Palatine, Illinois

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Not to be confused with Palestine, Illinois.
Coordinates: 42°07′01″N 88°02′26″W / 42.11694°N 88.04056°W / 42.11694; -88.04056
Palatine, Illinois
Village
Deer grove sunset.jpg
Official name: Village of Palatine
Motto: A Real Home Town
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
Township Palatine
Elevation 741 ft (226 m)
Coordinates 42°07′01″N 88°02′26″W / 42.11694°N 88.04056°W / 42.11694; -88.04056
Area 13.76 sq mi (36 km2)
 - land 13.62 sq mi (35 km2)
 - water 0.14 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 68,557 (2010)
Density 5,033.6 / sq mi (1,943 / km2)
Mayor Jim Schwantz
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 60067, 60074, 60078, 60094, 60095, 60173, 60195
Area code 847, 224
Location of Palatine within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Palatine, Illinois
Website: www.palatine.il.us

Palatine is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It is a northwestern residential suburb of Chicago. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 65,479. In the 2010 census its population had risen to 68,557,[1] making it the seventh-largest community in Cook County[2] and the 18th-largest in the state of Illinois.[3]

History[edit]

The first European-American to settle in Palatine is generally thought to be George Ela, who built a log cabin in the area now called Deer Grove. Ela was one of the first of a wave of pioneers to migrate to northern Illinois following the Black Hawk War. A road which passes through the western edge of Palatine is called Ela Road in his honor.

The Village of Palatine was founded in 1866. It was built around a station on the new Chicago and North Western Railway. Joel Wood surveyed and laid out the village, earning him the title of Palatine's founder. One of Palatine's original downtown streets is named after Wood.

A shortline railroad, the Palatine, Lake Zurich and Wauconda Railroad, was built in 1911, and began full passenger service to Wauconda, Illinois, in 1912. The line was closed in 1924 after a series of financial misfortunes and the improvement of roads in the area. The PLZ&W provided transportation to Dr. Wilson's Deer Grove Park, just north of Dundee Road in Palatine.[4]

Palatine's first suburb-style subdivision was called Palanois Park, built shortly after World War II. The town has experienced rapid growth since the 1970s, part of Chicago's growing suburban sprawl. Palatine was home to the Cook County Fair from 1914 to 1931. The fairgrounds are now a subdivision with a name that pays tribute to Palatine's former fairgrounds.

During the early 1990s, Palatine along with neighboring Rolling Meadows and far northern suburb Zion were sued by atheist activist Rob Sherman over its village seal and seal-defaced flag, which had a Christian cross, among other things, inside an outline of an eagle.[citation needed] A 1992 advisory referendum to keep the seal passed, but another referendum to use public funds to defend the seal failed, leading the village to drop the seal.[citation needed] While Rolling Meadows and Zion developed new seals with the crosses removed, Palatine has since been without an official seal or flag, and is Illinois' largest city or village as such.[citation needed] The French tricolor reflecting the village's sister city relationship with Fontenay-le-Comte, France, has flown at times on the flagpole meant for the village flag outside village hall.

In 1993, a multiple homicide, the Brown's Chicken massacre, received national attention.

Palatine has been in the process of revitalizing its downtown area since December 1999.[5] This process has spawned a new passenger train station, a nearby parking garage, and several new condominiums, rowhomes, and commercial buildings.

In 2008, Palatine made news by threatening to secede from Cook County over the latter's sales tax hike; as a result of the tax hike, Palatine's sales tax is 9.0%. In 2009, residents of Palatine Township (which includes the village of Palatine) overwhelmingly voted to pass an advisory referendum stating that they would like to secede from Cook County.

The Palatine Metra station is visible looking southeast along the Union Pacific Northwest Line.

