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|First event||Manila, Philippines|
|Last event||21–27 April 2013 Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental|
The Palarong Pambansa (dubbed as "National Games) is an annual multi-sporting event involving student-athletes from seventeen (17) regions of the Philippines organized and governed by the Department of Education or DepEd.
Student-athletes from private and non-private schools from elementary and secondary levels are legitimately can joined the national event as long as they are qualified and they are regional champions.
Started in 1948, the Palarong Pambansa Program is an annual multi-level national scholastic athletic competition conducted by the DepEd and participated in by elementary and secondary students from both public and private schools. It is the culmination of sports activities in Philippines schools, which start with local school intramurals, followed by the district, division, and regional athletic meets.
The objectives of the Palaro are: (1)to promote Physical Education and sports as an integral part of the Basic Education curriculum for holistic development of the youth; (2) inculcate the spirit of discipline, teamwork, excellence, fair play, solidarity, sportsmanship, and other values inherent in sports; (3) promote and achieve peace by means of sports; (4) widen the base for talent identification, selection, recruitment, training and exposure of elementary pupils and secondary students to serve as a feeder to the National Sports Association (NSA) for international competitions; and provide a database for a valid and universal basis to further improve the school sports development programs.
The legal basis of the Palarong Pambansa is stipulated in the provision of the 1987 Philippine Constitution Article XIV, Section 19.
The first game was held in Manila in 1948. Before it was called "Palarong Pambansa", it was dubbed as Bureau of Public Schools-Interscholastic Athletics Association Games or (BPISAA). Then it continuous yearly until it was cancelled in 1957 because of the death of President Ramon Magsaysay. In 1958, Tagbilaran, Bohol hosted the 10th edition of the game. The game was also cancelled in 1972 when President Ferdinand Marcos declared Martial Law in the Philippines. In 1973, it was the last BPISAA which was held in Vigan, Ilocos Sur.
In 1974, the Bureau of Public Schools-Interscholastic Athletics Association Games or (BPISAA) was renamed "Palarong Pambansa". And up to this day, it was still named as Palarong Pambansa.
Some uncertain events that led the cancellation of Palarong Pambansa happened. These were in the years of 1980, 1984-1987 and 1999 . Palarong Pambansa 1980 was cancelled because it was substituted by another game called Palarong Bagong Lipunan. While in 1984-1987, it was due to People Power Revolution.
Misamis Oriental and Negros Occidental hosted the most number of the Palarong Pambansa. The two provinces hosted the game four times. Misamis Oriental hosted Palarong Pambansa in 1975, 1977, 1978 and in 1988. While Negros Occidental hosted the game in years - 1974, 1979, 1998 and 2000. While Lingayen, Pangasinan hosted three times in years - 1959, 1999 and 2012.
Regions participating in the annual Palarong Pambansa became bigger in numbers as some regions were split and became another region. For instance, Southern Tagalog Regional Athletics Association or STRAA represented the ten (10) provinces of Southern Tagalog in the later Palarong Pambansa. But it was divided into two which is now Region 4-A or the CALABARZON region and Region 4-B or the MIMAROPA region. Both regions are taking part in Palarong Pambansa as different teams or regions.
Creation of administrative and autonomous regions such as Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao and Cordillera Administrative Region and splitting of big region into new regions like the Southern Mindanao causes more teams. All these reasons made the seventeen (17) regions participating in Palarong Pambansa.
|ARMMAA||Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao|
|CARAA||Cordillera Administrative Region|
|NCRAA||National Capital Region|
|IRAA||Region I or Ilocos Region|
|CAVRAA||Region II or Cagayan Valley|
|CLRAA||Region III or Central Luzon|
|STCAA||Region IV-A or Southern Tagalog - CALABARZON|
|MIMAROPAA||Region IV-B or Southern Tagalog - MIMAROPA|
|BRAA||Region V or Bicol Region|
|WVRAA||Region VI or Western Visayas|
|CVRAA||Region VII Central Visayas|
|EVRAA||Region VIII or Eastern Visayas|
|ZPRAA||Region IX or Zamboanga Peninsula|
|NMRAA||Region X or Northern Mindanao|
|DAVRAA||Region XI or Davao Region|
|SRAA||Region XII or SOCCSKSARGEN|
|CARAGA||Region XIII or CARAGA|
Seventeen (17) sports are being contested at the Palarong Pambansa annually. All sports are competed in Elementary and secondary levels except for archery which is not played in Elementary level.
- 2013 demonstration sports
Arnis was also included among the priority sports in Palarong Pambansa (National Games) and begun in 2010, in accordance to Republic Act No. 9850 in 2009, signed by former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
Palarong Pambansa Edition Summary
Note: Hosting of Palarong Pambansa is from Luzon and then Visayas and then back to Luzon and then Mindanao. This order will be repeated. If Visayas have no bids to host the Palaro, then Mindanao will have the rights to host and/or vice versa. If Luzon have no bids, Metro Manila will be going to host the Palaro.
List of Host
- "Pangasinan wins bid to host 2012 Palarong Pambansa". November 17, 2011.
- "Futsal debuts as demo sport in Palaro 2013". April 15, 2013.
- Lizares, George. "Arnis now a national sport". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- "1978 Palarong Pambansa". November 16, 2012.
- "1988 Palarong Pambansa". November 18, 2012.
- "1998 Centennial Palarong Pambansa, Bacolod". September 25, 2012.
- "Thousands to join Palarong Pambansa in Tarlac". February 3, 2010.
- "2011 Palarong Pambansa Official Final Results by Points". August 9, 2011.
- "Palarong Pambansa 2012 Final Results as of May 6-8". May 10, 2012.
- "Palarong Pambansa 2012 Results (Final Medal Tally)". May 12, 2012.
- "Palarong Pambansa 2013 Finals Results Medal Standings (Video)". April 29, 2013.
- "Laguna, host ng 2014 Palarong Pambansa". October 26, 2013.
- "With new stadium in place, Davao del Norte revives Palaro hosting bid". November 29, 2012.
- "CITY OF KORONADAL BIDS TO HOST 2015 PALARONG PAMBANSA".
- Official Website
- Venues for Palarong Pambansa
- 2013 Palarong Pambansa Special Coverage by Rappler.com