Palanpur, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The town was once heavily fortified with seven gates providing the only means of thoroughfare; these are now in ruins. Some of the gates known are called as follows "Shimla Gate", "Delhi Gate","VirBai Gate","Meera Gate" and "Gathaman Gate(Darwaja)". Of much more recent vintage are the other monuments that dot the town: the "Keertistumbh" or "victory tower" was erected in the 1930s, as were the Jorawar palace(Currently used as Judicial Court) and the Balaram palace also the heart of palanpur is nanibazar also called chhotbazar .
Palanpur was the seat of a princely state ruled by the Lohani (Jalori) Dynasty. While the early history of the family is obscure, the family has apparently lived in India since at least the 16th century; a forbearer of the family is reputed to have wed the foster-sister of the Mughal emperor Akbar and to have received Palanpur and the surrounding areas as a dowry. However, the family comes into historical prominence during the period of instability that followed the demise of Aurangzeb in the early 18th century. It was overrun soon afterwards by the Marathas; the Lohanis followed the trend of seeking recourse in the British East India Company against them and finally entered the subsidiary alliance system in 1817, along with all other neighbouring states.
The state encompassed an area of 1766 km² (682 mi²) and a population, in 1901, of 222,627. The town of Bharwapur housed a population of only 8000 people that year. The state commanded a revenue of approximately Rs.50,000/- per year, and paid a tribute to the Gaekwad, the Maratha ruler of Baroda, of Rs.2564 per year. It was traversed by the main line of the Rajputana-Malwa railway, and contained the British cantonment of Deesa. Wheat, rice and sugar-cane were the chief products. Watered by the Sabarmati river, the state was heavily forested in its northern reached (the present-day Jessore sanctuary) but undulating and open in the south and east. The country was on the whole somewhat hilly, being at the edge of the Aravalli Range.
Palanpur also lent its name to a political agency, or collection of native states, on the border between present-day Gujarat and Rajasthan. The agency oversaw some 17 princely states and estates in the area, encompassing an area of 6393 square miles (16,558 km²) and a population, in 1901, of 467,271.
Palanpur was known as "flower city" because of perfumes (Itar) available here. Palanpur is also known for its textile retail market. The major areas in the city are Station road, Delhi gate, Simla gate and Dhalwas. Kirti Stambh is a 22 m high historic tower located in Palanpur. Palanpur is also known for diamonds. The samosa is a famous item to eat in Palanpur. Banas dairy, one of the largest dairy in Gujarat is also situated in Palanpur having 35 lacs litres per day in procurement of milk.
A number of primary industries including Dairy & Marbles are situated in or around the city.
Surmandir was the first Multiplex of north Gujarat. Other cinemas of town includes City Light, Movie World etc.
Palanpur is an educational hub of Banaskantha; students from nearby villages come through GSRTC buses to schools and colleges. There are some school which provide boarding facilities to the students.
- Vividhlakshi Vidyamandir. Talebag (Since 1956)
- High Tech Junior Science College.
- Ascent School of Science
- SMT. M M Mehta English Medium School (Only English medium school in Banaskantha till 2005)
- Swastik Primary School & K K Gothi High School & Swastik Higher Secandery School
- V R Vidhyalaya. Dairy Road, Palanpur
- SOS-School of Science
- Sansakar High School
M B Karnavat Highschool,Gobri Road ,Palanpur
- Government Polytechnic, Palanpur since 1984
- Government Engineering College Palanpur since 2008
- G.D. Modi College of Arts, Palanpur was established in 1964.
- R.R. Mehta College of Science and C.L. Parikh College of Commerce, Palanpur was established in 1964.
