Palaquium

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Palaquium
Palaquium oblongifolium - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-233.jpg
Palaquium gutta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Sapotaceae
Subfamily: Sapotoideae
Tribe: Sapoteae
Genus: Palaquium
Blanco[1]
Species

See text

Palaquium is a genus of about 120 species of trees in the Sapotaceae family.[2] Their range is from India across Southeast Asia, Malesia, Papuasia and Australasia, to the western Pacific Islands.[3]

Description[edit]

Within their range, Palaquium species are mostly found in the Philippines and Borneo. In Borneo many species are recorded in the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak.[3]

The leaves are typically spirally arranged and often clustered near twig ends. Flowers are mostly bisexual, though some unisexual instances are known. Fruits are one or two-seeded with rare instances of several seeds. Palaquium habitats are coastal, lowland mixed dipterocarp, swamp and montane forests.[3]

Some species, for example Palaquium gutta, are well known for producing gutta-percha latex.[3]

Species[edit]

As of November 2013 The Plant List recognises 120 accepted species:[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Palaquium". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Stevens, Peter F. (2001 onwards). "Ericales; Sapotoideae; Palaquium". Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 13, 2013 with updates. Retrieved 6 Dec 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d Mohtar, A.P. Abang Mohd. (April 2002). "Palaquium Blanco". In Soepadmo, E.; Saw, L. G.; Chung, R. C. K. Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. (free online from the publisher, lesser resolution scan PDF versions) 4. Forest Research Institute Malaysia. pp. 271–312. ISBN 983-2181-27-5. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "Palaquium". The Plant List. Retrieved 5 December 2013.