Geography[edit]

Palatine is located at 42°7′1″N 88°2′26″W / 42.11694°N 88.04056°W / 42.11694; -88.04056 (42.116885, -88.040613).[6]

According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 13.76 square miles (35.6 km2), of which 13.62 square miles (35.3 km2) (or 98.98%) is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2) (or 1.02%) is water.[7] Palatine's shape resembles that of the head of an axe.[8]

Palatine is in a wooded marshland where several streams rise around the village. Most of these streams meet up with Salt Creek which rises at Wilke Marsh on the village's east side. The most notable exception is the northeast side, where its streams lie in the Buffalo Creek watershed. A small part of the east and southeast sides lies in the McDonald Creek watershed.

Sunset at Deer Grove Forest Preserve

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2010 census, there were 68,557 people, 26,876 households, and 17,646 families residing in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 76.9% White, 2.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 10.3% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 7.4% some other race, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.0% of the population.[1]

There were 26,876 households out of which 33.2% had any child under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were headed by husband-wife couples, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.3% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals living alone, and 7.5% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54, and the average family size was 3.16.[1]

In the village the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.8 years. Of the total population, 49.4% were male and 50.6% were female.[1]

According to the 2011 American Community Survey, the estimated median income for a household in the village was $63,756, and the median income for a family was $74,915. The per capita income for the village was $30,049. About 8.2% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.[9]

The village is home to a large Sikh gurdwara on its northwest side that is visited by Sikhs from across the country.

Government[edit]

Palatine operates under the Council-manager form of local government. Six councilmen are elected from their respective districts, while the entire village elects the Village Clerk and the Mayor. The council then hires a Village Manager to oversee the town's day-to-day operation. The current mayor is Jim Schwantz.

Economy[edit]

JPMorgan Chase (Chase Cards) has a payment processing center located in Palatine.

Weber-Stephen Products, manufacturers of the Weber grill, and Square D, one of the largest makers of circuit breakers, are both headquartered in Palatine.

Top employers[edit]

According to Palatine's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[10] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Community Consolidated School District 15 2,200
2 Township High School District 211 2,000
3 United Parcel Service 1,920
4 United States Postal Service 1,900
5 Harper College 700
6 Square D 410
7 Village of Palatine 364
8 DiMucci Companies 350
9 Schneider Electric 350
10 Weber-Stephen Products 200
11 Arlington Plating 150
12 Intec Group 150

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Palatine is part of Community Consolidated School District 15 (CCSD15) for public elementary schools and Township High School District 211 (D211) for public high schools. Both the school districts' main offices are located in Palatine, and have both won numerous awards. In 2003, CCSD15 was awarded the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award by then-President, George W. Bush; few school districts in the nation have been awarded since the awards began in 1988. The village is home to two high schools, Palatine High School on the northeast side and William Fremd High School on the southwest side, and a community college, William Rainey Harper College. Both high schools and the college, as well as the public library, have received high national honors. There are two public junior high schools in Palatine, Walter R. Sundling Junior High, and Winston Campus–Junior High. Some students in Palatine attend Plum Grove Junior High in Rolling Meadows, just outside of Palatine's limits.

Elementary schools (K-6)

  • Gray M. Sanborn School
  • Hunting Ridge School
  • Jane Addams School
  • Lake Louise School
  • Lincoln School
  • Marion Jordan School
  • Pleasant Hill School
  • Stuart R. Paddock School
  • Virginia Lake School
  • Winston Campus School–Elementary

Junior high schools (7-8)

  • Walter R. Sundling Junior High

Feeder schools: Lincoln, Marion Jordan, Virginia Lake, and Sanborn

  • Winston Campus–Junior High

Feeder schools: Winston Campus-Elementary, Jane Addams, Virginia Lake and Lake Louise

Private schools (Preschool-8)

Parochial schools:

Independent schools:

High schools

Feeder schools: Walter R. Sundling (students that attended Lincoln, Sanborn, and Virginia Lake) and Winston Campus-Junior High

Feeder schools: Plum Grove Junior High and Walter R. Sundling (students that attended Marion Jordan)

  • District 211 Academy-North[11]

Tertiary education[edit]

Colleges

Miscellaneous education[edit]