Association with Jainism
In 1616, 31 years after Akbar gifted them Palanpur, the Nawabs of Jhalore moved in. Hundreds of people moved with the nawabs: nobles, officials, craftsmen, farmers, traders, and administrators. The Jhalore Nawabs established themselves quickly, and ruled Palanpur for the next 330 years, stepping down after becoming one of the first princely states to voluntarily merge with the Indian Union in 1948. The benevolent rule of the nawabs is remembered with fondness even today. The liberal atmosphere was ideal for a flowering of craft and poetry. Palanpuri attars were famous for their delicate fragrance, and the state became well known for Gujarati ghazals, and poetry. Local historians credit much of Palanpur’s good fortunes to an astute group of Jain administrators who oversaw the day-to-day running of the state. When the Jhalore Nawabs moved to Palanpur they were accompanied by a group of Jain families. Originally Kshatriya Rajputs from Rajasthan, these families had come under the influence of Jain munis and become ardent followers of Jainism. The Jains found patronage under the Nawabs and their relationship evolved into one of mutual interest, and respect. In Palanpur, the Jains became key advisors to the Nawabs.
Palanpur is closely associated with Jainism. Because of its remote location, the families started their businesses in Bombay (now Mumbai) and later Surat. However, they still maintain close ties to their ancestral home. India's diamond industry, still dominated by Palanpuri Jains, now processes the majority of diamonds used in jewellery.
Several notable persons hails from Palanpur:
- Pranav Mistry, famous computer scientist and the inventor, well known for his work of SixthSense,Samsung Galaxy Gear and many other technologies.
- Bharat Shah, a Bollywood film producer, B4U Channel owner
- Rohit Jivanlal Parikh, mathematician, logician and philosopher. He holds the position of distinguished Professor at Brooklyn College, New York (1982–present).
- Chandrakant Bakshi, (1932–2006) A well known Gujarati author.
The town being the headquarters of Banaskantha district is well-connected by road and rail.
Palanpur Junction Railway station comes under the administrative control of Western Railway zone of the Indian Railways. It has direct rail links on the broad gauge to the cities of Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Mysore, Bangalore, Pune, Mumbai, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Delhi, Dehradun, Muzaffarpur, Bareilly and Jammu. It is connected to most of the cities and towns in Gujarat such as Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodra, Bhuj, Rajkot, Jamnagar and Porbandar.Indian Railways’ proposal to double the broad gauge line between Palanpur and Samakhiali has received government backing.The doubling will benefit the districts of Kutch, Patan and Banaskantha in the state of Gujarat.
National Highway 14 connecting Beawar in Rajasthan with Radhanpur in Gujarat passes through Deesa-Palanpur ,thus connecting it with the cities of Pali, Sirohi and Abu Road. State Highways SH 712, SH 132 pass through Palanpur and connect it with nearby towns in Gujarat. State Highway SH 41 connects it with Mehsana & Ahmedabad.
Palanpur's own local search engine
Nearby places of interest
- The Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary, a reserve forest sprawling over 180 km² is located in Jessore, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) away.
- Rani ki vav Rani ki Vav a famous stepwell is situated in nearby town of Patan and so is the majestic Sun Temple, Modhera Sun Temple at Modhera.
- Mazar of sufi saint Hazarat anvar kazi
Palanpur city has several temples dedicated to Hinduism and Jainism. It is famous for its relation to Jainism. The Motu Derasar and Nanu Derasar are the Jain temples which are especially famous in Jains. The Pallaviya Parshwanath Temple (Mota Derasar) was built by King Prahaladan (Founder of Palanpur city). It's the Temple of 23rd Lord of Jainism, Lord Parshwanath. This place comes under 108 Parshwanth Temples, which gets special attention to the devotees of Jainism. The Pataleshwar Mahadev Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, is an ancient temple situated near Keerti stambh. It is believed to be the birthplace of King Siddharaj Jaisinh, who've ruled Gujarat from Patan. Mota Ramji Mandir, dedicated to Lord Rama and Ambaji Mata Mandir are the famous temples located in the city.
Ambaji temple located in Ambaji is believed to be one of the 51 Shakti Peethas and is located about 55 km from Palanpur. Kedarnath Mahadev Temple, located in Jessore, about 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Palanpur and Balaram Mahadev temple, located about 14 km from the city are famous temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. A famous temple of Dharmata, who is a kuldevi of Sundhiya family is situated near Balaram Mahadev Temple on the Virampur road. Gayatri mandir located on NH27.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Palanpur
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Ascent School of Science (English & Gujarati Medium)