The Chicago Northwest Suburban Chinese School (CNSCS, T: 芝加哥西北郊中文學校, S: 芝加哥西北郊中文学校, P: Zhījiāgē Xīběijiāo Zhōngwén Xuéxiào) holds its classes at William Fremd High School.[12][13] The school serves students in grades preschool through 10,[13] and the school offers extracurricular classes to children and adults. Several parents opened the school in 1981.[14] In 1992 the Illinois State Board of Education accredited the school as a foreign language school.[13] In 2003 the school had over 180 students.[14] As of 2011 the school had a total of 200 students. In 1992 the Illinois State Board of Education accredited the school as a foreign language school.[13]

Frank Parng, the principal of the Chicago Northwest Suburban Chinese School (CNSCS, T: 芝加哥西北郊中文學校, S: 芝加哥西北郊中文学校, P: Zhījiāgē Xīběijiāo Zhōngwén Xuéxiào), stated that weekend Chinese schools began opening in the Palatine area in the late 1970s and early 1980s. By 2003 the number of students served at the schools in Palatine had increased due to rising immigration. That year, there were two non-profit Chinese supplementary schools in Palatine, which served a combined total of almost 800 students.[14]

Park districts[edit]

Palatine Park District[edit]

The Palatine Park District serves 85,000 residents within the Palatine, Rolling Meadows, Arlington Heights, Inverness, Hoffman Estates and Barrington communities. It is governed by five elected park commissioners who oversee a professional staff.

The Palatine Park District operates swimming pools at Family Aquatic Center, Birchwood, and Eagle, as well as recreational centers at Community Center, Birchwood, and Falcon Park – which opened in January 2010.

Salt Creek Rural Park District[edit]

Events[edit]

  • Streetfest- Similar to Taste of Chicago, this event includes lines of food vendors down the streets of Downtown Palatine, with music playing and games and other fun activities going on at the same time. This happens at the end of every summer (August) every year and is meant for families and friends to enjoy.[15]
  • Fourth of July Celebration- Another tradition of Palatine is the schedule of Fourth of July events that occur every year. From an annual parade, to fireworks, to the carnival that comes into town, Palatine is full of the traditional celebration of every Fourth of July holiday. Events are for members of all ages, and are things that occur every year.[16]

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Palatine village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): All Places fully within/partially within Cook County, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): All Places within Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  4. ^ Whitney, Richard. Old Maud: The Story of The Palatine, Lake Zurich and Wauconda Railroad. Polo, Illinois: Transportation Trails, 1992. ISBN 0-933449-14-3
  5. ^ Village of Palatine. "Downtown Land Use Guide Update. Online: [1].
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  8. ^ "Village of Palatine Street Map". Village of Palatine. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  9. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates (DP03): Palatine village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  10. ^ Village of Palatine CAFR
  11. ^ Welcome to the Academy-North Website!
  12. ^ "Contact Us." Chicago Northwest Suburban Chinese School. Retrieved on February 24, 2014. "The school is located at the William Fremd High School, 1000 South Quentin Road, Palatine, Illinois 60067"
  13. ^ a b c d "Palatine Chinese school shows its versatility." Chicago Daily Herald. February 6, 2011. Retrieved on February 24, 2014.
  14. ^ a b c Ray, Tiffany. "Schools connect students to China." Chicago Tribune. March 2, 2003. Retrieved on February 24, 2014.
  15. ^ Pareti, Tim (24 August 2000). "Downtown Streetfest To Give A Warm Summer Send-off". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 14 November 2012. 
  16. ^ "Hometown Fest 2012". Palatine Jaycees. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  17. ^ http://www.dailyherald.com/story/?id=364270
  18. ^ Denovomagazine.com
  19. ^ Bonaguro, Alison (June 15, 2009). "Kenny Chesney scores on talent at Soldier Field". Chicago Tribune. 
  20. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 1997-1998, Biographical Sketch of Bernard E. Pedersen, pg. 61
  21. ^ Fave designer of first lady to close shop - DailyHerald.com
  22. ^ Mallory Snyder - AskMen

External links[edit]